Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Carpinus betulus

hornbeam

synonym: Carpinus caucasica

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerCurculionidaeErnoporicus fagi
stemborerCurculionidaeLymantor coryli
stemborerCurculionidaeTaphrorychus bicolor
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus attenuatus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus intricatus
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron domesticum
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus monographus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus mali
stemborerCurculionidaeTaphrorychus villifrons
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus carpini
stemborerrarelyCurculionidaeScolytus scolytus
stemborerCurculionidaeXylosandrus germanus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus pruni
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus carpini
stemborerSiricidaeTremex fuscicornis
stemborerSiricidaeTremex magus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips minutissimus
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips setinodis
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeOchrosis ventralis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeNematus brischkei
leafvagrantArgidaeSterictiphora longicornis
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius marginatus
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeNematinus fuscipennis
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus macedoniensis
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea fagella
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea lipsiella
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium tiliae
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus aceris
leafhiddenGelechiidaeDichomeris ustalella
leafhiddenElachistidaeSemioscopis avellanella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeTeleiodes wagae
leafhiddenTortricidaeLobesia reliquana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeTeleiodes luculella
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeDeporaus betulae
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha parenthesella
leafhiddenCrambidaeAgrotera nemoralis
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis consimilana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis corylana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria ditissima
leafhiddenTortricidaeCapua vulgana
leafhiddenTortricidaeTortricodes alternella
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris umbrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris sparsana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris variegana
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeAleimma loeflingiana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria carpini
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops centaureae
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeDiptacus mazuriensis
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeDiptacus sulcatus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus ulae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegnacus unicornutus
fruitborerlarvaApionidaeTrichopterapion holosericeum
leafgalllarvaAttelabidaeApoderus coryli
leafscaleAleyrodidaePealius quercus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia afer
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon spuleri
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
stemborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella quercivora
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria vitis
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia trotteri
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe arcuata
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia carpini
leafleaf spotHelotialesCristulariella depraedans
leafgallCecidomyiidaeAschistonyx carpinicolus
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia carpini
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura ruebsaameni
leafgallCecidomyiidaeZygiobia carpini
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenella
leafgallEriophyidaeAculops macrotrichus
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes compressus
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix thoracella
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora anatipenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora binderella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora currucipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora fuscocuprella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora milvipennis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora orbitella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora siccifolia
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora serratella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora violacea
leafminerEriocraniidaeParacrania chrysolepidella
leafminerGracillariidaeParornix carpinella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter endryella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter messaniella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter tenerella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria masculella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria oehlmanniella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria pectinea
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella carpinella
leafminerrarelyNepticulidaeStigmella floslactella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella microtheriella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsoridium carpini
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus betuli
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus comatus
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes carpini
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegonotus depressus
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria ditissima
stemgallrarelyLoranthaceaeLoranthus europaeus
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemwitches’ broomTaphrinalesTaphrina carpini
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzocallis carpini

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 17.xi.2020