Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Ononis

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantCurculionidaeDonus zoilus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeTychius longicollis
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius borowieci
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera ononidis
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis coriacanus
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafvagrantPterophoridaeMarasmarcha oxydactylus
leafvagrantPterophoridaeMarasmarcha lunaedactyla
unknownunknownGelechiidaeSyncopacma wormiella
leafminerGelechiidaeMirificarma cytisella
fruitborerPyralidaeEtiella zinckenella
leafvagrantPterophoridaeStangeia siceliota
leafhiddenGelechiidaeIwaruna biguttella
leafhiddenCrambidaeEurrhypis pollinalis
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
flowerhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia genitalana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
flowerhiddenThripidaeOdontothrips loti
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledonides lunana
stemborerTortricidaeGrapholita caecana
fruitborerPyralidaePima boisduvaliella
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia punctidactyla
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
fruitborerTortricidaeCydia microgrammana
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona inops
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona callosus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona brucki
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lineatus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona tenuis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeCharagmus griseus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lateralis
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeHolotrichapion umbrinum
flowerborerlarvaApionidaePseudoprotapion alonsochrysomimus
fruitborerlarvaApionidaeProtapion ononidis
stemborerlarvaApionidaeCatapion koestlini
fruitborerlarvaApionidaeHolotrichapion ononis
flowerborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeHemitrichapion pavidum
leafvagrantadultApionidaeCatapion burdigalense
larvaApionidaeCatapion jaffense
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis sambuci
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pilosum
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia priesneri
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia himmighoffeni
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia fibigeri
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia flavida
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia scopigera
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia albanensis
rootborerCurculionidaeHylastinus obscurus
root collarvagrantrarelyAphididaeAphis medicaginis
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza submetallescens
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia ononidis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis brunnea
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis ononidis
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeTherioaphis obscura
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria ononidis
fruitgallsummer generationCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia ononidis
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius striatulus
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria ononidistrifolii
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia ononidis
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe chouardii
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe pisi var. cruchetiana
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe trifoliorum
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula papilionacearum
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora ononidis
leafgallspring generationCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia ononidis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura columnae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza cicerina
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza lathyri
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora cartilaginella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ononidella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora spumosella
leafminerGelechiidaeAproaerema anthyllidella
leafminerGelechiidaeMirificarma cytisella
leafminerGracillariidaeParectopa ononidis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter insignitella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter medicaginella
leafminerLycaenidaePolyommatus icarus
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafminerScythrididaeScythris siccella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces bugranae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces diniensis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces natricis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces ononidis
stemborerdoubtfulCurculionidaeHypera nigrirostris
flowergallAphididaeAphis cytisorum
leafgallAphididaeMegoura viciae
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis alatina
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis ononidis
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum ononis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis trifolii
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 27.x.2020