Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Phaseolus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
systemicpustuleSclerotiniaceaeSclerotinia sclerotiorum
seedsfilmEremotheciaceaeEremothecium coryli
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaePseudocercospora griseola
leafleaf spotdoubtfulCapnodialesRamularia collo-cygni
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus norwegicus
leafvagrantMiridaeHalticus saltator
fruitvagrantPyrrhocoridaePyrrhocoris apterus
flowervagrantrarelyMiridaeClosterotomus trivialis
leafvagrantPentatomidaeAcrosternum breviceps
leafpredatorPentatomidaeAcrosternum heegeri
leafvagrantPentatomidaeNezara viridula
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePhilopedon plagiatum
scaleDiaspididaeChrysomphalus aonidum
scalePseudococcidaePhenacocccus gossypii
leafvagrantLycaenidaeLeptotes pirithous
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa gamma
leafvagrantNymphalidaeVanessa cardui
leafvagrantSphingidaeAcherontia atropos
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCirculifer tenellus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmpoasca fabalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania japonica
leafvagrantCurculionidaeDonus zoilus
fruitborerChrysomelidaeCallosobruchus maculatus
fruitborerChrysomelidaeAcanthoscelides obtectus
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege sticticalis
rootgallRhizobialesRhizobium leguminosarum
fruitborerPyralidaeEtiella zinckenella
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
flowerhiddenThripidaeKakothrips robustus
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafvagrantTetranychidaeTetranychus urticae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus phaseoli
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lineatus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona macularius
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona macularius
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza sojae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
systemicminer>borerGelechiidaeTuta absoluta
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe pisi var. pisi
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula papilionacearum
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera xanthii
leafleaf spotPseudomonadalesPseudomonas savastanoi pv phaseolicola
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerGelechiidaeAproaerema anthyllidella
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces appendiculatus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
root collargallActinomycetalesRhodococcus fascians
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera trifolii
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSmynthurodes betae
leafgallAphididaeMegoura viciae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 2.ix.2022