Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Fagus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips phyllophilus
flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips bicolor
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips calcaratus
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips subtilissimus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Mycterothrips albidicornis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Plagodis dolabraria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ennomos erosaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia hirtaria
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus macropus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus figuratus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Necydalis ulmi
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pidonia lurida
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Grammoptera ruficornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Paracorymbia tesserula
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Oplosia cinerea
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenostola ferrea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Abraxas grossulariata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Abraxas sylvata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Macroleptura thoracica
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leptura quadrifasciata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus glabromaculatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leiopus linnei
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylosteus kadleci
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Evodinus clathratus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anisarthron barbipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Poecilium lividum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus clavicornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus sartor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leptorhabdium caucasicum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylosteus caucasicola
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Niphona picticornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaesthetis testacea
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Acanthocinus xanthoneurus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leiopus femoratus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Saperda scalaris
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Neoclytus acuminatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Isotomus barbarae
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylosteus spinolae
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stictoleptura fontenayi
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Grammoptera ustulata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Morimus asper
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesosa nebulosa
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhamnusium graecum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidulus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Strangalia attenuata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenostola dubia
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhagium bifasciatum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Cortodera humeralis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus pallidus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rutpela maculata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus arvicola
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus arietis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pseudosphegesthes cinerea
dead wood borer doubtful Cerambycidae Ropalopus ungaricus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhamnusium bicolor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anoplodera rufipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anoplodera sexguttata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pseudovadonia livida
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhaesus serricollis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stictoleptura scutellata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stictoleptura erythroptera
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Paracorymbia maculicornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Paracorymbia stragulata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenocorus meridianus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pedostrangalia revestita
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Alosterna tabacicolor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pachytodes cerambyciformis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pachytodes erraticus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pedostrangalia pubescens
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenurella melanura
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenurella nigra
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leiopus nebulosus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Exocentrus adspersus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Aegomorphus clavipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Paracorymbia fulva
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stromatium auratum
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx welensii
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx miles
stem borer Cerambycidae Penichroa fasciata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Necydalis major
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaglyptus gibbosus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus fagi
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhagium sycophanta
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhagium mordax
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaglyptus mysticus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Neopiciella sicula
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Callimus angulatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rosalia alpina
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus rusticus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus antilope
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Oligonychus bicolor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Plagionotus arcuatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Aegosoma scabricorne
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Prionus coriarius
dead wood borer rarely Cerambycidae Rhagium inquisitor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus holosericeus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus budensis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus kaehleri
root borer Cerambycidae Saphanus piceus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Isotomus speciosus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Callimus abdominalis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus clavipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pyrrhidium sanguineum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Phymatodes testaceus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Poecilium pusillum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Oxymirus cursor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leptura aurulenta
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesosa curculionoides
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Drymochares truquii
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Drymochares starcki
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera tassi
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus urticae
leaf down Erysiphaceae Phyllactinia roboris
stem borer Curculionidae Gasterocercus depressirostris
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Tiliacea cypreago
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher
leaf vagrant Geometridae Biston strataria
root vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus singularis
root scale Ortheziidae Newsteadia floccosa
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Ptilophora plumigera
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella
leaf vagrant Geometridae Asthena albulata
root film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora syringae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia unterseheri
root film Xylariaceae Rosellinia quercina
stem gall Hypocreales Neonectria ditissima
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta fagi
systemic film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora cactorum
systemic film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora cambivora
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Asteromella maculiformis
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta faginea
leaf leaf spot Gnomoniaceae Discula umbrinella
stem kanker Xylariaceae Biscogniauxia mediterranea
stem kanker Nectriaceae Nectria cinnabarina
root film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora cinnamomi
stem gall Diaporthales Cryphonectria parasitica
root film Xylariaceae Dematophora necatrix
systemic film Pythiaceae Globisporangium debaryanum
stem borer Cossidae Zeuzera pyrina
leaf vagrant Acanthosomatidae Elasmostethus interstinctus
leaf vagrant rarely Acanthosomatidae Elasmucha grisea
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Taphropeltus contractus
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris tiliae
predator Miridae Campyloneura virgula
leaf predator Miridae Deraeocoris serenus
leaf predator Miridae Blepharidopterus angulatus
stem predator Anthocoridae Temnostethus gracilis
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus ambiguus
predator Anthocoridae Temnostethus pusillus
predator Anthocoridae Orius horvathi
predator Pentatomidae Pinthaeus sanguinipes
predator Miridae Campyloneura virgula
leaf vagrant Miridae Grypocoris syriacus
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris varipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus picturatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Saundersiella moerens
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Odontoplatys bidentulus
leaf vagrant Acanthosomatidae Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale
leaf vagrant Miridae Mimocoris rugicollis
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Phytocoris hirsutulus
leaf predator Miridae Globiceps sphaegiformis
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris confusus
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Scolopostethus affinis
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris longipennis
flower vagrant rarely Lygaeidae Gastrodes abietum
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris tiliae
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris dimidiatus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Pentatoma rufipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus varians
stem vagrant Pentatomidae Palomena prasina
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Palomena viridissima
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris meridionalis
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus varians
predator Miridae Deraeocoris lutescens
predator Miridae Heterotoma planicornis
predator Miridae Heterotoma diversipes
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Rhyparochromus vulgaris
leaf vagrant Miridae Cyllecoris histrionius
leaf vagrant Miridae Phylus melanocephalus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus impressifrons
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus pilosulus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus tereticollis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus fulvicornis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus picus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus mollis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus cervinus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Phyllobius argentatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus carinatopunctatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus multipunctatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus obsidianus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius argentatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus reichi
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus marginatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus pterygomalis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus prasinus
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Kleidocerys resedae
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cabera exanthemata
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia guttata
leaf vagrant Limacodidae Apoda limacodes
stem borer Cerambycidae Parmena balteus
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus campestris
leaf vagrant Erebidae Hyphantria cunea
predator Cecidomyiidae Arthrocnodax fagi
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx scopolii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia cruda
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia cerasi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Anorthoa munda
stem borer rarely Cerambycidae Cerambyx cerdo
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia miniosa
flower vagrant Noctuidae Tiliacea sulphurago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Jodia croceago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Conistra erythrocephala
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cosmia trapezina
flower vagrant Noctuidae Tiliacea aurago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Agrochola macilenta
leaf hidden Noctuidae Eupsilia transversa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Asteroscopus sphinx
leaf vagrant rarely Noctuidae Griposia aprilina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra pyramidea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra perflua
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Moma alpium
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta alni
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta psi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta auricoma
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips crataegana
leaf vagrant rarely Nolidae Bena bicolorana
leaf vagrant Nolidae Pseudoips prasinana
leaf vagrant Erebidae Callimorpha dominula
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Nycteola columbana
leaf vagrant Nolidae Nola confusalis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Nycteola columbana
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Colocasia coryli
leaf vagrant Geometridae Apocheima hispidaria
leaf vagrant Nolidae Nola confusalis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia antiqua
leaf vagrant Erebidae Calliteara pudibunda
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis similis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Arctornis l-nigrum
leaf vagrant Erebidae Lymantria monacha
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hypomecis roboraria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Fagivorina arenaria
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Parectropis similaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Campaea margaritaria
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Watsonalla cultraria
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Watsonalla binaria
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Watsonalla uncinula
leaf vagrant doubtful Drepanidae Sabra harpagula
leaf vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia irriguata
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Poecilocampa populi
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lomographa bimaculata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hypomecis punctinalis
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Phyllodesma tremulifolia
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Odonestis pruni
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Aglia tau
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Phalera bucephala
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Furcula furcula
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Stauropus fagi
leaf vagrant doubtful Notodontidae Peridea anceps
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Drymonia dodonaea
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Drymonia querna
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Drymonia melagona
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Harpyia milhauseri
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Ptilodon capucina
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis aurantiaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis marginaria
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Lomaspilis marginata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selenia lunularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Crocallis elinguaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Colotois pennaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Biston betularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Phigalia pilosaria
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Nothocasis rosariae
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ectropis crepuscularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chloroclysta siterata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Electrophaes corylata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hydriomena furcata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Epirrita dilutata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Epirrita christyi
leaf vagrant Geometridae Deileptenia ribeata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Alcis repandata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera brumata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera fagata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Erannis defoliaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula floslactata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Macaria alternata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ennomos quercaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ennomos quercinaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cyclophora linearia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Geometra papilionaria
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Rhagades pruni
stem borer Curculionidae Platypus cylindrus
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia cichorii
stem borer Buprestidae Chrysobothris affinis
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus biguttatus
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus angustulus
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus sulcicollis
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus graminis
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus olivicolor
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus viridis
stem borer rarely Buprestidae Lamprodila mirifica
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera degener
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella flavofasciata
stem borer Buprestidae Dicerca aenea
stem borer Buprestidae Dicerca alni
stem borer Buprestidae Eurythyrea quercus
stem borer Buprestidae Melanophila acuminata
stem borer Buprestidae Coraebus undatus
stem borer Buprestidae Dicerca berolinensis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina angusta
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana frustrator
stem vagrant Issidae Issus muscaeformis
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Idiodonus cruentatus
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Cixius distinguendus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Fagocyba cruenta
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Ledra aurita
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Alebra viridis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana flavescens
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Orientus ishidae
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Lindbergina aurovittata
stem borer Curculionidae Dryocoetes villosus
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus brevicollis
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus attenuatus
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus carpini
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus dryographus
stem borer Curculionidae Lymantor coryli
stem borer Curculionidae Hylesinus fraxini
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus monographus
stem borer Curculionidae Ernoporicus fagi
stem borer Curculionidae Taphrorychus bicolor
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus saxesenii
stem borer Curculionidae Dryocoetes alni
stem borer Curculionidae Saliciphilus ramicola
stem borer Curculionidae Taphrorychus villifrons
stem borer Curculionidae Trypodendron domesticum
stem borer Curculionidae Trypodendron domesticum
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus intricatus
stem borer Curculionidae Trypodendron signatum
stem borer rarely Curculionidae Scolytus rugulosus
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus saxesenii
stem borer Curculionidae Xylosandrus germanus
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus dispar
stem gall unknown on Fagus sylvatica
leaf bud hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips inconsequens
flower hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips picipes
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips setinodis
stem borer Siricidae Tremex fuscicornis
stem borer Siricidae Tremex magus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Dendrothrips degeeri
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Luperus viridipennis
root vagrant Curculionidae Strophosoma capitatum
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura fagi
leaf vagrant Cimbicidae Cimbex fagi
leaf hidden Peleopodidae Carcina quercana
leaf hidden Chimabachidae Diurnea fagella
leaf hidden Chimabachidae Diurnea lipsiella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis mitterbacheriana
stem scale Diaspididae Targionia vitis
stem scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus aceris
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha lacunana
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Dichomeris ustalella
fruit borer Tortricidae Pammene herrichiana
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Pseudotelphusa paripunctella
leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha parenthesella
fruit borer Tortricidae Pammene fasciana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Strophedra weirana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Eulia ministrana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Aphelia paleana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips xylosteana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips podana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura diversana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis corylana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis heparana
fruit borer main Tortricidae Cydia fagiglandana
stem borer Tortricidae Cydia leguminana
stem gall Hypocreales Neonectria punicea
stem gall Hypocreales Neonectria coccinea
stem scale rarely Diaspididae Diaspidiotus zonatus
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ptycholoma lecheana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis rurinana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris sparsana
leaf hidden doubtful Tortricidae Acleris ferrugana
inquiline Eriophyidae Aceria maculifer
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Calepitrimerus fagisylvaticus
stem vagrant Eriophyidae Cupacarus fagifoliae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus breviseta
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus fagifoliae
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus gracilipes
inquiline Eriophyidae Epitrimerus fagi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Acaphyllisa fagi
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Cheiracus ornatus
leaf leaf spot main Dothideales Pseudodidymella fagi
fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia amplana
leaf gall larva main Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae
leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Deporaus betulae
leaf gall larva Attelabidae Apoderus coryli
stem borer Yponomeutidae Argyresthia semitestacella
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Pealius quercus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia carpini
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Caliroa annulipes
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia orbicularis
stem gall rarely Sesiidae Paranthrene tabaniformis
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon vespiformis
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon spuleri
stem borer Psilidae Chyliza leptogaster
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria regalis
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria hydrangeae
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis
stem miner Nepticulidae Zimmermannia liebwerdella
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia fagi
leaf down rarely Erysiphales Erysiphe alphitoides
leaf leaf spot Helotiales Cristulariella depraedans
leaf gall Aphididae Phyllaphis fagi
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Hartigiola annulipes
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Mikiola cristata
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Mikiola orientalis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Phegomyia fagicola
leaf gall Diaporthales Apiognomonia errabunda
leaf gall Eriophyidae Acalitus plicans
leaf gall Eriophyidae Acalitus stenaspis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria nervisequa
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes durmitorensis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Monochetus sulcatus
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix thoracella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella
leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes fagi
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia alchimiella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia robustella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix fagivora
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter maestingella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter messaniella
leaf miner main Incurvariidae Incurvaria koerneriella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria oehlmanniella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hemargyrella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella tityrella
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus fagacis
stem gall Aphididae Lachnus pallipes
stem gall Eriococcidae Cryptococcus fagisuga
predator Cecidomyiidae Arthrocnodax gemmarum
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis fagicola
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Mikiola fagi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 20.ix.2023