Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salix cinerea

grey willow

synonym: Salix aurita subsp. cinerea

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeCyclophora pendularia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis polychloros
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis xanthomelas
leafvagrantNymphalidaeApatura iris
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
leafvagrantGeometridaePlagodis pulveraria
stemborerCossidaeCossus cossus
leafvagrantSphingidaeSmerinthus ocellata
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus salicis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus viridis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus delphinensis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus guerini
leafvagrantAphrophoridaeAphrophora pectoralis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana prunicola
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis cerea
leafvagrantCicadellidaePopulicerus confusus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos butleri
leafvagrantCicadellidaeLinnavuoriana sexmaculata
stemvagrantadultAphrophoridaeAphrophora major
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana salicicola
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus lituratus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetidiocerus elegans
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis prasina
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos strigilifer
leafvagrantCicadellidaeSagatus punctifrons
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeTaphrorychus villifrons
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus suratus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus hirtipennis
stemhiddenAphrophoridaeAphrophora salicina
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera aurea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera fulvicornis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera aurata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera nitidula
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena pallida
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena flavicornis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena viminalis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGalerucella lineola
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLochmaea caprea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela vigintipunctata
leafvagrantrarelyChrysomelidaeChrysomela populi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePlagiodera versicolora
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhratora vulgatissima
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhratora coerulescens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura hypoxantha
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius gyllenhali
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura squalida
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura punicea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura trautmanni
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura semilactea
leafvagrantCimbicidaeCimbex luteus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura humeralis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura leucolena
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura longiserra
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura sagmaria
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura tunicata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura histrio
stemoviposition scareggTenthredinidaeEuura miliaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura miliaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura papillosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura oligospila
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura ferruginea
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea fagella
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria vitis
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis geminana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis diminutana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia crenana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia cruciana
flowerborerTortricidaeEpinotia nisella
leafhiddenrarelyGelechiidaeAnacampsis temerella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeGelechia sororculella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia subocellana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia caprana
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix ocellana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia notatella
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera silvarnis
leafvagrantArgidaeArge ustulata
leafoviposition scarTenthredinidaePristiphora conjugata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora luteipes
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris effractana
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus alsasuensis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops undulatus
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus capreae
stemgallmainCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga salicis
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeEllescus bipunctatus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeAcalyptus carpini
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeAcalyptus sericeus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus salicis
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus salicinus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus majalis
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus melanophthalmus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus rufatus
inquilinelarvaApionidaeMelanapion minimum
stemborerlarvaRhynchitidaeTemnocerus nanus
stemvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus vitellinae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCaliroa annulipes
stempredatorApionidaeMelanapion minimum
stemborerSesiidaeSesia bembeciformis
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella theobaldi
stemborerCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga viminalis
stemgallmainCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga dubiosa
stemgallTortricidaeCydia servillana
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
flowerborerCurculionidaeDorytomus taeniatus
flowergallEriophyidaeStenacis triradiata
budgallTenthredinidaeEuura mucronata
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura minoterminalis
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga clavifex
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga gemmicola
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga iteobia
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga palliumparens
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga rosaria
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga rosariella
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria salicina
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAculus gemmarum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe adunca
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia populi
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera schlechtendalii
leafleaf spotHelotialesDrepanopeziza sphaerioides
leafleaf spotRhytismatalesRhytisma salicinum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura auritae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura pseudococcus
leafgallCecidomyiidaeIteomyia capreae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeIteomyia major
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga marginemtorquens
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga nervorum
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria iteina
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus laevis
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus tetanothrix
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla ambigua
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla brunneipennis
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla elegantula
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla flori
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla moscovita
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla perrieri
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla pulchra
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla saliceti
leafgallmainTenthredinidaeEuura brevicornis
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura leucapsis
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura prussica
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura bridgmanii
leafgallrarelyTenthredinidaeEuura venusta
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura leucosticta
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera curvatinervis
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera striola
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza tridentata
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albidella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora currucipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lusciniaepennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora potentillae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora zelleriella
leafminerCurculionidaeIsochnus foliorum
leafminerCurculionidaeIsochnus sequensi
leafminerCurculionidaeRhamphus pulicarius
leafminerCurculionidaeTachyerges salicis
leafminerCurculionidaeTachyerges stigma
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia stigmatella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis ramulicola
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter dubitella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter heringiella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter hilarella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter salicicolella
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera sinuella
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia intimella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella salicis
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus microcephalus
leafminerYponomeutidaeYponomeuta rorrella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora abietis-caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora euonymi-caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora laricis-epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora ribesii-epitea
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus salicti
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAcaphyllisa salicobia
stemborerdoubtfulCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga nielsenii
stemgallAgromyzidaeHexomyza simplicoides
stemgallAphididaeTuberolachnus salignus
stemgalldoubtfulCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga albipennis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga karschi
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pierreana
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pierrei
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pulvini
stemgallSesiidaeSynanthedon flaviventris
stemgallSesiidaeSynanthedon formicaeformis
stemgalldoubtfulTenthredinidaeEuura auritae
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma rufipes
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma pilosum
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus capreae
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus niger
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma salicis
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis farinosa
stemvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus ramicola
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma jacksoni
stemvagrantAphididaePlocamaphis flocculosa

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 9.v.2021