Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Hypericum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown unknown Scythrididae Scythris scopolella
leaf leaf spot Sporocadaceae Diploceras hypericinum
leaf leaf spot Dermateaceae Gloeosporidiella hyperici
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta hypericicola
leaf predator Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia uredinis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia hyperici
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ovularia minutissima
leaf Capnodiales Sphaerulina hyperici
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ascotis fortunata
root vagrant Thyreocoridae Thyreocoris scarabaeoides
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Maccevethus corsicus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Ortholomus punctipennis
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius helveticus
leaf vagrant Alydidae Camptopus tragacanthae
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Rhopalus maculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Cyphodema rubrica
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius immunis
leaf vagrant Alydidae Camptopus lateralis
leaf vagrant Miridae Capsodes gothicus
leaf vagrant Miridae Mimocoris rugicollis
leaf vagrant Miridae Oncotylus punctipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus obscurus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema calcarata
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema trispinosa
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema virens
leaf vagrant Miridae Strongylocoris leucocephalus
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus lineellus
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna euxinia
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Rhopalus subrufus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Stagonomus amoenus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Barypeithes mollicomus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eysarcoris aeneus
flower vagrant Noctuidae Elaphria venustula
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
flower borer doubtful Geometridae Eupithecia laquaearia
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polia nebulosa
leaf scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus comstocki
root predator Cecidomyiidae Trisopsis hyperici
stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus citri
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia cyanophylli
root predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis hyperici
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia rapax
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia gracilis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia w-latinum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ceramica pisi
stem borer Noctuidae Gortyna flavago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Actinotia radiosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Actinotia polyodon
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Chloantha hyperici
leaf vagrant Geometridae Elophos dilucidaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Siona lineata
unknown unknown Crambidae Ephelis cruentalis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes rhomboidaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ematurga atomaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia subfuscata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selidosema ambustaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia subumbrata
flower vagrant doubtful Geometridae Eupithecia semigraphata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia orphnata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cleora cinctaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Aplocera efformata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Aplocera plagiata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Aplocera praeformata
flower vagrant Geometridae Chloroclystis v-ata
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Thalera fimbrialis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina quadrigemina
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Oxypteryx nigromaculella
stem borer Gelechiidae Oxypteryx atrella
root borer Buprestidae Agrilus hyperici
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina hypermaculata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina hyperici
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella occidentalis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina cuprina
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina varians
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina didymata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina hyperici
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina brunsvicensis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina geminata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina geminata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis antennata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo amoena
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo zona
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis rapae
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo zonula
leaf hidden Peleopodidae Carcina quercana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acroclita guanchana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips crataegana
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix hypericella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix liturosa
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips xylosteana
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
flower hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
fruit borer younger larva Adelidae Adela violella
stem borer larva Apionidae Pseudostenapion simum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Pseudoperapion brevirostre
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia medinae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia tabaci
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia reyesi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia nigrifrons
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon malvae malvae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia gennadii
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia hyperici
flower gall Tortricidae Lathronympha strigana
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Zeuxidiplosis giardi
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura hyperici
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura serotina
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe hyperici
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis marteli
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia aurantiaca
leaf miner Gracillariidae Euspilapteryx auroguttella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lustratella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Fomoria deschkai
leaf miner Nepticulidae Fomoria empetrifolii
leaf miner Nepticulidae Fomoria eriki
leaf miner Nepticulidae Fomoria luisae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Fomoria septembrella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Fomoria variicapitella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia telia Pucciniales Melampsora hypericorum
leaf pustule uredinia Pucciniales Uredo hyperici-humifusi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus hygrophilus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus hyperici
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis chloris
root gall Cecidomyiidae Geocrypta braueri
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae frangulae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.i.2023