Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Melilotus albus

white melilot

synonym: Melilotus alba

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorBraconidaeAphidius ervi
stemborerUnknown code!TortricidaeGrapholita compositella
leafvagrantGeometridaeIsturgia arenacearia
leafvagrantPieridaeColias croceus
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCupido argiades
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
flowervagrantLycaenidaeGlaucopsyche alexis
leafvagrantLycaenidaePlebejus idas
leafvagrantPieridaeColias hyale
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera miles
unknownunknownCurculionidaeTychius bicolor
fruitgallunknown on Melilotus albus
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
flowerhiddenThripidaeOdontothrips melioti
rootscalePseudococcidaeAtrococcus achilleae
leafhiddenCrambidaeNomophila noctuella
leafleaf spotHelotialesPseudopeziza meliloti
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lineatus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona puncticollis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona cylindricollis
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius junceus
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe pisi var. pisi
rootborerCurculionidaeHylastinus obscurus
stemborerApionidaeStenopterapion meliloti
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza submetallescens
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora trifolii
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis comosa
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia spec. on Melilotus
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius breviusculus
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius meliloti
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe trifoliorum
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora meliloti
leafgallCurculionidaeTychius crassirostris
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza frontella
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nana
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaeLiriomyza cicerina
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerGelechiidaeAproaerema anthyllidella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter medicaginella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces baeumlerianus
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
leafvagrantmainAphididaeTherioaphis riehmi
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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