Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Euphorbia cyparissias

cypress spurge

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeThalera fimbrialis
leafvagrantTingidaeOncochila scapularis
leafvagrantTingidaeOncochila simplex
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia praetiosa
flowerhiddenmainAeolothripidaeMelanthrips ficalbii
flowerhiddenAeolothripidaeMelanthrips pallidior
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona lacertosa
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona cyparissiae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona abdominalis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona pygmaea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona delicatula
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona atrocaerulea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona venustula
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona euphorbiae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona ovata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona flava
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya teutona
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo solitaria
leafhiddenTortricidaeLobesia euphorbiana
leafhiddenPyralidaeDenticera divisella
leaf budhiddenThripidaeAnaphothrips euphorbiae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops euphorbiae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia paveli
flowervagrantAphididaeAphis esulae
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia leucopsiformis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia empiformis
stemborerCurculionidaeThamnurgus euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis tirucallis
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis hillerislambersi
systemicgallEriophyidaeEriophyes euphorbiae
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura capsulae
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura euphorbiarum
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeSpurgia euphorbiae
leafdownErysiphalesFibroidium cyparissiae
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera euphorbiae
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora cyparissiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza balcanica
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesAecidium euphorbiae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces anthyllidis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces cytisi-sessilifolii
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces fischeri-eduardi
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces genistae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces hippocrepidis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces jordianus
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces laburni
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces onobrychidis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces pisi
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces punctatus
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces sarothamni
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces striatus
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces viciae-craccae
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora euphorbiae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces scutellatus
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces striolatus
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces alpestris
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces kalmusii
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes euphorbiae
root collargallmainAnthomyiidaePegomya euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon cyparissiae
stemvagrantmainAphididaeAphis euphorbiae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 5.v.2021