Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Juglans nigra

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Aphididae Monelliopsis caryae
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus varius
stem scale Coccidae Palaeolecanium bituberculatum
stem kanker Juglanconidaceae Juglanconis appendiculata
stem kanker Juglanconidaceae Juglanconis juglandina
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus sayedi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Orientus ishidae
stem borer Curculionidae Dryocoetes himalayensis
stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa
leaf miner Heliozelidae Coptodisca juglandiella
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria brachytarsus
fruit gall Tephritidae Rhagoletis completa
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chromaphis juglandicola
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 8.ix.2023