Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rhamnus cathartica

buckthorn

synonym: Rhamnus catharticus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta rhamni
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta cathartici
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta rhamnicola
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaePassalora rhamni
leafleaf spotDothideomycetesAsteromella vogelii
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius minutus
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius niger
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris flavilinea
predatorMiridaeDeraeocoris lutescens
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus marginalis
fruitvagrantCoreidaeGonocerus acuteangulatus
leafvagrantMiridaeHeterocordylus erythropthalmus
predatorAnthocoridaeCardiastethus fasciiventris
leafvagrantGeometridaeTriphosa tauteli
leafvagrantZygaenidaeRhagades pruni
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis similis
leafvagrantGeometridaeAcasis viretata
leafvagrantGeometridaeAgriopis bajaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia virgaureata
leafvagrantGeometridaeGnophos sartata
leafvagrantGeometridaeTriphosa sabaudiata
leafhiddenGeometridaePhilereme vetulata
leafvagrantGeometridaePhilereme transversata
flowervagrantGeometridaeChloroclystis v-ata
leafvagrantGeometridaeTriphosa dubitata
leafvagrantPieridaeGonepteryx cleopatra
leafvagrantPieridaeGonepteryx rhamni
leafvagrantLycaenidaeSatyrium spini
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys rubi
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
leafvagrantZygaenidaeAglaope infausta
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaeAgrilus cyanescens
stemvagrantFlatidaeMetcalfa pruinosa
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeFieberiella bohemica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina suavis
stemborerCurculionidaeLymantor aceris
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis unculana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis obtusana
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
fruitborerTortricidaeEupoecilia ambiguella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis apicella
flowerhiddenCosmopterigidaeSorhagenia rhamniella
leafhiddenCosmopterigidaeSorhagenia lophyrella
leafhiddenTortricidaeRhopobota naevana
leafhiddenPyralidaeAcrobasis legatea
leafvagrantPsyllidaeCacopsylla rhamnicola
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus fulvomaculatus
leafhiddenTortricidaeEulia ministrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafhiddenTortricidaeExapate congelatella
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris bergmanniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris variegana
fruitborerTortricidaePhtheochroa sodaliana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTetra rhamni
unknownunknownEriophyidaeEriophyes rhamni
stemborerCosmopterigidaeSorhagenia janiszewskae
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeAphis frangulae frangulae
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon stomoxiformis
fruitborerCecidomyiidaeLasioptera kosarzewskella
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeWachtliella krumbholzi
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe friesei
leafgallAphididaeAphis commensalis
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria rhamni
leafgallEriophyidaeAequsomatus annulatus
leafgallEriophyidaeFloracarus atillai
leafgallTriozidaeTrichochermes walkeri
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza rhamni
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix frangutella
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix rhamniella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora violacea
leafminerGracillariidaeCalybites quadrisignella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella catharticella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella rhamnella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis mammulata
leafvagrantEriophyidaePentamerus septemcarinatus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafgallAphididaeMacchiatiella rhamni

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 29.x.2022