organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem borer Cosmopterigidae Sorhagenia janiszewskae
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurolobus wunni
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia carpini
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurotrachelus rhamnicola
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia afer
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Aphis praeterita
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes flava
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon stomoxiformis
stem borer Psilidae Chyliza leptogaster
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Cacopsylla myrthi
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Cacopsylla limbata
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pyrellicola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis zamorana
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis aurantii
fruit borer Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera kosarzewskella
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Wachtliella krumbholzi
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia borzi
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia rhamni
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe divaricata
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe friesei
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis commensalis
leaf gall Aphididae Macchiatiella rhamni
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria rhamni
leaf gall Eriophyidae Floracarus atillai
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aequsomatus annulatus
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla alaterni
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla rhamnicola
leaf gall Triozidae Trichochermes walkeri
leaf gall Triozidae Trioza kiefferi
leaf gall Triozidae Trioza marginepunctata
leaf gall Triozidae Trioza rhamni
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix alaternella
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix frangutella
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix rhamniella
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea
leaf miner Gelechiidae Microlechia rhamnifoliae
leaf miner Gracillariidae Calybites quadrisignella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella alaternella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella catharticella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crenulatae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pyrellicola
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella rhamnella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella rhamnophila
leaf miner Tortricidae Thiodia glandulosana
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia sesleriae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia mesnieriana
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis mammulata
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Pentamerus septemcarinatus
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Dasineura frangulae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae beccabungae
leaf gall Aphididae Macchiatiella rhamni
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis frangulae testacea


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 12.viii.2019