Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Paliurus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus rhamni
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus sartor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus varius
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus gratiosus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus clavipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Callimoxys gracilis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Hesperophanes sericeus
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus fasciculatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus kaehleri
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaglyptus gibbosus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Axinopalpis gracilis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus rufus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus budensis
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta rhamni
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria ascochytella
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta paliuri
leaf leaf spot Dothideaceae Dothidea paliuri
fruit vagrant Coreidae Coreus marginatus
fruit vagrant Coreidae Gonocerus acuteangulatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus reuteri
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterocordylus carbonellus
leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Solenosthedium bilunatum
leaf predator Pentatomidae Acrosternum heegeri
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Nezara viridula
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta tridens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta orientalis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Grammodes stolida
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Perigrapha rorida
leaf vagrant Pieridae Gonepteryx farinosa
leaf vagrant Geometridae Erannis declinans
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Eriogaster catax
leaf vagrant doubtful Notodontidae Dicranura ulmi
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Tarucus balkanica
flower vagrant Geometridae Phaiogramma etruscaria
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia cichorii
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia umbellatarum
stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Anthaxia plicata
flower borer rarely Curculionidae Pseudocoeliodes rubricus
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia paliuri
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix albella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella paliurella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 13.xi.2023