Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Fagus sylvatica

beech

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerTenthredinidaeTremex fuscicornis
stemborerTenthredinidaeTremex magus
rootvagrantCurculionidaeStrophosoma capitatum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura fagi
leafvagrantCimbicidaeCimbex fagi
leafhiddenPeleopodidaeCarcina quercana
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea fagella
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea lipsiella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis mitterbacheriana
stemscaleDiaspididaeTargionia vitis
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus aceris
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium tiliae
leafhiddenGelechiidaeDichomeris ustalella
fruitborerTortricidaePammene herrichiana
leafhiddenGelechiidaePseudotelphusa paripunctella
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha parenthesella
fruitborerTortricidaePammene fasciana
leafhiddenTortricidaeStrophedra weirana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis corylana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
fruitborermainTortricidaeCydia fagiglandana
stemborerTortricidaeCydia leguminana
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria punicea
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria coccinea
stemscalerarelyDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus zonatus
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis rurinana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris sparsana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris ferrugana
inquilineEriophyidaeAceria maculifer
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus fagisylvaticus
stemvagrantEriophyidaeCupacarus fagifoliae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus breviseta
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus fagifoliae
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus gracilipes
inquilineEriophyidaeEpitrimerus fagi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAcaphyllisa fagi
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeCheiracus ornatus
leafleaf spotmainDothidealesPseudodidymella fagi
fruitborerTortricidaeCydia amplana
leafgalllarvamainRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeDeporaus betulae
leafgalllarvaAttelabidaeApoderus coryli
stemborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia semitestacella
leafscaleAleyrodidaePealius quercus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCaliroa annulipes
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia orbicularis
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon vespiformis
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon spuleri
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
stemminerNepticulidaeZimmermannia liebwerdella
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia fagi
leafdownrarelyErysiphalesErysiphe alphitoides
leafleaf spotHelotialesCristulariella depraedans
leafgallAphididaePhyllaphis fagi
leafgallCecidomyiidaeHartigiola annulipes
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMikiola cristata
leafgallCecidomyiidaePhegomyia fagicola
leafgallDiaporthalesApiognomonia errabunda
leafgallEriophyidaeAcalitus plicans
leafgallEriophyidaeAcalitus stenaspis
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria nervisequa
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes durmitorensis
leafgallEriophyidaeMonochetus sulcatus
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix thoracella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora currucipennella
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes fagi
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia alchimiella
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia robustella
leafminerGracillariidaeParornix fagivora
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter maestingella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter messaniella
leafminermainIncurvariidaeIncurvaria koerneriella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria masculella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria oehlmanniella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella hemargyrella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella tityrella
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus fagacis
stemgallAphididaeLachnus pallipes
stemgallEriococcidaeCryptococcus fagisuga
inquilineCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis fagicola
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMikiola fagi
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 17.v.2020