Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salix babylonica

synonym: Salix matsudana [cf Kuzovkina & Belyaeva (2018a)]

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis polychloros
stemborerCossidaeCossus cossus
leafvagrantSphingidaeLaothoe populi
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeKybos virgator
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus quinquecostatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina ordinaria
stemoviposition scareggMembracidaeStictocephala bisonia
leafvagrantCixiidaeHyalesthes luteipes
leafvagrantdoubtfulDelphacidaeAsiraca clavicornis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus herrichii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus vicinus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOrientus ishidae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina lunaris
leafvagrantTetranychidaeSchizotetranychus schizopus
inquilinelarvaApionidaeMelanapion minimum
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela vigintipunctata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePlagiodera versicolora
leafvagrantArgidaeArge enodis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeeuura salicis
stemscaleDiaspididaePseudaulacaspis pentagona
leafvagrantThripidaeMycterothrips salicis
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora luteipes
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis valentinensis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis asiatica
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus pycnorhynchus
inquilineEriophyidaeStenacis palomaris
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes salicis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga salicis
flowergallEriophyidaeStenacis triradiata
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus capreae
stemvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus vitellinae
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus niger
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga rosaria
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAculus gemmarum
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia populi
leafleaf spotVenturialesVenturia saliciperda
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga nervorum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga terminalis
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus magnirostris
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura proxima
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura testaceipes
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura oblita
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera salicivora
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera albiventris
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lusciniaepennella
leafminerCurculionidaeIsochnus sequensi
leafminerCurculionidaeRhamphus pulicarius
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia stigmatella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis saligna
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter pastorella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter salictella
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia intimella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella nivenburgensis
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella obliquella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella salicis
stemgallAphididaeTuberolachnus salignus
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma pilosum
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus niger
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus truncatus
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus horii beuthani
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma rufipes
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma salicis
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis farinosa
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella archangelicae
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella aegopodii
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella theobaldi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 9.v.2021