Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Phaseolus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Spodoptera frugiperda
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis
leaf predator Thripidae Scolothrips longicornis
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus kanzawai
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus turkestani
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus ludeni
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amyna axis
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia phaseoli
fruit leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria leguminum
root film Leptolegniaceae Aphanomyces euteiches
stem film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora nicotianae
systemic film Pythiaceae Globisporangium debaryanum
systemic film Pythiaceae Globisporangium intermedium
root gall Pythiaceae Globisporangium irregulare
root film Pythiaceae Pythium sylvaticum
leaf film Pythiaceae Globisporangium ultimum
root film Pythiaceae Phytopythium vexans
stem down Nectriaceae Neocosmospora solani
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Stemphylium botryosum
root film Ceratocystidaceae Berkeleyomyces basicola
leaf leaf spot Botryosphaeriaceae Macrophomina phaseolina
root film Helicobasidiaceae Helicobasidium purpureum
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
stem pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia minor
stem down Nectriaceae Fusarium oxysporum
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium dahliae
fruit down Peronosporaceae Phytophthora phaseoli
stem pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia trifoliorum
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora cruenta
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum lindemuthianum
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales incertae sedis Phoma exigua var. exigua
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta phaseolina
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria phaseoli
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Stagonosporopsis hortensis
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta pisi
systemic pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
seeds film Eremotheciaceae Eremothecium coryli
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora griseola
leaf leaf spot doubtful Capnodiales Ramularia collo-cygni
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus norwegicus
leaf vagrant Miridae Halticus saltator
fruit vagrant Pyrrhocoridae Pyrrhocoris apterus
flower vagrant rarely Miridae Closterotomus trivialis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Acrosternum breviceps
leaf predator Pentatomidae Acrosternum heegeri
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Nezara viridula
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Philopedon plagiatum
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus aonidum
scale Pseudococcidae Phenacocccus gossypii
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Leptotes pirithous
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa gamma
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Vanessa cardui
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Acherontia atropos
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Circulifer tenellus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Empoasca fabalis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx atropunctata
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania japonica
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Donus zoilus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Callosobruchus maculatus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Acanthoscelides obtectus
leaf hidden Crambidae Loxostege sticticalis
root gall Rhizobiales Rhizobium leguminosarum
fruit borer Pyralidae Etiella zinckenella
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
flower hidden Thripidae Kakothrips robustus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus urticae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus phaseoli
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineatus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona macularius
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona macularius
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia tabaci
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza sojae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
systemic miner>borer Gelechiidae Tuta absoluta
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera xanthii
leaf leaf spot Pseudomonadales Pseudomonas savastanoi pv phaseolicola
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces appendiculatus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
root collar gall Actinomycetales Rhodococcus fascians
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera trifolii
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Smynthurodes betae
leaf gall Aphididae Megoura viciae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 23.i.2024