kermes oak

synonym: Quercus calliprinos, mesto, palaestina, palestina, pseudoccifera

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria quercuscocciferae
stem scale Kermesidae Nidularia pulvinata
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleuroviggianus halperini
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleuroviggianus polymorphus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleuroviggianus zonalus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleuroviggianus adanaensis
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleuroviggianus graecus
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Asterodiaspis minor
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Asterodiaspis variolosa
stem scale Kermesidae Kermes echinatus
stem scale Kermesidae Kermes vermilio
flower gall sexual generation Cynipidae Andricus cecconii
leaf bud gall sexual generation Cynipidae Plagiotrochus razeti
root gall agamous generation Cynipidae Plagiotrochus razeti
stem scale Diaspididae Chionaspis lepineyi
leaf bud gall sexual generation Cynipidae Andricus hispanicus
root gall agamous generation Cynipidae Andricus quercusradicis
leaf gall sexual generation Cynipidae Andricus quercusradicis
leaf bud gall Cynipidae Andricus quercustozae
leaf gall agamous generation Cynipidae Neuroterus anthracinus
leaf gall agamous generation Cynipidae Cynips disticha
leaf gall sexual generation Cynipidae Neuroterus albipes
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia subulifex
leaf gall Cynipidae Andricus schroeckingeri
stem gall Cynipidae Plagiotrochus fonscolombei
stem gall Aphididae Lachnus pallipes
stem vagrant Aphididae Lachnus iliciphilus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzocallis cocciferina
stem miner doubtful Nepticulidae Zimmermannia hispanica
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzocallis komareki
leaf vagrant Aphididae Hoplocallis picta
flower gall Cynipidae Plagiotrochus cardiguensis
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia cocciferae
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Phyllodiplosis cocciferae
leaf bud gall Cynipidae Plagiotrochus britaniae
leaf bud gall Cynipidae Plagiotrochus panteli
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia ilicis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dryomyia cocciferae
leaf gall Cynipidae Andricus luisieri
leaf gall Cynipidae Plagiotrochus coriaceus
leaf gall sexual generation Cynipidae Plagiotrochus australis
leaf gall sexual generation Cynipidae Plagiotrochus quercusilicis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria ilicis
leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina caerulescens
leaf miner doubtful Curculionidae Orchestes hirtellus
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter belotella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cocciferella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter endryella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter gerfriedi
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter olympica
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quercus
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter rebimbasi
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia algeriensis
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia alnifoliae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia andalusiae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia caradjai
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia coscoja
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia haraldi
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia hendrikseni
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia ilicis
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia pseudoilicis
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia suberis
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella cocciferae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella suberivora
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Cronartium quercuum
leaf vagrant spring generation Phylloxeridae Phylloxera quercus
stem borer Cynipidae Plagiotrochus vilageliui
stem borer agamous generation Cynipidae Plagiotrochus australis
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia luteola
stem gall Cynipidae Plagiotrochus gallaeramulorum
stem gall agamous generation Cynipidae Plagiotrochus quercusilicis
systemic vagrant Aphididae Thelaxes suberi
stem vagrant Aphididae Lachnus roboris

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 19.ix.2019