Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salix purpurea

purple willow

synonym: Salix helix, Salix purpurea subsp. eburnea + lambertiana

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis polychloros
leafvagrantNymphalidaeApatura iris
leafvagrantGeometridaeBoudinotiana touranginii
leafvagrantSphingidaeSmerinthus ocellata
leafvagrantSphingidaeLaothoe populi
stemborerBuprestidaeDicerca aenea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeStauronematus platycerus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera aurata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia fulgurans
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus subauratus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura pavida
stemborerBuprestidaeLamprodila decipiens
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus guerini
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella obliquella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis ramulicola
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos sordidus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus stigmaticalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMimallygus lacteinervis
leafvagrantAphrophoridaeAphrophora pectoralis
stemhiddenAphrophoridaeAphrophora salicina
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis cerea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetidiocerus rutilans
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus similis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus vicinus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetidiocerus impressifrons
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos rufescens
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis marginata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis haupti
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina ordinaria
leafvagrantCixiidaePentastiridius beieri
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina lunaris
leafvagrantCicadellidaeSagatus punctifrons
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOrientus ishidae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela vigintipunctata
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeEllescus bipunctatus
leaf budhiddenThripidaeThrips viminalis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena linnaeana
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela cuprea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela tremulae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela saliceti
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePlagiodera versicolora
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela populi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhratora vitellinae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhratora tibialis
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeChaetocnema semicoerulea
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla brunneipennis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura hypoxantha
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura stichi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura punicea
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeEuura leucolena
leafvagrantArgidaeArge enodis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura caeruleocarpa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora beaumonti
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura bergmanni
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura papillosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeStauronematus saliciphilus
stemborerCephidaeJanus luteipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeRhogogaster chlorosoma
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris scabrana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeGelechia sororculella
leafhiddenTortricidaeApotomis infida
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix ocellana
leafhiddenTortricidaePammene populana
leafvagrantmainThripidaeMycterothrips salicis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora luteipes
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris effractana
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis valentinensis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis asiatica
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus salicisalbae
inquilineEriophyidaeStenacis palomaris
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes salicis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga salicis
stemborerElachistidaeChrysoclista splendida
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeEllescus infirmus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeAcalyptus carpini
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus salicinus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus majalis
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus melanophthalmus
inquilinelarvaApionidaeMelanapion minimum
stemvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus lapponum
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella theobaldi
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis roumanica
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus longisetosus
leaf budborerspring generationTortricidaeGypsonoma dealbana
leafvagrantsummer generationTortricidaeGypsonoma dealbana
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga saliciperda
stemgallTortricidaeCydia servillana
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon spuleri
stemborerSesiidaeSesia bembeciformis
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus parvus
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus gomesi
flowerborerCurculionidaeDorytomus taeniatus
flowergallEriophyidaeStenacis triradiata
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga insignis
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga lindhardti
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga rosaria
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe adunca
leafleaf spotRhytismatalesRhytisma salicinum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeIteomyia major
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga marginemtorquens
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga nervorum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga terminalis
leafgalldoubtfulEriophyidaeAceria iteina
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus craspedobius
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus magnirostris
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus tetanothrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus variabilis
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla abdominalis
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla intermedia
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla pulchra
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla saliceti
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla ambigua
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla elegantula
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura vesicator
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura viminalis
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura polita
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura virilis
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura purpureae
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera albiventris
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera curvatinervis
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera maura
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera salicivora
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera striola
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera versicolor
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza albitarsis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza tridentata
leafminerCurculionidaeIsochnus sequensi
leafminerCurculionidaeRhamphus pulicarius
leafminermainCurculionidaeTachyerges decoratus
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia stigmatella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis saligna
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter connexella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter pastorella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter salictella
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera sinuella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella pallidiciliella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella salicis
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus microcephalus
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora abietis-caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliararelyPuccinialesMelampsora caprearum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora laricis-epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora ribesii-purpureae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus phyllocoptoides
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytobia cambii
stemborerCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga purpureaperda
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga degeerii
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga dubiosa
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga justini
stemgalldoubtfulCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga karschi
stemgalldoubtfulCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga pulvini
stemgallSesiidaeSynanthedon flaviventris
stemgallSesiidaeSynanthedon formicaeformis
stemgallTenthredinidaeEuura salicispurpureae
stemvagrantAphididaePlocamaphis amerinae
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma pilosum
rootgallSaproleginialesJaraia salicis
inquilineCecidomyiidaeDasineura clausilia
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus mordvilkoi
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus niger
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus truncatus
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma rufipes
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma salicis
stemgallAphididaeTuberolachnus salignus
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis farinosa
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma italicum
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella aegopodii
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus nigricantis
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella archangelicae
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella konoi
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella aquatica

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 9.v.2021