Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Hypericum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina cuprina
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina varians
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina didymata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina hyperici
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina brunsvicensis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina geminata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina geminata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis antennata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo amoena
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo zona
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo zonula
leafhiddenPeleopodidaeCarcina quercana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcroclita guanchana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips crataegana
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix hypericella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix liturosa
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia longana
flowerhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia longana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
fruitboreryounger larvaAdelidaeAdela violella
stemborerGelechiidaeEulamprotes atrella
stemborerlarvaApionidaePseudostenapion simum
fruitborerlarvaApionidaePseudoperapion brevirostre
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia medinae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia reyesi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia nigrifrons
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon malvae malvae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia gennadii
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia hyperici
flowergallTortricidaeLathronympha strigana
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeZeuxidiplosis giardi
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura hyperici
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura serotina
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe hyperici
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis marteli
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia aurantiaca
leafminerGracillariidaeEuspilapteryx auroguttella
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera lustratella
leafminerNepticulidaeFomoria deschkai
leafminerNepticulidaeFomoria empetrifolii
leafminerNepticulidaeFomoria eriki
leafminerNepticulidaeFomoria luisae
leafminerNepticulidaeFomoria septembrella
leafminerNepticulidaeFomoria variicapitella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaecia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora hypericorum
leafpustuleurediniaPuccinialesUredo hyperici-humifusi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus hygrophilus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus hyperici
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis chloris
rootgallCecidomyiidaeGeocrypta braueri
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae frangulae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 18.vii.2020