organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips podana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips xylosteana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura diversana
leaf oviposition scar egg Tenthredinidae Eriocampa ovata
leaf oviposition scar egg Tenthredinidae Hemichroa australis
leaf oviposition scar egg Tenthredinidae Eriocampa umbratica
leaf oviposition scar egg Tenthredinidae Hemichroa crocea
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis cerasana
leaf vagrant larva Tenthredinidae Eriocampa umbratica
leaf vagrant larva Tenthredinidae Eriocampa ovata
leaf vagrant larva Tenthredinidae Hemichroa crocea
leaf vagrant larva Tenthredinidae Hemichroa australis
stem borer Tortricidae Cydia leguminana
stem gall Hypocreales Neonectria major
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Capua vulgana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana
leaf hidden doubtful Tortricidae Acleris umbrana
leaf hidden rarely Tortricidae Acleris notana
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus californicus
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus lewisi
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus obovatus
systemic vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus lanceolatisetae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tegonotus keiferi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tegonotus borealis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria alniborealis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes alniincanae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes alniborealis
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Sierraphytoptus alnivagrans
fruit borer Stathmopodidae Stathmopoda pedella
stem borer doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia quadrimaculella
flower borer larva Curculionidae Curculio betulae
flower borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus undulatus
leaf miner Curculionidae Anoplus setulosus
leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Deporaus betulae
leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae
stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Temnocerus nanus
stem borer larva rarely Rhynchitidae Temnocerus tomentosus
leaf gall larva Attelabidae Apoderus coryli
leaf inquiline Eriophyidae Aceria nalepai
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes conchiformis
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon mesiaeformis
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon spheciformis
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria regalis
stem vagrant Psyllidae Psylla cordata
stem vagrant Psyllidae Baeopelma foersteri
stem borer Agromyzidae Phytobia cambii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Crypturaphis grassii
stem vagrant doubtful Aphididae Stomaphis quercus
root collar vagrant Aphididae Stomaphis radicidola
root collar vagrant Aphididae Stomaphis wojciechowskii
flower borer Tortricidae Epinotia immundana
flower borer Tortricidae Epinotia tenerana
flower gall Taphrinales Taphrina alni
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe penicillata
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe vernalis
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia alnicola
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Cladosporium alneum
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura tortilis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella clethrophila
leaf gall Diptilomiopidae Diptacus dipterochelus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Acalitus brevitarsus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Acalitus phyllereus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria longirostris
leaf gall Eriophyidae Epitrimerus longitarsus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes alniincanae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes euryporus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes inangulis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes laevis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Acaricalus trinotus
stem vagrant Psyllidae Psylla alni
stem vagrant Psyllidae Psylla fusca
leaf gall doubtful Taphrinales Taphrina sadebeckii
leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina tosquinetii
leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina viridis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza alnivora
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix cidarella
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix thoracella
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora alnifoliae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora binderella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora fuscocuprella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora orbitella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea
leaf miner Curculionidae Anoplus plantaris
leaf miner Curculionidae Anoplus roboris
leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges pseudostigma
leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges stigma
leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes jota
leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes testaceus
leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania alpinella
leaf miner Eriocraniidae Paracrania chrysolepidella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia elongella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia falconipennella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter alnivorella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter alpina
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter chrysella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter froelichiella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter klemannella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter rajella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter stettinensis
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter strigulatella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter suaveolentis
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter vulturella
leaf miner Heliozelidae Heliozela resplendella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella alnetella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella glutinosae
leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona paludella
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura betuleti
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa dohrnii
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa pumila
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusella nana
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Heterarthrus vagans
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Argyresthia brockeella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Argyresthia goedartella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Atemelia torquatella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsoridium betulinum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsoridium hiratsukanum
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Diptacus sacramentae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tegonotus heptacanthus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tegonotus platynaspis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tegonotus trouessarti
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes punctatus
stem borer Cerambycidae Oberea linearis
stem borer Curculionidae Cryptorhynchus lapathi
stem leaf spot Peronosporales Phytophthora alni
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
stem gall Tortricidae Epinotia tetraquetrana
stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Stomaphis quercus
stem witches’ broom Taphrinales Taphrina epiphylla
root gall Actinomycetales Frankia alni
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis alnicola
inquiline Eriophyidae Aceria bistriata
inquiline Eriophyidae Aceria alniviridis
leaf vagrant rarely Aphididae Betulaphis quadrituberculata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Boernerina depressa
stem vagrant Aphididae Clethrobius comes
stem vagrant Aphididae Glyphina jacutensis
leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Hemichroa crocea
stem vagrant Psyllidae Psylla alpina
stem scale rarely Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis
stem scale Eriococcidae Gossyparia spuria
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Glyphina betulae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Pterocallis maculata

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 1.xii.2019