Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Medicago lupulina

black medick

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantCoreidaeCeraleptus lividus
leafvagrantCoreidaeCeraleptus gracilicornis
leafvagrantCoreidaeCoriomeris denticulatus
leafvagrantCoreidaeCoriomeris scabricornis
leafvagrantCoreidaeBathysolen nubilus
leafpustuleuredinia teliadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces pisi
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces fallens
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua comes
flowerhiddenPyralidaeOncocera semirubella
leafvagrantGeometridaeHeliomata glarearia
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMacrothylacia rubi
leafvagrantLycaenidaeZizeeria knysna
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula emutaria
leafminerLycaenidaePolyommatus icarus
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys rubi
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCupido alcetas
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCupido argiades
leafvagrantLycaenidaePlebejus argus
leafvagrantLycaenidaePlebejus idas
leafvagrantPieridaeColias hyale
fruitborerEurytomidaeBruchophagus medicaginis
fruitborerEurytomidaeBruchophagus roddi
flowerhiddenCurculionidaeHypera meles
fruitborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeEutrichapion viciae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena fornicata
leafhiddenGelechiidaeMirificarma eburnella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeIwaruna biguttella
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona cinnamomeus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona inops
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona longulus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona macularius
rootvagrantlarvararelyCurculionidaeSitona hispidulus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona tenuis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona humeralis
stemborerlarvaApionidaeStenopterapion tenue
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis medicaginis
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia ononidis
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
systemicgallEriophyidaeAculus acraspis
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius junceus
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria plicator
leaf budgallApionidaeHolotrichapion pisi
leaf budgallApionidaeHolotrichapion pullum
leaf budgallApionidaeProtapion filirostre
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia lupulinae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura lupulinae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe pisi var. pisi
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora romanica
leafleaf spotHelotialesPseudopeziza medicaginis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella medicaginis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella jaapiana
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza frontella
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nana
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerGelechiidaeAproaerema anthyllidella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter insignitella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter medicaginella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces punctatus
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces striatus
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
root collargallBlastocladialesPhysoderma alfalfae
rootgallRhizobialesRhizobium leguminosarum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaePemphigus populi
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis trifolii
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis coronillae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.i.2022