Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Medicago sativa

lucerne

synonym: Medicago media

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia vasiljevi
flowerhiddenCurculionidaeHypera meles
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera postica
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera miles
leaf budgallApionidaeProtapion filirostre
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeColaspidema barbarum
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena fornicata
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius bimaculatus
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege sticticalis
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera melancholica
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
rootscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus cingulatus
leafhiddenGelechiidaeDichomeris limosellus
leafhiddenCrambidaeNomophila noctuella
leafminerGelechiidaeSyncopacma taeniolella
unknownunknownGelechiidaeAristotelia subericinella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAthrips nigricostella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeMirificarma eburnella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeDichomeris acuminatus
leafhiddenGelechiidaeIwaruna biguttella
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDiplosiola bursaria
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
stemvagrantlarvaMembracidaeStictocephala bisonia
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura lafauryana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis dumetana
flowerhiddenThripidaeOdontothrips phaleratus
flowerhiddenThripidaeOdontothrips loti
flowerhiddenThripidaeKakothrips robustus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips nigropilosus
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
stemborerTortricidaeGrapholita caecana
leafvagrantsummer generationTortricidaeGrapholita compositella
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria medicaginis
leafvagrantdoubtfulDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ficifoliae
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lineatus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona bicolor
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona cylindricollis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona cinnamomeus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona longulus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona macularius
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona sulcifrons
rootvagrantlarvararelyCurculionidaeSitona hispidulus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lineellus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona puncticollis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona humeralis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona discoideus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeTychius flavus
leaf budgallApionidaeHolotrichapion pisi
stemborerlarvaApionidaeStenopterapion tenue
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
rootborerCurculionidaeHylastinus obscurus
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis medicaginis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria ononidis
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia miki
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius aureolus
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius medicaginis
fruitgalldoubtfulCurculionidaeTychius meliloti
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia medicaginis
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria plicator
leaf budgallApionidaeHolotrichapion pullum
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura medicaginis
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe pisi var. pisi
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula papilionacearum
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora aestivalis
leafleaf spotHelotialesPseudopeziza medicaginis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella medicaginis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella jaapiana
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza drepanura
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza frontella
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nana
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza rozkosnyi
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza cicerina
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza xanthocera
leafminerGelechiidaeAproaerema anthyllidella
leafminerGelechiidaeSyncopacma vinella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter medicaginella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona gracilis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces striatus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus alfalfae
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia curvipalpis
root collargallBlastocladialesPhysoderma alfalfae
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne naasi
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon kondoi
flowervagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon loti
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis trifolii maculata
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis trifolii

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

FILTER AND SORT TABLE

To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 18.x.2020