Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Medicago falcata

sickle medick

synonym: Medicago glandulosa, sativa subsp. falcata

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeParafoucartia squamulata
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafpustuleuredinia teliadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces pisi
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces fallens
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEuxoa distinguenda
leafvagrantErebidaeEuclidia mi
leafvagrantErebidaeEuclidia glyphica
leafvagrantGeometridaeBiston betularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeEmaturga atomaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHeliomata glarearia
leafvagrantGeometridaeLycia zonaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelidosema brunnearia
leafminerLycaenidaePolyommatus icarus
leafvagrantPieridaeColias croceus
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCupido argiades
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCupido alcetas
flowervagrantLycaenidaeGlaucopsyche alexis
fruitborerEurytomidaeBruchophagus roddi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeDryodurgades reticulatus
flowerhiddenCurculionidaeHypera meles
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera miles
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera postica
leafvagrantCurculionidaeDonus zoilus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeTychius beckeri
unknownunknownGelechiidaeAristotelia subericinella
systemicgallEriophyidaeAculus acraspis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona longulus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona humeralis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona inops
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeTychius flavus
stemborerlarvaApionidaeStenopterapion tenue
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeTherioaphis brachytricha
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis medicaginis
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza submetallescens
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia submaura
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia ononidis
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia miki
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius aureolus
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius medicaginis
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia medicaginis
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria plicator
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria ononidistrifolii
leaf budgallApionidaeHolotrichapion pisi
leaf budgallApionidaeHolotrichapion pullum
leaf budgallApionidaeProtapion filirostre
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura lupulinae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura medicaginis
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe pisi var. pisi
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula papilionacearum
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora aestivalis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella medicaginis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeWachtliella dalmatica
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza frontella
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nana
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerGelechiidaeSyncopacma vinella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter insignitella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter medicaginella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces striatus
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
root collargallBlastocladialesPhysoderma alfalfae
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis trifolii maculata
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis trifolii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.xii.2021