white willow

synonym: Salix alba subsp. caerulea, caerulea, vitellina

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Argidae Arge enodis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Mycterothrips salicis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips rosana
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora luteipes
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris hastiana
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus californicus
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus lewisi
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus salicisalbae
inquiline Eriophyidae Anthocoptes salicisalbae
inquiline Eriophyidae Stenacis palomaris
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops rhodensis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Anthocoptes salicis
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga salicis
stem borer Elachistidae Chrysoclista splendida
flower borer younger larva Batrachedridae Batrachedra praeangusta
leaf bud borer older larva Batrachedridae Batrachedra praeangusta
flower borer Gelechiidae Gelechia muscosella
leaf vagrant main Cimbicidae Pseudoclavellaria amerinae
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ellescus infirmus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Acalyptus carpini
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus reussi
flower borer larva main Curculionidae Dorytomus hirtipennis
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus salicis
flower borer larva Curculionidae Dorytomus melanophthalmus
inquiline larva Apionidae Melanapion minimum
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis asiatica
stem vagrant doubtful Aphididae Stomaphis graffii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus salicti
stem borer Sesiidae Sesia bembeciformis
stem gall Sesiidae Synanthedon formicaeformis
stem borer Sesiidae Paranthrene diaphana
stem gall Cerambycidae Saperda populnea
stem gall Unknown code! Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga pierrei
stem gall doubtful Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga pulvini
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon spuleri
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon vespiformis
stem leaf spot Phylloxeridae Phylloxerina salicis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
root collar vagrant Aphididae Stomaphis longirostris
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus capreae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus gomesi
flower borer Curculionidae Dorytomus taeniatus
flower gall Eriophyidae Stenacis triradiata
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga rosaria
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria salicina
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe adunca
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia populi
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera schlechtendalii
leaf leaf spot Venturiales Venturia saliciperda
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga marginemtorquens
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga nervorum
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga terminalis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria salicis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus craspedobius
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus magnirostris
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus myrsinites
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus tetanothrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus variabilis
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla pulchra
leaf gall main Psyllidae Cacopsylla saliceti
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla ambigua
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura testaceipes
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura oblita
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Euura proxima
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera albiventris
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera curvatinervis
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera maura
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera versicolor
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza albitarsis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza tridentata
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Zeugophora flavicollis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lusciniaepennella
leaf miner Curculionidae Isochnus sequensi
leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus pulicarius
leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges pseudostigma
leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges salicis
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis saligna
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis valentinensis
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter connexella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter heringiella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter pastorella
leaf miner doubtful Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter salicicolella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter salictella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella nivenburgensis
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella obliquella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella salicis
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Heterarthrus microcephalus
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta rorrella
leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Pristiphora conjugata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora epitea
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsora salicis-albae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Acaphyllisa salicobia
stem borer Agromyzidae Phytobia cambii
stem gall Aphididae Tuberolachnus salignus
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga albipennis
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga deletrix
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga dubiosa
stem gall main Cecidomyiidae Rabdophaga saliciperda
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
stem gall Tenthredinidae Euura atra
stem oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Nematus miliaris
stem vagrant Aphididae Pterocomma salicis
stem vagrant Aphididae Plocamaphis amerinae
stem vagrant Aphididae Pterocomma pilosum
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Dasineura clausilia
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus niger
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus truncatus
stem vagrant Aphididae Pterocomma rufipes
stem vagrant Aphididae Chaitophorus vitellinae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis farinosa
root vagrant Aphididae Pemphigus saliciradicis
stem vagrant Aphididae Plocamaphis flocculosa
stem vagrant Aphididae Neopterocomma asiphum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Cavariella intermedia
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Cavariella konoi
leaf vagrant spring generation main Aphididae Cavariella aegopodii
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Cavariella theobaldi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 14.xii.2019