Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ononis spinosa subsp. hircina

synonym: Ononis arvensis, hircina, intermedia, pseudohircina, semihircina, spinosa subsp. arvensis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown unknown Thripidae Aptinothrips elegans
unknown unknown Thripidae Limothrips consimilis
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia winteri
leaf vagrant Miridae Macrotylus paykullii
leaf vagrant Berytidae Gampsocoris punctipes
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
unknown unknown larva Apionidae Catapion jaffense
fruit borer Eurytomidae Bruchophagus ononis
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Marasmarcha lunaedactyla
fruit borer larva Apionidae Holotrichapion ononis
fruit borer larva Apionidae Protapion ononidis
stem borer larva Apionidae Catapion koestlini
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia albanensis
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza submetallescens
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia ononidis
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria ononidis
fruit gall summer generation Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia ononidis
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. cruchetiana
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora ononidis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura columnae
leaf gall spring generation Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia ononidis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza cicerina
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ononidella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces ononidis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Therioaphis ononidis
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum ononis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 9.x.2023