Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salix aurita

eared willow

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis polychloros
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis antiopa
leafvagrantNymphalidaeApatura iris
leafvagrantSphingidaeSmerinthus ocellata
leafvagrantSphingidaeLaothoe populi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera aurata
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus delphinensis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus subauratus
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus salicis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus viridis
stemborerBuprestidaeLamprodila decipiens
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus guerini
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis impura
stemhiddenAphrophoridaeAphrophora salicina
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos strigilifer
leafvagrantAphrophoridaeAphrophora pectoralis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana prunicola
leafvagrantCicadellidaePopulicerus confusus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeLinnavuoriana sexmaculata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis cerea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos butleri
stemvagrantadultAphrophoridaeAphrophora major
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana salicicola
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus lituratus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetidiocerus elegans
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis prasina
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana tersa
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera fulvicornis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena viminalis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela collaris
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela collaris
leafvagrantrarelyChrysomelidaePhratora laticollis
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus flavipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo ferruginea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo velox
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura hypoxantha
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura bergmanni
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura hartigi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura mimator
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura punicea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura semilactea
leafvagrantArgidaeArge fuscipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura humeralis
leafvagrantCimbicidaeTrichiosoma vitellina
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura longiserra
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura sagmaria
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura tunicata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria immersa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura histrio
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura viduata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura leucolena
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura vittata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura stichi
stemoviposition scareggTenthredinidaeEuura miliaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura miliaris
leafvagrantCimbicidaeTrichiosoma lucorum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura papillosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura minima
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura pavida
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius gyllenhali
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAncylis subarcuana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis geminana
leafhiddenrarelyPyralidaeSalebriopsis albicilla
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia crenana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia cruciana
leafhiddenrarelyGelechiidaeAnacampsis temerella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeGelechia sororculella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeFilatima incomptella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia subocellana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia caprana
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix ocellana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia notatella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix conterminella
leafhiddenTortricidaePammene populana
leafvagrantArgidaeArge ustulata
leafvagrantThripidaeMycterothrips salicis
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora luteipes
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris hastiana
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus alsasuensis
stemgallmainCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga salicis
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeEllescus bipunctatus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeAcalyptus sericeus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus occalescens
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus salicis
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus salicinus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus majalis
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus melanophthalmus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus rufatus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus dorsalis
inquilinelarvaApionidaeMelanapion minimum
stemgallCerambycidaeSaperda populnea
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga marginemtorquens
stemborerSesiidaeSesia bembeciformis
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella theobaldi
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma salicis
stemborerCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga viminalis
stemgallmainCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga dubiosa
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera salicivora
flowerborerCurculionidaeDorytomus taeniatus
flowergallEriophyidaeStenacis triradiata
budgallTenthredinidaeEuura mucronata
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura minoterminalis
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga clavifex
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga gemmicola
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga iteobia
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga palliumparens
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga rosaria
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga rosariella
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria salicina
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAculus gemmarum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe adunca
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura auritae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura pseudococcus
leafgallCecidomyiidaeIteomyia capreae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeIteomyia major
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga nervorum
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria iteina
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria salicis
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus laevis
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus tetanothrix
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla ambigua
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla brunneipennis
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla elegantula
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla flori
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla saliceti
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla klapaleki
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura pedunculi
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura venusta
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura leucosticta
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura bridgmanii
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura leucapsis
leafgallrarelyTenthredinidaeEuura brevicornis
leafgallmainPsyllidaeCacopsylla saliceti
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera striola
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera albiventris
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza fulvicornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza tridentata
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albidella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lusciniaepennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora zelleriella
leafminerCurculionidaeRhamphus pulicarius
leafminerCurculionidaeTachyerges salicis
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia stigmatella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis ramulicola
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter dubitella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter hilarella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter salicicolella
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera sinuella
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia intimella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella salicis
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus microcephalus
leafminerTenthredinidaeScolioneura tirolensis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora abietis-caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora euonymi-caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora laricis-epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora ribesii-epitea
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus salicti
stemborerCecidomyiidaeDasineura medullaris
stemborerdoubtfulCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga nielsenii
stemgallAgromyzidaeHexomyza cecidogena
stemgallAgromyzidaeHexomyza simplicoides
stemgalldoubtfulCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga albipennis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga karschi
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pierreana
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pierrei
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pulvini
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga saliciperda
stemgallSesiidaeSynanthedon flaviventris
stemgallSesiidaeSynanthedon formicaeformis
stemgallTenthredinidaeEuura auritae
stemgallTortricidaeCydia servillana
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma pilosum
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus capreae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis farinosa
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma jacksoni
stemvagrantAphididaePlocamaphis flocculosa
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella aegopodii
leafvagrantAphididaeCavariella intermedia
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella pastinacae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 9.v.2021