Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Alnus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeAltica tamaricis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLochmaea caprea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGalerucella lineola
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera peirolerii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena interposita
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena pallida
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePlagiosterna aenea
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus longicornis
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus flavipes
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus viridipennis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeNematinus acuminatus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura respondens
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius pallipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura umbrata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo velox
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeRhogogaster scalaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura viridis
leafvagrantCimbicidaeTrichiosoma vitellina
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeNematinus bilineatus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura viridissima
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius fumipennis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeNematinus steini
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMonsoma pulveratum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeNematus latipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeNematinus fuscipennis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeNematinus luteus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeNematus alniastri
leafvagrantCimbicidaeCimbex connatus
stemborermainXiphydryiidaeXiphydria camelus
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria longicollis
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria prolongata
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria picta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo ferruginea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeRhogogaster punctulata
leafhiddendoubtfulPamphilidaePamphilius nigrifemoratus
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius kontuniemii
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius varius
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeRhogogaster chlorosoma
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePlatycampus luridiventris
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea fagella
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea lipsiella
leafhiddendoubtfulPyralidaeSalebriopsis albicilla
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia proximella
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
flowerborerTortricidaeEpinotia subuculana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLobesia reliquana
leafhiddenTortricidaeHedya nubiferana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia solandriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia sordidana
flowerborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEpinotia demarniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSpilonota ocellana
leafvagrantmainTenthredinidaeNematus septentrionalis
leafvagrantThripidaeClosterotomus fulvomaculatus
stemborerTenthredinidaeTremex fuscicornis
leafhiddenTortricidaeEulia ministrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafoviposition scareggTenthredinidaeEriocampa ovata
leafoviposition scareggTenthredinidaeHemichroa australis
leafoviposition scareggTenthredinidaeEriocampa umbratica
leafoviposition scareggTenthredinidaeHemichroa crocea
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
leafvagrantlarvaTenthredinidaeEriocampa umbratica
leafvagrantlarvaTenthredinidaeEriocampa ovata
leafvagrantlarvaTenthredinidaeHemichroa crocea
leafvagrantlarvaTenthredinidaeHemichroa australis
stemborerTortricidaeCydia leguminana
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria major
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leafhiddenTortricidaeCapua vulgana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris umbrana
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeAcleris notana
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus californicus
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus lewisi
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus obovatus
systemicvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus lanceolatisetae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegonotus keiferi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegonotus borealis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria alniborealis
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes alniincanae
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes alniborealis
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeSierraphytoptus alnivagrans
fruitborerStathmopodidaeStathmopoda pedella
stemborerdoubtfulNepticulidaeBohemannia quadrimaculella
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeCurculio betulae
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeAnthonomus undulatus
leafminerCurculionidaeAnoplus setulosus
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeDeporaus betulae
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
stemborerlarvaRhynchitidaeTemnocerus nanus
stemborerlarvararelyRhynchitidaeTemnocerus tomentosus
leafgalllarvaAttelabidaeApoderus coryli
leafinquilineEriophyidaeAceria nalepai
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes conchiformis
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon mesiaeformis
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon spheciformis
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
stemvagrantPsyllidaePsylla cordata
stemvagrantPsyllidaeBaeopelma foersteri
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytobia cambii
leafvagrantAphididaeCrypturaphis grassii
stemvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeStomaphis quercus
root collarvagrantAphididaeStomaphis radicidola
root collarvagrantAphididaeStomaphis wojciechowskii
flowerborerTortricidaeEpinotia immundana
flowerborerTortricidaeEpinotia tenerana
flowergallTaphrinalesTaphrina alni
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe penicillata
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe vernalis
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia alnicola
leafleaf spotCapnodialesCladosporium alneum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura tortilis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella clethrophila
leafgallDiptilomiopidaeDiptacus dipterochelus
leafgallEriophyidaeAcalitus brevitarsus
leafgallEriophyidaeAcalitus phyllereus
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria longirostris
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus longitarsus
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes alniincanae
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes euryporus
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes inangulis
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes laevis
leafgallEriophyidaeAcaricalus trinotus
stemvagrantPsyllidaePsylla alni
stemvagrantPsyllidaePsylla fusca
leafgalldoubtfulTaphrinalesTaphrina sadebeckii
leafgallTaphrinalesTaphrina tosquinetii
leafgallTaphrinalesTaphrina viridis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza alnivora
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix cidarella
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix thoracella
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora alnifoliae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora anatipenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora binderella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora fuscocuprella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora milvipennis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora orbitella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora serratella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora siccifolia
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora violacea
leafminerCurculionidaeAnoplus plantaris
leafminerCurculionidaeAnoplus roboris
leafminerCurculionidaeTachyerges pseudostigma
leafminerCurculionidaeTachyerges stigma
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes jota
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes testaceus
leafminerEriocraniidaeEriocrania alpinella
leafminerEriocraniidaeParacrania chrysolepidella
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia elongella
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia falconipennella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter alnivorella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter alpina
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter chrysella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter froelichiella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter klemannella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter rajella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter stettinensis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter strigulatella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter suaveolentis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter vulturella
leafminerHeliozelidaeHeliozela resplendella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria pectinea
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera malifoliella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella alnetella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella glutinosae
leafminerrarelyNepticulidaeEctoedemia minimella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona paludella
leafminerTenthredinidaeScolioneura betuleti
leafminerTenthredinidaeFenusa dohrnii
leafminerTenthredinidaeFenusa pumila
leafminerTenthredinidaeFenusella nana
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus vagans
leafminerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia brockeella
leafminerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia goedartella
leafminerYponomeutidaeAtemelia torquatella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsoridium betulinum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsoridium hiratsukanum
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeDiptacus sacramentae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegonotus heptacanthus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegonotus platynaspis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegonotus trouessarti
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes punctatus
stemborerCerambycidaeOberea linearis
stemborerCurculionidaeCryptorhynchus lapathi
stemleaf spotPeronosporalesPhytophthora alni
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
stemgallRhizobialesAgrobacterium tumefaciens
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemgallTortricidaeEpinotia tetraquetrana
stemvagrantrarelyAphididaeStomaphis quercus
stemwitches’ broomTaphrinalesTaphrina epiphylla
rootgallActinomycetalesFrankia alni
inquilineCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis alnicola
inquilineEriophyidaeAceria bistriata
inquilineEriophyidaeAceria alniviridis
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeBetulaphis quadrituberculata
leafvagrantAphididaeBoernerina depressa
stemvagrantAphididaeClethrobius comes
stemvagrantAphididaeGlyphina jacutensis
leafoviposition scarTenthredinidaeHemichroa crocea
stemvagrantPsyllidaePsylla alpina
stemscalerarelyCoccidaePulvinaria vitis
stemscaleEriococcidaeGossyparia spuria
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris
stemvagrantrarelyAphididaeGlyphina betulae
leafvagrantAphididaePterocallis maculata

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

FILTER AND SORT TABLE

To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 24.vii.2020