Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ononis spinosa subsp. procurrens

common restharrow

synonym: Ononis procurrens, repens, spinosa subsp. maritima

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantCicadellidaeStictocoris picturatus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeTychius longicollis
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera ononidis
leafvagrantPterophoridaeMarasmarcha lunaedactyla
leafhiddenCrambidaeEurrhypis pollinalis
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
fruitborerTortricidaeCydia microgrammana
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona inops
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeCharagmus griseus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lateralis
fruitborerlarvaApionidaeHolotrichapion ononis
fruitborerlarvaApionidaeProtapion ononidis
stemborerlarvaApionidaeCatapion koestlini
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia albanensis
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia flavida
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis trifolii
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria ononidis
fruitgallsummer generationCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia ononidis
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia ononidis
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe pisi var. cruchetiana
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora ononidis
leafgallspring generationCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia ononidis
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza cicerina
leafminerGelechiidaeAproaerema anthyllidella
leafminerGracillariidaeParectopa ononidis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter insignitella
leafminerScythrididaeScythris siccella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces ononidis
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum ononis
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis ononidis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 27.xii.2020