Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Quercus faginea

synonym: Quercus lusitanica subsp. faginea

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
inquilineCynipidaeSynergus radiatus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeGlyptacus fagineae
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes avellanae
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeCurculio elephas
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeCurculio pellitus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeCurculio venosus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeCurculio glandium
leaf budgallCynipidaeAndricus quercustozae
stemgallAphididaeLachnus pallipes
leafvagrantAphididaeTuberculatus eggleri
leafvagrantAphididaeHoplocallis picta
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzocallis boerneri
fruitboreragamous generationCynipidaeCallirhytis glandium
fruitboreragamous generationCynipidaeCallirhytis rufescens
fruitgallCynipidaeAndricus pictus
flowergallagamous generationCynipidaeNeuroterus politus
flowergallsexual generationCynipidaeAndricus foecundatrix
flowergallsexual generationCynipidaeAndricus malpighii
flowergallsexual generationCynipidaeAndricus quercusramuli
leaf budgallagamous generationCynipidaeAndricus curvator
leaf budgallagamous generationCynipidaeAndricus foecundatrix
leaf budgallagamous generationCynipidaeAndricus malpighii
leaf budgallagamous generationCynipidaeAndricus pseudoinflator
leaf budgallsexual generationCynipidaeAndricus hispanicus
leaf budgallsexual generationCynipidaeBiorhiza pallida
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe alphitoides
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia orbicularis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeJanetia panteli
leafgallCynipidaeTrigonaspis mendesi
leafgallsexual generationCynipidaeAndricus curvator
leafgallsexual generationCynipidaeAndricus quercusradicis
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix ulmella
leafminerGracillariidaeAcrocercops brongniardella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter barbarella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter harrisella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter quercifoliella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter roboris
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia albifasciella
leafminerdoubtfulNepticulidaeEctoedemia contorta
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia heringi
leafminerrarelyNepticulidaeEctoedemia suberis
leafminerTischeriidaeTischeria decidua
leafminerTischeriidaeTischeria dodonaea
leafminerTischeriidaeTischeria ekebladella
stemborersexual generationCynipidaeCallirhytis rufescens
stemgallsexual generationCynipidaeAndricus pseudoinflator
rootgallagamous generationCynipidaeAndricus quercusradicis
leafvagrantAphididaeTuberculatus annulatus
systemicvagrantAphididaeThelaxes suberi
leafvagrantAphididaeThelaxes dryophila
stemvagrantAphididaeLachnus roboris
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzocallis castanicola


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 28.xi.2019