Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Euphorbia

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeThalera fimbrialis
leafvagrantSphingidaeHyles nicaea
leafvagrantSphingidaeHyles euphorbiae
unknownunknownCurculionidaeDichromacalles rolletii
stemborerdoubtfulCurculionidaeCisurgus ragusae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona perrisi
root collarborerTortricidaeEndothenia quadrimaculana
fruitborerEurytomidaeBruchophagus bajariae
unknownunknownEurytomidaeEurytoma ascendens
unknownunknownEurytomidaeEurytoma cebennica
unknownunknownEurytomidaeEurytoma jaltica
unknownunknownEurytomidaeEurytoma euphorbicola
unknownunknownEurytomidaeEurytoma paraliae
unknownunknownEurytomidaeEurytoma tumida
unknownunknownEurytomidaeEurytoma fumipennis
unknownunknownEurytomidaeEurytoma scalaris
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera plagiata
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella adspersula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAsianidia melliferae
leafvagrantTingidaeOncochila scapularis
leafvagrantTingidaeOncochila simplex
stemborerCurculionidaeThamnurgus caucasicus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona moralesi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona occidentalis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona paivana
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona gomerensis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona tristis
stemborerCurculionidaeHypothenemus eruditus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona convexior
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona wachnitzae
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum aeonii
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum wollastoni
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum bicinctum
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum euphorbiae
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum canariense
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum mairei
stemborerCurculionidaeColeobothrus alluaudi
stemborerCurculionidaeTriotemnus subretusus
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum canescens
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum jubae
stemborerCurculionidaeLiparthrum bicaudatum
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum pygmaeum
stemborerCurculionidaeColeobothrus luridus
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum piscatorium
stemborerCurculionidaeLiparthrum mandibulare
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum bicolor
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum glabrum
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum subglabrum
stemborerCurculionidaeLiparthrum inarmatum
stemborerCurculionidaeLiparthrum lowei
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum armatum
stemborerCurculionidaeCisurgus wollastonii
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum affine
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia praetiosa
unknownunknownPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips balsaminus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips validus
unknownunknownThripidaeThrips dubius
leafhiddenThripidaeThrips tabaci
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips euphorbiicola
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips crassicornis
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips picipes
flowerhiddenmainAeolothripidaeMelanthrips ficalbii
flowerhiddenAeolothripidaeMelanthrips pallidior
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona flaviceps
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona kuntzei
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona warchalowskii
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona lacertosa
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona depressa
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona nigriscutis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona illigeri
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona sandrae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona bonvouloiri
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona wollastoni
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona violacea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona aeneomicans
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona czwalinai
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona abdominalis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona pygmaea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona albertinae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona delicatula
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona atrocaerulea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona venustula
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona euphorbiae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona ovata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona flava
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona cyparissiae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona melancholica
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeAphthona stussineri
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona carbonaria
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona punctiventris
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona sicelidis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona variolosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya teutona
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo solitaria
root collarscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus munroi
leafvagrantArgidaeArge beckeri
unknownscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus henryi
stemscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus reynei
leafhiddenPyralidaeDenticera divisella
leafhiddenTortricidaeLobesia euphorbiana
leafvagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis neglecta
stemborerTortricidaeAcroclita subsequana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSpilonota ocellana
stemborerCurculionidaeThamnurgus varipes
stemborerCurculionidaeThamnurgus characiae
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis pallidana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
leaf budhiddenThripidaeAnaphothrips euphorbiae
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis rurinana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
stemborerTortricidaeLobesia occidentis
leafvagrantTortricidaeCacoecimorpha pronubana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria nanula
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops euphorbiae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculochetus esulae
rootscaleCoccidaeRhizopulvinaria artemisiae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia paveli
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes proletella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAcaudaleyrodes rachipora
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia euphorbiarum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon thracicum
vagrantAphididaeAphis paludicola
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis glareosae
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
doubtfulAgromyzidaeLiriomyza euphorbiana
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia penicillata
stemvagrantOrtheziidaeOrthezia urticae
flowervagrantAphididaeAphis esulae
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora esulae
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia amygdaloidis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia bibioniformis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia leucopsiformis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia empiformis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia euceraeformis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia tenthrediniformis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia astatiformis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia palustris
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia crassicornis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia hungarica
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia anthraciformis
stemborerCurculionidaeThamnurgus euphorbiae
unknownvagrantAphididaeAphis myrsinitidis
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis vallei
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis tirucallis
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis hillerislambersi
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis brotericola
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria dalmatina
systemicgallEriophyidaeAculops montenegrinus
systemicgallEriophyidaeEriophyes euphorbiae
systemicgallEriophyidaeEriophyes septemlineatus
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura capsulae
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura euphorbiarum
flowergallCecidomyiidaeEuphorbomyia loewii
flowergallEriophyidaeAculops glabriflorae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeSpurgia esulae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeSpurgia euphorbiae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura schulzei
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeJanetiella euphorbiae
leafborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia beckeri
leafdownErysiphalesFibroidium cyparissiae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera euphorbiae
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera euphorbiae-hirtae
leafdownErysiphalesPseudoidium poinsettiae
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora cyparissiae
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora embergeri
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora euphorbiae
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora valesiaca
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes nevadensis
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza balcanica
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza euphorbiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza heringi
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza myrsinitae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza pascuum
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerNepticulidaeMuhabbetana euphorbiella
leafminerNepticulidaeMuhabbetana jubae
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafminerTortricidaeCnephasia lineata
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces anthyllidis
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces baeumlerianus
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces briardii
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces bugranae
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces caraganae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces caraganicola
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces ciceris-arietini
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces cytisi-sessilifolii
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces dianthi
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces diniensis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces fischeri-eduardi
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces galegae
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces gausseni
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces genistae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces hippocrepidis
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces jaapianus
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces jordianus
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces laburni
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces lathyri-latifolii
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces lereddei
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces lupinicola
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces magnusii
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces natricis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces onobrychidis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces ononidis
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces ornithopodioides
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces physanthyllidis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces pisi
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces punctatus
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces renovatus
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces sarothamni
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces spartii-juncei
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces striatus
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces trifolii-purpurei
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces trigonellae
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces ulicis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces verrucosae-craccae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces verruculosus
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces viciae-craccae
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces euphorbiae
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces proeminens
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces tuberculatus
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora euphorbiae
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora euphorbiae-dulcis
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora helioscopiae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesEndophyllum euphorbiae-characiatis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesEndophyllum euphorbiae-nicaeensis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesEndophyllum euphorbiae-silvaticae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesAecidium euphorbiae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces laevis
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces scutellatus
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces striolatus
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces sublevis
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces tinctoriicola
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces alpestris
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora euphorbiae-amygdaloidis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora euphorbiae-gerardiana
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora gelmii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora ricini
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces bresadolae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces cristulatus
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces euphorbiae-dulcis
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces excavatus
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces kalmusii
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces monspessulanus
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces winteri
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes euphorbiae
stemborerAnthomyiidaePegomya argyrocephala
stemborerAnthomyiidaePegomya curticornis
stemborerAnthomyiidaePegomya hybernae
stemgallAnthomyiidaePegomya lucidae
root collargallmainAnthomyiidaePegomya euphorbiae
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaePemphigus immunis
inquilineCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis lutea
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis gerardianae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon cyparissiae
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon euphorbiae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
stemvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiellum
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis euphorbiae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 5.v.2021