Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salix daphnoides

european violet-willow

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeKybos mucronatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis haupti
stemborerBuprestidaeLamprodila decipiens
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana tersa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela vigintipunctata
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus carpini
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera pluta
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhratora polaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAmetastegia perla
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura papillosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora kontuniemii
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes salicis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga salicis
stemgallTortricidaeCydia servillana
stemleaf spotPhylloxeridaePhylloxerina daphnodis
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus capreae
budgallTenthredinidaeEuura daphnoidica
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe adunca
leafgallCecidomyiidaeIteomyia capreae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga marginemtorquens
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria effusa
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus variabilis
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura plicadaphnoides
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura acutifoliae
leafminerCurculionidaeIsochnus sequensi
leafminerCurculionidaeRhamphus pulicarius
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis saligna
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter salictella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella salicis
leafpustuleuredinia teliararelyPuccinialesMelampsora caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora laricis-epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliararelyPuccinialesMelampsora ribesii-purpureae
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga degeerii
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma pilosum
inquilineCecidomyiidaeDasineura clausilia
stemvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus vitellinae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis farinosa
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus salicti
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella aegopodii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 2.iii.2021