greater bird’s-foot-trefoil

synonym: Lotus uliginosus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona cinnamomeus
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora squamella
leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus icarus
leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma taeniolella
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis loti
flower vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon loti
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona waterhousi
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona gemellatus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Coelositona cambricus
stem borer larva Apionidae Synapion ebeninum
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria euaspis
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia barbichei
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia melanopus
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula subnitidella
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis lotiradicis
fruit gall Apionidae Ischnopterapion fallens
fruit gall Apionidae Ischnopterapion modestum
fruit gall main Apionidae Ischnopterapion plumbeomicans
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia loti
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella loticola
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora lotorum
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ovularia sphaeroidea
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula cryptella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula ridiculosa
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 6.vii.2019