white clover

synonym: Amoria repens

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo arcuata
leaf hidden Crambidae Nomophila noctuella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Chionodes lugubrella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Dichomeris acuminatus
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Mirificarma eburnella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis dumetana
flower hidden Thripidae Kakothrips robustus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf vagrant summer generation Tortricidae Grapholita compositella
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineatus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona sulcifrons
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona cinnamomeus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona puncticollis
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona macularius
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lepidus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona ambiguus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineellus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona hispidulus
flower borer larva Apionidae Protapion fulvipes
stem borer larva Apionidae Ischnopterapion virens
stem borer larva Apionidae Synapion ebeninum
stem gall Apionidae Catapion seniculus
systemic vagrant Aphididae Nearctaphis bakeri
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria ononidistrifolii
stem gall doubtful Apionidae Protapion varipes
flower borer Apionidae Protapion trifolii
flower borer Apionidae Protapion laevicolle
root borer Curculionidae Hylastinus obscurus
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora mayrella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora alcyonipennella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius cuprifer
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius picirostris
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura gentneri
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora trifoliorum
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Cymadothea trifolii
leaf leaf spot Helotiales Pseudopeziza trifolii
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura trifolii
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Tricholaba trifolii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza brischkei
leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Parectopa ononidis
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter medicaginella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella
leaf pustule Blastocladiales Physoderma trifolii
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces trifolii-repentis
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces flectens
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces trifolii
stem borer Curculionidae Hypera nigrirostris
root collar gall Apionidae Catapion curtisii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Therioaphis trifolii
root collar vagrant Aphididae Subacyrthosiphon cryptobium
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis coronillae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 27.iii.2020