Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rhamnus cathartica


synonym: Rhamnus catharticus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta rhamni
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta cathartici
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta rhamnicola
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Passalora rhamni
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella vogelii
predator Anthocoridae Orius minutus
predator Anthocoridae Orius niger
leaf predator Miridae Deraeocoris flavilinea
predator Miridae Deraeocoris lutescens
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus marginalis
fruit vagrant Coreidae Gonocerus acuteangulatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterocordylus erythropthalmus
predator Anthocoridae Cardiastethus fasciiventris
leaf vagrant Geometridae Triphosa tauteli
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Rhagades pruni
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis similis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Acasis viretata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis bajaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia virgaureata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Gnophos sartata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Triphosa sabaudiata
leaf hidden Geometridae Philereme vetulata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Philereme transversata
flower vagrant Geometridae Chloroclystis v-ata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Triphosa dubitata
leaf vagrant Pieridae Gonepteryx cleopatra
leaf vagrant Pieridae Gonepteryx rhamni
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Satyrium spini
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Aglaope infausta
stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Agrilus cyanescens
stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Fieberiella bohemica
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina suavis
stem borer Curculionidae Lymantor aceris
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus dispar
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis unculana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis obtusana
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
fruit borer Tortricidae Eupoecilia ambiguella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis apicella
flower hidden Cosmopterigidae Sorhagenia rhamniella
leaf hidden Cosmopterigidae Sorhagenia lophyrella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Rhopobota naevana
leaf hidden Pyralidae Acrobasis legatea
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Cacopsylla rhamnicola
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus fulvomaculatus
leaf hidden Tortricidae Eulia ministrana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura diversana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Exapate congelatella
leaf hidden doubtful Tortricidae Acleris bergmanniana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris variegana
fruit borer Tortricidae Phtheochroa sodaliana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tetra rhamni
unknown unknown Eriophyidae Eriophyes rhamni
stem borer Cosmopterigidae Sorhagenia janiszewskae
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae frangulae
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon stomoxiformis
fruit borer Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera kosarzewskella
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Wachtliella krumbholzi
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe friesei
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis commensalis
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria rhamni
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aequsomatus annulatus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Floracarus atillai
leaf gall Triozidae Trichochermes walkeri
leaf gall Triozidae Trioza rhamni
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix frangutella
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix rhamniella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea
leaf miner Gracillariidae Calybites quadrisignella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella catharticella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella rhamnella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis mammulata
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Pentamerus septemcarinatus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf gall Aphididae Macchiatiella rhamni


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.x.2022