Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ficus carica


organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella moroderi
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera cisti
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella virgulata
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella adspersula
flowerborerChloropidaeLasiambia fycoperda
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia umbellatarum
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera undulata
stemborerBuprestidaeChrysobothris affinis
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera quadrizonata
stemborerBuprestidaeMelanophila cuspidata
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania japonica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeFicocyba ficaria
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus hirsti
stemborerCurculionidaeLiparthrum mori
stemborerCurculionidaeHypoborus ficus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeLiparthrum curtum
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus rhododactylus
stemborerCurculionidaeHypothenemus eruditus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeHypothenemus leprieuri
fruitborerTephritidaeCeratitis capitata
leafvagrantTetranychidaePanonychus citri
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes pistaciae
fruitborerLonchaeidaeSilba adipata
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium tiliae
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus lenticularis
fruitborerdoubtfulTortricidaeCydia pomonella
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeAsetadiptacus emiliae
stemscaleCoccidaeSaissetia oleae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes proletella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes elevatus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleuroclava aucubae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurocanthus spiniferus
stemscaleCoccidaeSphaerolecanium prunastri
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes conchiformis
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus pulcher
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
fruitborerAphelenchoididaeSchistonchus caprifici
fruitgallAgaonidaeBlastophaga psenes
fruitgallAgaonidaePhilotrypesis caricae
leafgallChoreutidaeChoreutis nemorana
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria ficus
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella ficulnea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesCerotelium fici
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ficifoliae
leafvagrantHomotomidaeHomotoma ficus
stemgallDiaporthalesPhomopsis cinerascens
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 3.iv.2021