Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Trifolium repens

white clover

synonym: Amoria repens

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantCurculionidaeDonus zoilus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera miles
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius stephensi
flowerborerdoubtfulApionidaeProtapion nigritarse
flowergallApionidaeProtapion apricans
flowergallApionidaeProtapion assimile
flowerhiddenPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips niger
unknownunknownThripidaeThrips pelikani
flowerhiddenThripidaeSericothrips bicornis
flowerborerNitidulidaeFabogethes nigrescens
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena fornicata
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius varius
flowerhiddenCurculionidaeHypera meles
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo notha
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo arcuata
leafhiddenCrambidaeNomophila noctuella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeChionodes lugubrella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeDichomeris acuminatus
leafhiddenGelechiidaeMirificarma eburnella
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis dumetana
flowerhiddenThripidaeKakothrips robustus
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafvagrantsummer generationTortricidaeGrapholita compositella
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lineatus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona sulcifrons
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona cinnamomeus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona puncticollis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona macularius
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lepidus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona ambiguus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lineellus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona hispidulus
flowerborerlarvaApionidaeProtapion fulvipes
stemborerlarvaApionidaeIschnopterapion virens
stemborerlarvaApionidaeSynapion ebeninum
stemgallApionidaeCatapion seniculus
systemicvagrantAphididaeNearctaphis bakeri
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria ononidistrifolii
stemgalldoubtfulApionidaeProtapion varipes
flowerborerApionidaeProtapion trifolii
flowerborerApionidaeProtapion laevicolle
rootborerCurculionidaeHylastinus obscurus
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora mayrella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora alcyonipennella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius cuprifer
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius picirostris
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura gentneri
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe trifoliorum
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora trifoliorum
leafleaf spotCapnodialesCymadothea trifolii
leafleaf spotHelotialesPseudopeziza trifolii
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura trifolii
leafgallCecidomyiidaeTricholaba trifolii
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nana
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza brischkei
leafminerGelechiidaeAproaerema anthyllidella
leafminerGracillariidaeParectopa ononidis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter medicaginella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter nigrescentella
leafpustuleBlastocladialesPhysoderma trifolii
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces trifolii-repentis
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces flectens
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces trifolii
stemborerCurculionidaeHypera nigrirostris
root collargallApionidaeCatapion curtisii
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis trifolii
root collarvagrantAphididaeSubacyrthosiphon cryptobium
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis coronillae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

FILTER AND SORT TABLE

To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 30.x.2020