Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Salix triandra

almond willow

synonym: Salix amygdalina, triandra subsp. concolor + discolor

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantSphingidaeSmerinthus ocellata
leafvagrantSphingidaeLaothoe populi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana tersa
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis ramulicola
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus salicti
stemhiddenAphrophoridaeAphrophora salicina
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos limpidus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIdiocerus stigmaticalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetidiocerus impressifrons
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis cerea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetidiocerus rutilans
leafvagrantCicadellidaeSagatus punctifrons
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina ordinaria
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKybos butleri
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis notata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis viridinervis
rootvagrantCixiidaeMyndus musivus
flowerborerCurculionidaeDorytomus taeniatus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeEllescus infirmus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCrepidodera aurata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGonioctena linnaeana
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGalerucella lineola
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLochmaea caprea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela cuprea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysomela saliceti
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePlagiodera versicolora
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhratora vitellinae
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeChaetocnema semicoerulea
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus saxonicus
leafhiddenTortricidaeApotomis infida
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia intimella
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeDorytomus melanophthalmus
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella archangelicae
leafvagrantsummer generationTortricidaeGypsonoma dealbana
leaf budborerspring generationTortricidaeGypsonoma dealbana
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga saliciperda
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga rosaria
stemgallSesiidaeSynanthedon formicaeformis
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella pastinacae
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeCavariella theobaldi
fruitgallspring generationCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga heterobia
flowergallEriophyidaeStenacis triradiata
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga gemmicolata
leaf budgalldoubtfulCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga iteobia
leaf budgallsummer generationdoubtfulCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga heterobia
leaf budgalldoubtfulEriophyidaeAculus gemmarum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe adunca
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia populi
leafleaf spotRhytismatalesRhytisma salicinum
leafleaf spotVenturialesVenturia saliciperda
leafgallCecidomyiidaeIteomyia capreae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga terminalis
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria craspedophyes
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus tetanothrix
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla brunneipennis
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla pulchra
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura testaceipes
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura triandrae
leafgallTenthredinidaeEuura oblita
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera albiventris
leafgallTriozidaeBactericera maura
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza albitarsis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza tridentata
leafminerChrysomelidaeZeugophora flavicollis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lusciniaepennella
leafminerCurculionidaeIsochnus sequensi
leafminerCurculionidaeRhamphus pulicarius
leafminerCurculionidaeTachyerges decoratus
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia stigmatella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis saligna
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis valentinensis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter heringiella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter pastorella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter salictella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella nivenburgensis
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella obliquella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella salicis
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus microcephalus
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora amygdalinae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsora epitea
leafpustuleuredinia teliararelyPuccinialesMelampsora ribesii-viminalis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAcaphyllisa salicobia
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytobia cambii
stemborerCecidomyiidaeRabdophaga triandraperda
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma pilosum
rootgallSaproleginialesJaraia salicis
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus niger
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus truncatus
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis farinosa
leafvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus nigricantis
stemgallAphididaeTuberolachnus salignus
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma rufipes
stemvagrantAphididaeChaitophorus vitellinae
stemvagrantAphididaePterocomma salicis
stemvagrantAphididaePlocamaphis flocculosa

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 18.iv.2021