Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salix alba

white willow

synonym: Salix alba subsp. caerulea, caerulea, vitellina

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeErannis defoliaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeLomaspilis marginata
leafvagrantGeometridaeStegania trimaculata
stemborerCossidaeCossus cossus
leafvagrantSphingidaeSmerinthus ocellata
leafvagrantSphingidaeLaothoe populi
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia manca
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus viridis
stemborerBuprestidaeEurythyrea micans
stemborerBuprestidaeMelanophila cuspidata
stemborerBuprestidaeTrachypteris picta
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia cichorii
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia deaurata
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus lineola
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaeAgrilus ater
stemborerBuprestidaeDicerca aenea
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaeEurythyrea micans
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus guerini
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus alni
leafvagrantCicadellidaeJikradia olitoria
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetidiocerus impressifrons
stemhiddenAphrophoridaeAphrophora salicina
leafvagrantCicadellidaeLinnavuoriana sexmaculata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetidiocerus rutilans
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos albitalicus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina nivea
leafvagrantCixiidaeCixius nervosus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus herrichii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus stigmaticalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis najas
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis ocellata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis gravesteini
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis albae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos virgator
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina ordinaria
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus vicinus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina lunaris
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOrientus ishidae
leafThripidaeThrips difficilis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera fulvicornis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera aurata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera pluta
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera aureola
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera nigricoxis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena linnaeana
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGalerucella lineola
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLochmaea caprea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela cuprea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela vigintipunctata
leafvagrantrarelyChrysomelidaeChrysomela populi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePlagiodera versicolora
leafvagrantrarelyChrysomelidaePhratora laticollis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhratora vulgatissima
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus flavus
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeChaetocnema semicoerulea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura hypoxantha
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura oligospila
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura stichi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura alpicola
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAllantus togatus
leafvagrantCimbicidaeCimbex luteus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria immersa
stemoviposition scareggTenthredinidaeEuura miliaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura miliaris
leafvagrantArgidaeArge ustulata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura papillosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura pavida
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeeuura salicis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeRhogogaster chlorosoma
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
leafhiddenPyralidaeSciota adelphella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeGelechia asinella
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
flowerboreryounger larvaTortricidaeApotomis semifasciana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeApotomis semifasciana
leafhiddenTortricidaeApotomis lineana
unknownunknownGelechiidaeGelechia cuneatella
leafhiddenTortricidaeApotomis infida
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix ocellana
leafvagrantArgidaeArge enodis
leafvagrantThripidaeMycterothrips salicis
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips rosana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora luteipes
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris hastiana
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus californicus
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus lewisi
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus salicisalbae
inquilineEriophyidaeAnthocoptes salicisalbae
inquilineEriophyidaeStenacis palomaris
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops rhodensis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes salicis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga salicis
stemborerElachistidaeChrysoclista splendida
flowerboreryounger larvaBatrachedridaeBatrachedra praeangusta
leaf budborerolder larvaBatrachedridaeBatrachedra praeangusta
flowerborerGelechiidaeGelechia muscosella
leafvagrantmainCimbicidaePseudoclavellaria amerinae
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeEllescus infirmus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeAcalyptus carpini
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus reussi
flowerborerlarvamainCurculionidaeDorytomus hirtipennis
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus salicis
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus melanophthalmus
inquilinelarvaApionidaeMelanapion minimum
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis asiatica
stemvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeStomaphis graffii
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus salicti
stemborerSesiidaeSesia bembeciformis
stemgallSesiidaeSynanthedon formicaeformis
stemborerSesiidaeParanthrene diaphana
stemgallCerambycidaeSaperda populnea
stemgallUnknown code!CecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pierrei
stemgalldoubtfulCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pulvini
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon spuleri
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon vespiformis
stemleaf spotPhylloxeridaePhylloxerina salicis
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
root collarvagrantAphididaeStomaphis longirostris
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus capreae
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus gomesi
flowerborerCurculionidaeDorytomus taeniatus
flowergallEriophyidaeStenacis triradiata
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga rosaria
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria salicina
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe adunca
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia populi
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera schlechtendalii
leafleaf spotVenturialesVenturia saliciperda
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga marginemtorquens
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga nervorum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga terminalis
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria salicis
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus craspedobius
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus magnirostris
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus myrsinites
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus tetanothrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus variabilis
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla pulchra
leafgallmainPsyllidaeCacopsylla saliceti
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla ambigua
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura testaceipes
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura oblita
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura proxima
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera albiventris
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera curvatinervis
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera maura
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera versicolor
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza albitarsis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza tridentata
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerChrysomelidaeZeugophora flavicollis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lusciniaepennella
leafminerCurculionidaeIsochnus sequensi
leafminerCurculionidaeRhamphus pulicarius
leafminerCurculionidaeTachyerges pseudostigma
leafminerCurculionidaeTachyerges salicis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis saligna
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis valentinensis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter connexella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter heringiella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter pastorella
leafminerdoubtfulGracillariidaePhyllonorycter salicicolella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter salictella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella nivenburgensis
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella obliquella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella salicis
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus microcephalus
leafminerYponomeutidaeYponomeuta rorrella
leafoviposition scarTenthredinidaePristiphora conjugata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora salicis-albae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAcaphyllisa salicobia
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytobia cambii
stemgallAphididaeTuberolachnus salignus
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga albipennis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga deletrix
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga dubiosa
stemgallmainCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga saliciperda
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemgallTenthredinidaeEuura atra
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma salicis
stemvagrantAphididaePlocamaphis amerinae
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma pilosum
inquilineCecidomyiidaeDasineura clausilia
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus niger
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus truncatus
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma rufipes
stemvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus vitellinae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis farinosa
rootvagrantAphididaePemphigus saliciradicis
stemvagrantAphididaePlocamaphis flocculosa
stemvagrantAphididaeNeopterocomma asiphum
leafvagrantAphididaeCavariella intermedia
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella konoi
leafvagrantspring generationmainAphididaeCavariella aegopodii
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella theobaldi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 9.v.2021