Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Betula

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem scale Steingeliidae Steingelia gorodetskia
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Simo hirticornis
root vagrant Curculionidae Peritelus sphaeroides
Curculionidae Phyllobius oblongus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara communis
flower hidden Thripidae Ceratothrips ericae
leaf predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips kurdjumovi
leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips melaleucus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus
leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips versicolor
leaf vagrant Geometridae Abraxas sylvata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lomaspilis marginata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ennomos fuscantaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selenia lunularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis leucophaearia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hypomecis roboraria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Angerona prunaria
leaf vagrant doubtful Sphingidae Laothoe populi
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cleora cinctaria
leaf leaf spot anamorph Gnomoniaceae Gnomonia intermedia
leaf leaf spot anamorph Melanconiaceae Melanconis stilbostoma
leaf leaf spot Helotiales incertae sedis Monostichella betularum
leaf leaf spot Gnomoniaceae Asteroma microspermum
leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Pyrenopeziza betulina
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Macroleptura thoracica
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leiopus linnei
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anisarthron barbipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Obrium cantharinum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus macropus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaglyptus mysticus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus antilope
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus capricornus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus arietis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Nivellia sanguinosa
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Paracorymbia maculicornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leptura annularis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenurella bifasciata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidulus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus ovatus
leaf hidden rarely Pyralidae Rhodophaea formosa
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Drymus brunneus
stem gall rarely Cerambycidae Saperda populnea
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Saperda scalaris
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Neoclytus acuminatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stictoleptura rubra
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Morimus asper
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus arvicola
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Aegosoma scabricorne
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus globulicollis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus stebbingi
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Plagionotus arcuatus
dead wood borer rarely Cerambycidae Molorchus minor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Deroplia genei
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Oxymirus cursor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leptura aurulenta
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Drymochares starcki
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus rusticus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Gracilia minuta
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus figuratus
stem borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus herbstii
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesosa curculionoides
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Necydalis major
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhagium sycophanta
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhagium mordax
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anoplodera rufipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus holosericeus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Lepturobosca virens
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Paracorymbia stragulata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Lepturalia nigripes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenurella nigra
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Strangalia attenuata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhagium bifasciatum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pedostrangalia revestita
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Alosterna tabacicolor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pachytodes cerambyciformis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pachytodes erraticus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Lamia textor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenocorus meridianus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Exocentrus punctipennis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leptura aethiops
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaesthetis testacea
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stictoleptura scutellata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rutpela maculata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leptura quadrifasciata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylosteus bartoni
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Aegomorphus clavipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leiopus nebulosus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus clavipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesosa nebulosa
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Exocentrus adspersus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stictoleptura cordigera
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pyrrhidium sanguineum
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus uncatus
dead wood borer rarely Cerambycidae Rhagium inquisitor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Prionus coriarius
root borer Cerambycidae Saphanus piceus
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus armenicus
leaf scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus aetnensis
stem borer Cerambycidae Plagionotus detritus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Panonychus ulmi
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Odonestis pruni
leaf hidden Tortricidae Gypsonoma imparana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis uncella
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Matilella fusca
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris roscidana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Metendothenia atropunctana
leaf hidden Pyralidae Cryptoblabes bistriga
leaf hidden Tortricidae Epinotia brunnichana
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Carpatolechia alburnella
leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Paraswammerdamia lapponica
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Ptilophora plumigera
unknown unknown Tortricidae Epinotia palmqvisti
leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia glacialis
systemic film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora cactorum
leaf leaf spot Gnomoniaceae Gloeosporium leptothyrioides
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria betulae-odoratae
leaf leaf spot Dermateaceae Marssonina betulae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria betulina
root film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora cinnamomi
stem kanker Valsaceae Anisogramma virgultorum
stem pustule Ascomycota incertae sedis Myxosporium devastans
stem pustule Botryosphaeriaceae Fusicoccum betulinum
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta betulicola
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta betulina
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta epignomonia
leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia ditricha
leaf pustule Venturiaceae Atopospora betulina
stem kanker Xylariaceae Sphaeria aristata
stem kanker Nectriaceae Nectria cinnabarina
stem kanker Nectriaceae Thyronectria coryli
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella maculiformis
stem borer Cossidae Zeuzera pyrina
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Scolopostethus decoratus
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Taphropeltus contractus
predator Torymidae Torymus nitidulus
predator Torymidae Torymus fuscicornis
stem borer Cerambycidae Anoplophora chinensis
stem borer Cerambycidae Anoplophora glabripennis
predator Eulophidae Aprostocetus elongatus
predator Eulophidae Aprostocetus luteus
predator Eulophidae Aprostocetus viridinitens
predator Eulophidae Necremnus metalarus
predator Pteromalidae Dinotiscus aponius
Pteromalidae Gastracanthus pulcherrimus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus marginalis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus lederi
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Eremocoris abietis
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Eremocoris plebejus
leaf vagrant Coreidae Syromastus rhombeus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Palomena viridissima
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygocoris rugicollis
leaf predator Miridae Deraeocoris flavilinea
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Psallus wagneri
predator Miridae Deraeocoris trifasciatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Megacoelum infusum
leaf vagrant Miridae Miris striatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Pantilius tunicatus
leaf predator Miridae Phytocoris populi
leaf predator Miridae Phytocoris reuteri
predator Pentatomidae Troilus luridus
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris confusus
leaf vagrant Miridae Globiceps juniperi
predator Miridae Campyloneura virgula
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris nemoralis
predator Miridae Pilophorus clavatus
predator Pentatomidae Rhacognathus punctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus biclavatus
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Scolopostethus affinis
leaf vagrant Miridae Globiceps salicicola
leaf vagrant main Miridae Psallus ambiguus
leaf vagrant Acanthosomatidae Elasmostethus interstinctus
leaf vagrant Acanthosomatidae Elasmucha fieberi
predator Pentatomidae Arma custos
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Pentatoma rufipes
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Psallus perrisi
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus henschi
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus flavinervis
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus graminicola
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus falleni
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Psallus haematodes
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus varians
predator Miridae Blepharidopterus angulatus
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Monosynamma bohemanni
fruit vagrant Miridae Neolygus contaminatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus betuleti
predator Miridae Heterotoma planicornis
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus montanus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus impressifrons
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus cervinus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus pilosulus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus flavipes
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus corruscus
leaf vagrant Acanthosomatidae Elasmucha grisea
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus tereticollis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus fulvicornis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus picus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus amoenus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus formosus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus inustus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus pterygomalis
leaf vagrant Acanthosomatidae Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale
fruit vagrant main Lygaeidae Kleidocerys resedae
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus tenebricosus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus marginatus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Nymphalis vaualbum
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cyclophora linearia
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus coecus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius arborator
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius glaucus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus carinatopunctatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius viridicollis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius fessus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius pyri
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius maculicornis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius argentatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus multipunctatus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Phyllobius pyri
leaf vagrant Limacodidae Apoda limacodes
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lithophane socia
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Gastropacha quercifolia
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Eriogaster catax
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Syngrapha microgamma
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Trichosea ludifica
leaf hidden younger larva Hesperiidae Pyrgus centaureae
scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus pyri
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia contigua
leaf scale doubtful Aleyrodidae Pealius quercus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia c-nigrum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Protolampra sobrina
leaf vagrant Erebidae Hyphantria cunea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia lapponaria
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Coenophila subrosea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polia nebulosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia gothica
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia cruda
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia opima
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia cerasi
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx scopolii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Diarsia mendica
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lasionycta skraelingia
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polia hepatica
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus campestris
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia incerta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia gracilis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Anorthoa munda
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ceramica pisi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia thalassina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia contigua
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia w-latinum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Brachionycha nubeculosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xylena vetusta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Allophyes oxyacanthae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ammoconia caecimacula
leaf hidden Noctuidae Eupsilia transversa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Conistra vaccinii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lithophane furcifera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Hoplodrina ambigua
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Euplexia lucipara
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia miniosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cosmia pyralina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta aceris
flower vagrant Noctuidae Tiliacea sulphurago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Enargia paleacea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cosmia trapezina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta menyanthidis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mormo maura
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Syngrapha interrogationis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra pyramidea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta alni
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta tridens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta psi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta leporina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta rumicis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Colocasia coryli
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Moma alpium
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta euphorbiae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta auricoma
leaf vagrant rarely Noctuidae Lithophane semibrunnea
leaf vagrant Nolidae Pseudoips prasinana
leaf vagrant Nolidae Nola aerugula
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Harpyia milhauseri
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Notodonta tritophus
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Pheosia tremula
leaf vagrant Erebidae Scoliopteryx libatrix
leaf vagrant Erebidae Gynaephora selenitica
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dicallomera fascelina
leaf vagrant Geometridae Biston strataria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Phigalia pilosaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Campaea margaritaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ennomos autumnaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Plagodis dolabraria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hemithea aestivaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia recens
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia antiqua
leaf vagrant Erebidae Calliteara pudibunda
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis chrysorrhoea
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Leucodonta bicoloria
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Odontosia carmelita
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Pheosia gnoma
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Ptilodon capucina
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Drymonia dodonaea
leaf vagrant doubtful Notodontidae Peridea anceps
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Notodonta ziczac
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Notodonta dromedarius
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Macrothylacia rubi
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Phalera bucephala
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Furcula furcula
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Stauropus fagi
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Eriogaster lanestris
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma neustria
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Aglia tau
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Smerinthus ocellata
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Tetheella fluctuosa
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Ochropacha duplaris
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Sabra harpagula
leaf vagrant Endromidae Endromis versicolora
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Poecilocampa populi
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Drepana falcataria
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Falcaria lacertinaria
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Watsonalla binaria
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Watsonalla uncinula
leaf vagrant Geometridae Paradarisa consonaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Parectropis similaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Aethalura punctulata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cabera pusaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cabera exanthemata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis marginaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia hirtaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia pomonaria
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Lasiocampa quercus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Glacies coracina
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Trichiura crataegi
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Eriogaster arbusculae
leaf vagrant Geometridae Apocheima hispidaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis aurantiaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ascotis selenaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ematurga atomaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lomographa bimaculata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lomographa temerata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Elophos vittaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Herminia grisealis
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Saturnia pavoniella
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Furcula bicuspis
leaf vagrant doubtful Notodontidae Furcula bifida
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Epione vespertaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ennomos quercinaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selenia dentaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selenia tetralunaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Odontopera bidentata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Colotois pennaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Biston betularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Crocallis elinguaria
leaf vagrant rarely Geometridae Cyclophora annularia
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Xanthorhoe fluctuata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Macaria alternata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera brumata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Venusia cambrica
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hydrelia sylvata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Epirrita dilutata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Epirrita christyi
leaf vagrant Geometridae Epirrita autumnata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ectropis crepuscularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera fagata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Trichopteryx carpinata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Archiearis parthenias
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes rhomboidaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Deileptenia ribeata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Alcis repandata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Alcis bastelbergeri
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hypomecis punctinalis
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi
flower vagrant Geometridae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Eulithis testata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chloroclysta siterata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chloroclysta miata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Dysstroma citrata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Dysstroma truncata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Plemyria rubiginata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Electrophaes corylata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Rheumaptera hastata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cleora cinctaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Erannis defoliaria
leaf vagrant doubtful Lycaenidae Thecla betulae
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Nymphalis antiopa
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cyclophora albipunctata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Thalera fimbrialis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lomaspilis opis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ennomos erosaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chlorissa viridata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Macaria fusca
leaf vagrant Geometridae Geometra papilionaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Jodis lactearia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Macaria notata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Plagodis pulveraria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ennomos alniaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes ilicaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Archiearis parthenias
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Mimas tiliae
stem borer Cossidae Cossus cossus
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus olivicolor
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenthredinidae Platycampus luridiventris
leaf vagrant Tingidae Physatocheila costata
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus obscuricollis
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus betuleti
stem borer Buprestidae Melanophila acuminata
stem borer Buprestidae Chrysobothris affinis
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus angustulus
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus viridis
stem borer Buprestidae Dicerca alni
stem borer Buprestidae Dicerca berolinensis
stem borer Buprestidae Dicerca furcata
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus hastulifer
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Cixius similis
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Chionodes viduella
leaf hidden Pyralidae Ortholepis betulae
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Brachyderes incanus
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Platymetopius guttatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Fagocyba cruenta
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana frustrator
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Allygus mixtus
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Allygus modestus
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Colladonus torneellus
stem vagrant adult Aphrophoridae Aphrophora alni
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Platymetopius major
leaf vagrant Issidae Issus coleoptratus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Kybos aetnicola
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Idiodonus cruentatus
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Lamprotettix nitidulus
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Speudotettix subfusculus
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Tachycixius pilosus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Kybos austriacus
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Allygidius commutatus
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Cixius cunicularius
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Cixius distinguendus
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Cixius nervosus
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Cixius stigmaticus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Linnavuoriana decempunctata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Kybos ludus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Oncopsis appendiculata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Kybos lindbergi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Oncopsis flavicollis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Oncopsis tristis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Aguriahana stellulata
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Lindbergina aurovittata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Alebra wahlbergi
stem vagrant adult Aphrophoridae Aphrophora major
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Hesium domino
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Ledra aurita
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Allygus communis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Orientus ishidae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Oncopsis subangulata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana bergmani
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina rosea
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Kybos calyculus
unknown unknown doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia auriciliella
stem borer Curculionidae Anisandrus maiche
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus attenuatus
stem borer Curculionidae Liparthrum mandibulare
stem borer Curculionidae Taphrorychus villifrons
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus monographus
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus alni
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus intricatus
stem borer Curculionidae Trypodendron domesticum
stem borer Curculionidae Trypodendron signatum
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus ratzeburgi
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus saxesenii
stem borer Curculionidae Xylosandrus germanus
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus dispar
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus urticae
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Strophosoma melanogrammum
stem borer Siricidae Tremex fuscicornis
stem borer Siricidae Tremex alchymista
stem borer Siricidae Tremex magus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Drepanothrips reuteri
leaf vagrant main Thripidae Mycterothrips consociatus
leaf vagrant doubtful Thripidae Thrips alni
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus fulvomaculatus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Mycterothrips latus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Lochmaea caprea
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Altica aenescens
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysomela lapponica
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Luperus longicornis
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Luperus luperus
leaf [
:nl]vrijlevendvagrant
adult Chrysomelidae Luperus flavipes
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Luperus viridipennis
stem borer Curculionidae Magdalis carbonaria
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo atra
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura brevivalvis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Nematinus caledonicus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura aegra
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura ampla
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura berolinensis
stem borer Xiphydryiidae Xiphydria betulae
stem borer Xiphydryiidae Xiphydria megapolitana
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura connecta
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenthredinidae Allantus cingillum
leaf vagrant Argidae Arge pullata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura vicina
stem gall rarely incertae sedis Cryptostroma corticale
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura betulae
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Rhogogaster scalaris
leaf vagrant Cimbicidae Praia taczanowskii
leaf vagrant Cimbicidae Trichiosoma vitellina
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Allantus togatus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura melanocephala
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura umbrata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura viridis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura pseudodispar
leaf vagrant Argidae Arge dimidiata
stem borer doubtful Tenthredinidae Cladius compressicornis
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenthredinidae Allantus basalis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura poecilonota
leaf vagrant Argidae Arge fuscipes
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Empria candidata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura dispar
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Empria magnicornis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Nematinus acuminatus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura cadderensis
leaf vagrant Argidae Arge metallica
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenthredinidae Empria fletcheri
leaf vagrant Cimbicidae Trichiosoma lucorum
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Nematus latipes
stem borer Xiphydryiidae Xiphydria longicollis
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenthredinidae Euura nigricornis
stem borer main Xiphydryiidae Xiphydria camelus
stem borer Xiphydryiidae Xiphydria prolongata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Rhogogaster punctulata
leaf hidden Pamphilidae Pamphilius varius
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Rhogogaster chlorosoma
leaf hidden Tortricidae Apotomis sororculana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Apotomis turbidana
leaf hidden Pamphilidae Pamphilius pallipes
leaf vagrant Cimbicidae Cimbex femoratus
leaf hidden Chimabachidae Diurnea fagella
leaf hidden Chimabachidae Diurnea lipsiella
unknown unknown Tortricidae Apotomis fraterculana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis upupana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha lacunana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Orthotaenia undulana
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Dichomeris ustalella
leaf hidden Choreutidae Choreutis diana
leaf hidden Chimabachidae Dasystoma salicella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Carpatolechia proximella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha rivulana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Apotomis betuletana
leaf hidden Elachistidae Semioscopis oculella
leaf hidden Elachistidae Semioscopis avellanella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Teleiodes wagae
flower borer Tortricidae Epinotia ramella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Lobesia reliquana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis tineana
unknown unknown Tortricidae Argyroploce concretana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips betulana
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Anacampsis blattariella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Teleiodes luculella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Pseudotelphusa paripunctella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Hedya nubiferana
leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha parenthesella
leaf hidden main Tortricidae Epinotia solandriana
leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha parenthesella
flower borer Tortricidae Pammene obscurana
flower borer Tortricidae Epinotia demarniana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Epinotia solandriana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Epinotia trigonella
leaf hidden Elachistidae Exaeretia ciniflonella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Spilonota ocellana
leaf vagrant Argidae Arge ustulata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Nematus septentrionalis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Eulia ministrana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ditula angustiorana
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dineura virididorsata
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis spectrana
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora cadma
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenthredinidae Pristiphora cincta
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora ruficornis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora melanocarpa
leaf hidden Tortricidae Syndemis musculana
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Aphelia viburniana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura hebenstreitella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips rosana
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora pseudocoactula
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora albilabris
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora borea
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips podana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips crataegana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips xylosteana
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora alpestris
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura diversana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis cinnamomeana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis corylana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis heparana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis cerasana
leaf vagrant larva Tenthredinidae Hemichroa crocea
leaf vagrant larva Tenthredinidae Hemichroa australis
leaf oviposition scar egg Tenthredinidae Hemichroa crocea
leaf oviposition scar egg Tenthredinidae Hemichroa australis
stem gall Hypocreales Neonectria ditissima
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Capua vulgana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana
leaf hidden doubtful Tortricidae Neosphaleroptera nubilana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Tortricodes alternella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris lipsiana
leaf hidden doubtful Tortricidae Acleris emargana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris logiana
leaf hidden doubtful Tortricidae Acleris notana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
leaf hidden doubtful Tortricidae Ptycholomoides aeriferana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus megacrinis
inquiline Eriophyidae Eriophyes betulinus
leaf miner younger larva Adelidae Nemophora bellela
flower borer larva Curculionidae Coeliodinus phrymos
flower borer larva Curculionidae Coeliodinus nigritarsis
flower borer larva doubtful Curculionidae Curculio betulae
flower borer larva Curculionidae Curculio rubidus
leaf miner larva main Rhynchitidae Caenorhinus mannerheimii
leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae
leaf gall larva main Rhynchitidae Deporaus betulae
stem gall Prodoxidae Lampronia fuscatella
stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Temnocerus nanus
stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Temnocerus longiceps
stem borer Yponomeutidae Argyresthia glaucinella
stem borer Yponomeutidae Argyresthia retinella
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Caliroa annulipes
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora testacea
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
stem gall rarely Sesiidae Paranthrene tabaniformis
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon vespiformis
stem borer main Sesiidae Synanthedon culiciformis
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon spuleri
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon scoliaeformis
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon spheciformis
stem borer Psilidae Chyliza leptogaster
stem vagrant Psyllidae Chamaepsylla hartigii
stem vagrant Psyllidae Psylla betulae
stem vagrant Psyllidae Psylla betulaenanae
root collar vagrant Aphididae Stomaphis radicidola
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Semudobia betulae
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Semudobia tarda
flower borer Tortricidae Epinotia bilunana
flower borer Tortricidae Epinotia immundana
flower gall Apionidae Betulapion simile
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Semudobia skuhravae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura fastidiosa
flower gall Tortricidae Cochylis nana
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Acalitus calycophthirus
leaf miner>borer Heliozelidae Heliozela hammoniella
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe ornata
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia betulae
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera erineophila
leaf leaf spot Venturiales Fusicladium scribnerianum
leaf gall Aphididae Calaphis betulicola
leaf gall Aphididae Hamamelistes betulinus
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Anisostephus betulinus
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Resseliella betulicola
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Massalongia bachmaieri
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Massalongia betulifolia
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Massalongia rubra
leaf gall Eriophyidae Acalitus longisetosus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Acalitus notolius
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria fennica
leaf gall Eriophyidae Acalitus rudis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Cecidophyopsis betulae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria vinosa
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes leionotus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes lissonotus
leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina bacteriosperma
leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina betulae
leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina carnea
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza alnibetulae
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix demaryella
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix thoracella
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora alnifoliae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora betulella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora binderella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora cornutella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora fuscocuprella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora orbitella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea
leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus pulicarius
leaf miner Curculionidae Anoplus plantaris
leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges pseudostigma
leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges stigma
leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes jota
leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes rusci
leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes calceatus
leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania cicatricella
leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania salopiella
leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania sangii
leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania semipurpurella
leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania sparrmannella
leaf miner Eriocraniidae Heringocrania unimaculella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia betulicola
leaf miner main Gracillariidae Caloptilia populetorum
leaf miner doubtful Gracillariidae Caloptilia suberinella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae
leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix loganella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix polygrammella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix traugotti
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter anderidae
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cavella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter ulmifoliella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea
leaf miner Incurvariidae Phylloporia bistrigella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella
leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Stigmella alnetella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella betulicola
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella confusella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lapponica
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella luteella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella naturnella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sakhalinella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella tristis
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf miner Roeslerstammiidae Roeslerstammia erxlebella
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura betuleti
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura vicina
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa pumila
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusella nana
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Heterarthrus nemoratus
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Profenusa thomsoni
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Swammerdamia caesiella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Swammerdamia passerella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Argyresthia brockeella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Argyresthia goedartella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Atemelia torquatella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsoridium betulinum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Euceraphis betulae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Hormaphis betulae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Acaphylla acromia
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus subacromius
stem borer Agromyzidae Phytobia betulivora
stem borer doubtful Agromyzidae Phytobia cambii
stem borer Curculionidae Cryptorhynchus lapathi
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem scale Diaspididae Epidiaspis leperii
stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
stem gall Tortricidae Epinotia tetraquetrana
stem vagrant Aphididae Symydobius oblongus
stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Stomaphis quercus
stem vagrant Aphididae Glyphina betulae
stem witches’ broom Taphrinales Taphrina betulina
stem witches’ broom Taphrinales Taphrina nana
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Dasineura betuleti
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Dasineura interbracta
inquiline Eriophyidae Cecidophyopsis vermiformis
leaf vagrant main Aphididae Betulaphis brevipilosa
leaf vagrant Aphididae Betulaphis quadrituberculata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Callipterinella tuberculata
stem scale rarely Coccidae Palaeolecanium bituberculatum
stem vagrant Aphididae Clethrobius comes
leaf vagrant Aphididae Euceraphis punctipennis
stem vagrant doubtful Aphididae Glyphina jacutensis
leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Hemichroa crocea
leaf vagrant Aphididae Monaphis antennata
stem vagrant Aphididae Symydobius nanae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Callipterinella calliptera
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
flower vagrant Aphididae Callipterinella minutissima
leaf vagrant Aphididae Calaphis flava
leaf vagrant Aphididae Betulaphis pelei
leaf vagrant Aphididae Calaphis arctica
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

FILTER AND SORT TABLE

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 3.ii.2024