organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus reussi
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus salicis
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus melanophthalmus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus occalescens
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus salicis
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus melanophthalmus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus occalescens
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus salicinus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus majalis
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus rufatus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus dorsalis
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus hirtipennis
inquiline larva Apionidae Melanapion minimum
leaf miner larva Rhynchitidae Caenorhinus mannerheimii
leaf gall larva main Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae
stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Neocoenorrhinus germanicus
stem borer larva main Rhynchitidae Temnocerus longiceps
stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Temnocerus nanus
stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Temnocerus tomentosus
leaf gall larva rarely Attelabidae Apoderus coryli
stem borer Yponomeutidae Argyresthia pygmaeella
stem borer doubtful Yponomeutidae Argyresthia retinella
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia afer
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia carpini
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis asiatica
stem vagrant doubtful Aphididae Stomaphis graffii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis roumanica
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Caliroa annulipes
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus longisetosus
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus gigas
leaf vagrant summer generation Tortricidae Gypsonoma dealbana
leaf bud borer spring generation Tortricidae Gypsonoma dealbana
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
root collar borer Sesiidae Synanthedon polaris
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon melliniformis
stem borer Sesiidae Sesia pimplaeformis
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon spuleri
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon vespiformis
stem borer Sesiidae Sesia bembeciformis
stem borer Psilidae Chyliza leptogaster
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Resseliella quercivora
stem leaf spot Phylloxeridae Phylloxerina daphnodis
stem leaf spot Phylloxeridae Phylloxerina capreae
stem leaf spot Phylloxeridae Phylloxerina salicis
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga amenticola
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria regalis
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria hydrangeae
stem scale rarely Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis
fruit borer Anthomyiidae Egle parva
stem vagrant doubtful Aphididae Cavariella cicutae
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga repenticola
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia basistrigella
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
root collar vagrant Aphididae Stomaphis longirostris
root collar vagrant Aphididae Stomaphis wojciechowskii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus gomesi
fruit gall spring generation Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga heterobia
flower borer Curculionidae Dorytomus taeniatus
flower gall Anthomyiidae Egle
flower gall Eriophyidae Stenacis triradiata
flower gall Helotiales Gloeosporium deformans
flower gall Helotiales Gloeosporium oelandicum
flower gall incertae sedis Fusamen amentorum
flower gall incertae sedis Fusamen fructigenum
flower gall incertae sedis Fusamen lapponum
bud gall Tenthredinidae Euura daphnoidica
bud gall Tenthredinidae Euura gemmafoetidae
bud gall Tenthredinidae Euura gemmahelveticae
bud gall Tenthredinidae Euura hastatae
bud gall Tenthredinidae Euura lanatae
bud gall Tenthredinidae Euura lappo
bud gall Tenthredinidae Euura mucronata
bud gall Tenthredinidae Euura myrsinifoliae
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga clavifex
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga gemmicola
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga gemmicolata
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga insignis
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga iteobia
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga jaapi
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga lindhardti
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga palliumparens
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga repenticornua
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga rosaria
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga rosariella
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga vigemmae
leaf bud gall summer generation doubtful Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga heterobia
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura ingeris
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura minoterminalis
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria salicina
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aculus gemmarum
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe adunca
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe capreae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pseudoregularis
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia populi
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera schlechtendalii
leaf leaf spot Helotiales Drepanopeziza sphaerioides
leaf leaf spot Rhytismatales Rhytisma salicinum
leaf leaf spot Venturiales Venturia saliciperda
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga marginemtorquens
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga nervorum
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga salicis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga terminalis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura auritae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura pseudococcus
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Iteomyia capreae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Iteomyia major
leaf gall Diaporthales Apiognomonia errabunda
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria craspedophyes
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria effusa
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria iteina
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria salicis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus craspedobius
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus laevis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus magnirostris
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus myrsinites
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus pycnorhynchus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus tetanothrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus variabilis
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla abdominalis
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla ambigua
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla atlantica
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla brunneipennis
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla elegantula
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla flori
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla intermedia
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla iteophila
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla klapaleki
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla moscovita
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla nigrita
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla palmeni
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla parvipennis
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla perrieri
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla propinqua
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla pulchra
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla saliceti
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla tatrica
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla zaicevi
leaf gall doubtful Tenthredinidae Euura anomaloptera
leaf gall rarely Tenthredinidae Euura crassispina
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura cyrnea
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura nudipectus
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura purpureae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura bigallae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura unigallae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura leucosticta
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura acutifoliae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura alpinae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura aquilonis
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura arbusculae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura arcticornis
leaf gall main Tenthredinidae Euura brevicornis
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura breviserratae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura collactanea
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura crassipes
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura foetidae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura saliciscinereae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura glabrifrons
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura hastatavora
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura herbaceae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura kriechbaumeri
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura maculosa
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura myrsiniticola
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura myrtilloidica
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura nivalis
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura pedunculi
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura pustulator
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura reticulatae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura retusae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura samolad
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura vesicator
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura viminalis
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura testaceipes
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura venusta
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura acutiserra
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura anglica
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura destricta
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura ischnocera
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura kopelkei
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura leucapsis
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura oblita
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura piliserra
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura plicadaphnoides
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura plicalapponum
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura plicaphylicifolia
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura polita
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura prussica
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura hubertpschornwalcheri
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura scotaspis
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura spirappendiculata
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura spirhelvetica
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura bridgmanii
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura dolichura
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura elaeagnocola
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura femoralis
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura glaucae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura helveticae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura foetidatumida
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura nigricantis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus furcatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus nigricantis
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura proxima
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura triandrae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura virilis
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera albiventris
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera curvatinervis
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera maura
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera parastriola
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera salicivora
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera silvarnis
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera striola
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera substriola
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera versicolor
leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza fulvicornis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza tridentata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Japanagromyza salicifolii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza albitarsis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza salicina
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys reflexus
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Zeugophora flavicollis
leaf miner doubtful Chrysomelidae Zeugophora subspinosa
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albidella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lusciniaepennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora rectilineella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora zelleriella
leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus pulicarius
leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges decoratus
leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges pseudostigma
leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges rufitarsis
leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges salicis
leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges stigma
leaf miner Curculionidae Isochnus angustifrons
leaf miner Curculionidae Isochnus foliorum
leaf miner Curculionidae Isochnus sequensi
leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto coffeella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia stigmatella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis canariensis
leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis labyrinthella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis ramulicola
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis saligna
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis valentinensis
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter connexella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter dubitella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter heringiella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hilarella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter pastorella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quinqueguttella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter rolandi
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter salicicolella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter salictella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter viminetorum
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera sinuella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia pulverulentella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella arbusculae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella benanderella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella nivenburgensis
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella obliquella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pallidiciliella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella salicis
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella vimineticola
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella zelleriella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia intimella
leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura tirolensis
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusella wuestneii
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusella septentrionalis
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Heterarthrus microcephalus
leaf miner Tortricidae Gypsonoma minutana
leaf miner Tortricidae Gypsonoma oppressana
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta rorrella
leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Cladius grandis
leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Pristiphora conjugata
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aurantiacum
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora amygdalinae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora abietis-caprearum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora allii-fragilis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora arctica
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora caprearum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora epitea
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora euonymi-caprearum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora galanthi-fragilis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora lapponum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora laricis-epitea
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora laricis-pentandrae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora repentis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora reticulatae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora ribesii-epitea
leaf pustule uredinia telia rarely Pucciniales Melampsora ribesii-purpureae
leaf pustule uredinia telia rarely Pucciniales Melampsora ribesii-viminalis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora salicis-albae
leaf predator Curculionidae Archarius crux
leaf predator Curculionidae Archarius ochreatus
leaf predator Curculionidae Archarius salicivorus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon calvulus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus salicti
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria intercedens
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria salicisincanae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Acaphyllisa salicobia
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus phyllocoptoides
stem borer Agromyzidae Phytobia cambii
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga nielsenii
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga purpureaperda
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga repentiperda
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga triandraperda
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga viminalis
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Dasineura medullaris
stem borer Curculionidae Cryptorhynchus lapathi
stem gall Agromyzidae Hexomyza cecidogena
stem gall Agromyzidae Hexomyza simplicoides
stem gall Aphididae Tuberolachnus salignus
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga albipennis
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga degeerii
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga deletrix
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga dubiosa
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga exsiccans
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga justini
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga karschi
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga lattkei
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga pierreana
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga pierrei
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga pulvini
stem gall main Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga saliciperda
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga schicki
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga schwangarti
stem gall Cerambycidae Saperda populnea
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem gall Hypocreales Neonectria galligena
stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
stem gall Sesiidae Synanthedon flaviventris
stem gall Sesiidae Synanthedon formicaeformis
stem gall Tenthredinidae Euura amerinae
stem gall rarely Tenthredinidae Euura atra
stem gall Tenthredinidae Euura auritae
stem gall Tenthredinidae Euura elaeagnos
stem gall Tenthredinidae Euura laeta
stem gall Tenthredinidae Euura myrtilloides
stem gall Tenthredinidae Euura salicispurpureae
stem gall Tenthredinidae Euura subgemma
stem gall Tenthredinidae Euura weiffenbachiella
stem gall Tortricidae Cydia servillana
stem oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Nematus miliaris
stem predator Apionidae Melanapion minimum
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis farinosa
stem vagrant Aphididae Pterocomma salicis
stem vagrant Aphididae Plocamaphis amerinae
stem vagrant Aphididae Pterocomma pilosum
stem vagrant Aphididae Pterocomma rufipes
root gall Saproleginiales Jaraia salicis
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Pachypappa warshavensis
unknown unknown Tenthredinidae Euura nitidinota
predator doubtful Cecidomyiidae Arthrocnodax peregrinus
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis gammae
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis heterobiae
predator Eurytomidae Eurytoma aciculata
predator Tephritidae Euphranta toxoneura
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga roskami
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga schreiteri
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga strobilina
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Resseliella dizygomyzae
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Dasineura clausilia
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis saliceti
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculus parvus
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculus phytoptoides
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculus truncatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus capreae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus horii beuthani
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus mordvilkoi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus niger
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus truncatus
stem vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus vitellinae
stem vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus ramicola
stem vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus lapponum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus pentandrinus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus parvus
stem vagrant Aphididae Pterocomma jacksoni
root vagrant Aphididae Pemphigus saliciradicis
stem vagrant Aphididae Plocamaphis flocculosa
stem vagrant Aphididae Neopterocomma asiphum
stem vagrant Aphididae Pterocomma italicum
stem vagrant Aphididae Neopterocomma verhoeveni
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Cavariella intermedia
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Cavariella konoi
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Cavariella aegopodii
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Cavariella archangelicae
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Cavariella theobaldi
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Cavariella pastinacae
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Cavariella aquatica

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 4.v.2019