Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Rhamnus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaePseudocercospora bacilligera
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta frangulae
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria frangulae
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria variegata
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta rhamni
stemkankerNectriaceaeNectria cinnabarina
stemgallNectriaceaeNeonectria ditissima
rootfilmXylariaceaeDematophora necatrix
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia alaterni
leafleaf spotGlomerellaceaeColletotrichum gloeosporioides
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta paliuri
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta jahniana
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria cathartica
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria rhamni
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria rhamnigena
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta rhamni
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta cathartici
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta rhamnicola
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta osteospora
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaePseudocercospora bacilligera
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaePassalora rhamni
leafleaf spotDothideomycetesAsteromella vogelii
stemborerCerambycidaeTetrops praetermitus
stemborerCossidaeZeuzera pyrina
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris nemoralis
leafvagrantCoreidaePlinachtus imitator
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius minutus
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius niger
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris flavilinea
predatorMiridaeDeraeocoris lutescens
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus marginalis
leafvagrantMiridaeMiris striatus
fruitvagrantMiridaeNeolygus contaminatus
leafpredatorMiridaeGlobiceps sphaegiformis
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris buxi
leafvagrantPentatomidaeCarpocoris purpureipennis
leafvagrantdoubtfulAlydidaeMegalotomus junceus
leafvagrantMiridaeNeolygus viridis
leafvagrantMiridaeHeterocordylus erythropthalmus
predatorAnthocoridaeCardiastethus fasciiventris
fruitvagrantCoreidaeGonocerus acuteangulatus
leafvagrantMiridaeApolygus rhamnicola
leafscaleCoccidaeLichtensia viburni
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus aurifer
leafscaleAleyrodidaeSiphoninus phillyreae
leafvagrantGeometridaeTriphosa tauteli
leafvagrantGeometridaeCyclophora linearia
leafvagrantPieridaeGonepteryx farinosa
leafvagrantPieridaeGonepteryx cleobule
leafvagrantPieridaeGonepteryx eversi
leafvagrantPieridaeGonepteryx palmae
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes conchiformis
stemborerCerambycidaeOberea pedemontana
stemborerCerambycidaeOberea pedemontana
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEugnorisma glareosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia thalassina
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia contigua
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMelanchra persicariae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia gothica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmmopolia witzenmanni
stemborerCerambycidaePurpuricenus interscapillatus
leafhiddenNoctuidaeEupsilia transversa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeBrachionycha nubeculosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLithophane socia
leafvagrantNoctuidaeSideridis turbida
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmphipyra pyramidea
leafvagrantErebidaeLymantria dispar
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMalacosoma neustria
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeAcronicta strigosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta rumicis
leafvagrantZygaenidaeRhagades pruni
leafvagrantGeometridaeHemithea aestivaria
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis similis
leafvagrantrarelyNoctuidaeDiloba caeruleocephala
leafvagrantErebidaeOrgyia antiqua
leafvagrantGeometridaePeribatodes rhomboidaria
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis similis
leafvagrantGeometridaeCrocallis tusciaria
leafvagrantErebidaeOrgyia trigotephras
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlcis repandata
leafvagrantGeometridaeHypomecis punctinalis
leafvagrantGeometridaeAscotis selenaria
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeGastropacha quercifolia
leafvagrantSaturniidaeSaturnia pavonia
leafvagrantSaturniidaeSaturnia pavoniella
leafvagrantGeometridaeLomographa bimaculata
leafvagrantGeometridaeGnophos dumetata
leafvagrantGeometridaeAgriopis bajaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCrocallis elinguaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelenia dentaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelenia tetralunaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeOdontopera bidentata
leafvagrantGeometridaeBiston betularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeLycia hirtaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeMacaria alternata
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia virgaureata
leafvagrantGeometridaeGnophos sartata
leafvagrantGeometridaeAcasis viretata
leafvagrantErebidaeCoscinia cribraria
leafvagrantGeometridaePhilereme transversata
flowervagrantGeometridaeChloroclystis v-ata
leafvagrantGeometridaeItame vincularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeDysstroma citrata
leafvagrantGeometridaeTriphosa dubitata
leafvagrantGeometridaeTriphosa sabaudiata
leafhiddenGeometridaePhilereme vetulata
leafvagrantGeometridaeChloroclysta siterata
leafvagrantGeometridaeChloroclysta miata
leafhiddenGeometridaePhilereme vetulata
leafvagrantGeometridaePhilereme transversata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEctropis crepuscularia
leafvagrantdoubtfulLycaenidaeCupido argiades
leafvagrantGeometridaeTriphosa dubitata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEupithecia exiguata
leafvagrantPieridaeGonepteryx rhamni
leafvagrantPieridaeGonepteryx maderensis
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys rubi
leafvagrantLycaenidaeSatyrium spini
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys rubi
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
leafvagrantPieridaeGonepteryx cleopatra
leafvagrantZygaenidaeAglaope infausta
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia manca
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus roscidus
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaeAgrilus cyanescens
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera simulans
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia cichorii
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeAllygus mixtus
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeFieberiella bohemica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina suavis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina rhamni
leafvagrantCixiidaeCixius nervosus
stemborerCurculionidaeLymantor aceris
stemborerdoubtfulCurculionidaeScolytus rugulosus
stemborerCurculionidaeLymantor coryli
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus scarabaeoides
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus multistriatus
leafvagrantTetranychidaePanonychus ulmi
leafgallunknown on Frangula alnus
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus fulvomaculatus
leafvagrantThripidaeHercinothrips bicinctus
leafvagrantPsyllidaePsylla exima
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips brevicornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeRhogogaster scalaris
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis coriacanus
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis sparulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips crataegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis unculana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis obtusana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAristotelia baltica
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis apicella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis apicella
flowerhiddenCosmopterigidaeSorhagenia rhamniella
leafhiddenCosmopterigidaeSorhagenia lophyrella
leafhiddenTortricidaeRhopobota naevana
leafvagrantTortricidaeCacoecimorpha pronubana
leafhiddenPyralidaeAcrobasis romanella
leafhiddenPyralidaeAcrobasis legatea
leafvagrantPsyllidaeCacopsylla rhamnicola
leafhiddenTortricidaeEulia ministrana
leafoviposition scareggdoubtfulTenthredinidaeEriocampa ovata
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips crataegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis corylana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria punicea
leafhiddenTortricidaeExapate congelatella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris variegana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris bergmanniana
fruitborerTortricidaePhtheochroa sodaliana
fruitborerTortricidaeEupoecilia ambiguella
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus rhamni
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTetra rhamni
unknownunknownEriophyidaeEriophyes rhamni
stemborerCosmopterigidaeSorhagenia janiszewskae
stemscaleCoccidaeSaissetia oleae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurolobus wunni
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurotrachelus rhamnicola
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia afer
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAphis praeterita
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes flava
leafscaleCoccidaeCoccus hesperidum
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon stomoxiformis
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
leafvagrantPsyllidaeCacopsylla myrthi
leafvagrantPsyllidaeCacopsylla limbata
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella pyrellicola
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis zamorana
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis aurantii
fruitborerCecidomyiidaeLasioptera kosarzewskella
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeWachtliella krumbholzi
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia borzi
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia rhamni
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe divaricata
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe friesei
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafgallAphididaeAphis commensalis
leafgallAphididaeMacchiatiella rhamni
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria rhamni
leafgallEriophyidaeFloracarus atillai
leafgallEriophyidaeAequsomatus annulatus
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla alaterni
leafgallTriozidaeTrichochermes walkeri
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza kiefferi
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza marginepunctata
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza rhamni
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix alaternella
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix frangutella
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix rhamniella
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora violacea
leafminerGelechiidaeMicrolechia rhamnifoliae
leafminerGracillariidaeCalybites quadrisignella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella alaternella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella catharticella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella crenulatae
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella pyrellicola
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella rhamnella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella rhamnophila
leafminerTortricidaeThiodia glandulosana
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia sesleriae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia mesnieriana
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis mammulata
leafvagrantEriophyidaePentamerus septemcarinatus
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
inquilineCecidomyiidaeDasineura frangulae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAphis frangulae beccabungae
leafgallAphididaeMacchiatiella rhamni
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis frangulae testacea

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 10.xi.2022