Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salix caprea

goat willow

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeHemithea aestivaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCyclophora pendularia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeApatura iris
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis polychloros
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis antiopa
leafvagrantNymphalidaePolygonia c-album
leafvagrantGeometridaeGeometra papilionaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeLomaspilis marginata
leafvagrantGeometridaeOpisthograptis luteolata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEnnomos quercinaria
stemborerCossidaeCossus cossus
leafvagrantSphingidaeLaothoe populi
leafvagrantSphingidaeSmerinthus ocellata
leafvagrantSphingidaeLaothoe populi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela saliceti
stemborerBuprestidaeEurythyrea micans
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia salicis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus delphinensis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus salicis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus lineola
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus guerini
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus subauratus
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus viridis
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus alni
stemborerBuprestidaeLamprodila decipiens
stemvagrantadultAphrophoridaeAphrophora alni
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus stigmaticalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos sordidus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana menzbieri
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana prunicola
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis cerea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetidiocerus rutilans
leafvagrantCicadellidaePopulicerus confusus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos butleri
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana salicicola
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus lituratus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetidiocerus elegans
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis prasina
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis infuscata
leafvagrantAphrophoridaeAphrophora pectoralis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos strigilifer
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOrientus ishidae
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron domesticum
fruitborerlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeEllescus scanicus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeSchizotetranychus schizopus
stemhiddenAphrophoridaeAphrophora salicina
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips minutissimus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera aurea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera fulvicornis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera aurata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena linnaeana
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena flavicornis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena viminalis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena decemnotata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLochmaea caprea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela cuprea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela vigintipunctata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePlagiodera versicolora
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhratora vulgatissima
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera peirolerii
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus longicornis
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus luperus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo mesomela
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo ferruginea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura silvestris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura bipartita
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura hypoxantha
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius maculosus
leafoviposition scarTenthredinidaePristiphora conjugata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura squalida
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura trautmanni
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura semilactea
leafvagrantArgidaeArge fuscipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura fasciata
leafvagrantCimbicidaeTrichiosoma vitellina
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAllantus togatus
leafvagrantCimbicidaeCimbex luteus
flowerborerTenthredinidaeEuura amentorum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura humeralis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura longiserra
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura punicea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura tunicata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura flavescens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeeuura salicis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria immersa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura histrio
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura viduata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura oligospila
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura bergmanni
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura stichi
stemoviposition scareggTenthredinidaeEuura miliaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura miliaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeRhogogaster punctulata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura papillosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura pavida
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria prolongata
stemborerCephidaeJanus luteipes
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius gyllenhali
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea fagella
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea lipsiella
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDasystoma salicella
leafhiddenTortricidaeApotomis capreana
leafminerYponomeutidaeYponomeuta rorrella
leafhiddenTortricidaeApotomis infida
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus aceris
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAncylis subarcuana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAncylis geminana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis diminutana
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria vitis
leafhiddenGelechiidaePsoricoptera speciosella
leafhiddenrarelyPyralidaeSalebriopsis albicilla
flowerboreryounger larvaTortricidaeApotomis semifasciana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeApotomis semifasciana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia crenana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia cruciana
flowerborerTortricidaeEpinotia nisella
leafhiddendoubtfulGelechiidaeTeleiodes wagae
leafhiddendoubtfulGracillariidaeOrnixola caudulatella
leafhiddenEntorrhizaceaePsoricoptera gibbosella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis subarcuana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAnacampsis populella
leafhiddenrarelyGelechiidaeAnacampsis temerella
unknownunknownGelechiidaeTeleiodes flavimaculella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeGelechia sororculella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeFilatima incomptella
unknownunknownGelechiidaeGelechia cuneatella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia subocellana
flowerborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEpinotia demarniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia caprana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia solandriana
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix ocellana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia notatella
stemboreryounger larvaTortricidaeGypsonoma sociana
leaf budborerolder larvaTortricidaeGypsonoma sociana
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix conterminella
leafhiddenTortricidaePammene populana
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera silvarnis
leafvagrantArgidaeArge ustulata
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura hebenstreitella
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora micronematica
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora sermola
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora confusa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora subopaca
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledonides lunana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris lipsiana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris rufana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris emargana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris umbrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris hastiana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus crassus
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus salicisglaucae
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus capreae
inquilineEriophyidaeStenacis palomaris
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes salicis
stemgallmainCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga salicis
flowerboreryounger larvaAdelidaeAdela albicinctella
flowerboreryounger larvaBatrachedridaeBatrachedra praeangusta
leaf budborerolder larvaBatrachedridaeBatrachedra praeangusta
flowerborerGelechiidaeGelechia muscosella
leafvagrantCimbicidaePseudoclavellaria amerinae
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeEllescus bipunctatus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeEllescus infirmus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeAcalyptus carpini
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeAcalyptus sericeus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus salicis
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus salicinus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus majalis
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus melanophthalmus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus rufatus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus dorsalis
inquilinelarvaApionidaeMelanapion minimum
leafminerlarvaRhynchitidaeCaenorhinus mannerheimii
leafgalllarvamainRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
stemborerlarvaRhynchitidaeTemnocerus nanus
stemborerlarvaRhynchitidaeTemnocerus tomentosus
stemborerlarvaRhynchitidaeNeocoenorrhinus germanicus
stemborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia pygmaeella
stemborerdoubtfulYponomeutidaeArgyresthia retinella
leafvagrantAphididaeCavariella intermedia
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCaliroa annulipes
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus gigas
stemborerSesiidaeParanthrene diaphana
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus tetanothrix
stemborermainSesiidaeSesia bembeciformis
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
stemborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella quercivora
stemleaf spotPhylloxeridaePhylloxerina capreae
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
fruitborerAnthomyiidaeEgle parva
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus horii beuthani
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella aegopodii
stemgallmainCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga dubiosa
stemgallTortricidaeCydia servillana
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus truncatus
flowerborerCurculionidaeDorytomus taeniatus
flowergallEriophyidaeStenacis triradiata
budgallTenthredinidaeEuura mucronata
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura minoterminalis
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga clavifex
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga gemmicola
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga iteobia
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga rosaria
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria salicina
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAculus gemmarum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe adunca
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe capreae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe pseudoregularis
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia populi
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura auritae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura pseudococcus
leafgallCecidomyiidaeIteomyia capreae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeIteomyia major
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga marginemtorquens
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga nervorum
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria iteina
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria salicis
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus laevis
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla ambigua
leafgallmainPsyllidaeCacopsylla brunneipennis
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla elegantula
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla flori
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla moscovita
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla nigrita
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla pulchra
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla saliceti
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla abdominalis
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura pedunculi
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura venusta
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura leucosticta
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura bridgmanii
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura cyrnea
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura bigallae
leafgalldoubtfulTenthredinidaeEuura prussica
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura brevicornis
leafgallmainTriozidaeBactericera curvatinervis
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera parastriola
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera salicivora
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera striola
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza salicina
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza fulvicornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza tridentata
leafminerAgromyzidaeJapanagromyza salicifolii
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerChrysomelidaeZeugophora flavicollis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albidella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lusciniaepennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora serratella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora zelleriella
leafminerCurculionidaeIsochnus foliorum
leafminerCurculionidaeIsochnus sequensi
leafminerCurculionidaeRhamphus pulicarius
leafminerCurculionidaeTachyerges rufitarsis
leafminerCurculionidaeTachyerges salicis
leafminerCurculionidaeTachyerges stigma
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis ramulicola
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter dubitella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter heringiella
leafminermainGracillariidaePhyllonorycter hilarella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter salicicolella
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera sinuella
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia intimella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella salicis
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus microcephalus
leafminerTenthredinidaeScolioneura tirolensis
leafoviposition scarTenthredinidaeCladius grandis
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora abietis-caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora euonymi-caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora laricis-epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora ribesii-epitea
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus salicti
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytobia cambii
stemgallmainAgromyzidaeHexomyza simplicoides
stemgalldoubtfulCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga albipennis
stemgalldoubtfulCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga karschi
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pierreana
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pierrei
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pulvini
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga saliciperda
stemgallCerambycidaeSaperda populnea
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemgallSesiidaeSynanthedon flaviventris
stemgallSesiidaeSynanthedon formicaeformis
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis farinosa
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma salicis
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma pilosum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaePachypappa warshavensis
inquilineCecidomyiidaeDasineura clausilia
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus capreae
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus niger
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma rufipes
stemvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus ramicola
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma jacksoni
stemvagrantAphididaePlocamaphis flocculosa
stemgallAphididaeTuberolachnus salignus
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus furcatus
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella pastinacae
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella theobaldi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 9.v.2021