Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Prunus armeniaca

apricot

synonym: Armeniaca vulgaris

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria alternata
leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia carpophila
leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia cerasi
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Pentatoma rufipes
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania speculum
leaf vagrant Miridae Acrorrhinium conspersum
flower vagrant Miridae Closterotomus trivialis
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris longipennis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Rhaphigaster nebulosa
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus amygdali
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha vicina
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus integriceps
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carenoplistus acutus
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Piezodorus lituratus
leaf vagrant Tingidae Physatocheila municeps
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Polydrusus ponticus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus phillyreae
Margarodidae Gueriniella serratulae
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes japonicus
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ophiusa tirhaca
stem borer Cossidae Zeuzera pyrina
leaf gall Aphididae Myzus mumecola
leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera brumata
leaf vagrant Papilionidae Iphiclides feisthamelii
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Thecla betulae
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Aglaope infausta
leaf vagrant Papilionidae Iphiclides podalirius
stem borer Cossidae Cossus cossus
stem borer Buprestidae Perotis lugubris
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia sponsa
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus roscidus
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia kiesenwetteri
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia candens
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus macroderus
stem borer Buprestidae Ptosima undecimmaculata
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera pilosellae
stem borer Buprestidae Capnodis tenebrionis
root borer Buprestidae Perotis unicolor
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hauptidia maroccana
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina discolor
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina flammigera
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus saxesenii
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus dispar
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus mali
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus amygdali
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus rugulosus
stem borer Curculionidae Magdalis ruficornis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
fruit borer Eurytomidae Eurytoma schreineri
leaf hidden Pamphilidae Neurotoma saltuum
fruit borer Tenthredinidae Hoplocampa flava
fruit borer Tenthredinidae Hoplocampa minuta
leaf hidden Pamphilidae Neurotoma nemoralis
leaf hidden Chimabachidae Diurnea fagella
leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta padella
leaf vagrant Tingidae Stephanitis pyri
fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia pomonella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Neosphaleroptera nubilana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris variegana
stem borer Tortricidae Enarmonia formosana
systemic vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus lanceolatisetae
stem borer spring generation Gelechiidae Anarsia lineatella
fruit borer summer generation Gelechiidae Anarsia lineatella
flower gall larva Curculionidae Anthonomus amygdali
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus baudueri
leaf miner Rhynchitidae Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurocanthus spiniferus
stem scale Coccidae Sphaerolecanium prunastri
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
stem gall Eriophyidae Acalitus phloeocoptes
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura tortrix
fruit borer Tephritidae Ceratitis capitata
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominale
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
stem vagrant main Aphididae Pterochloroides persicae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe prunastri
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera pannosa
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera tridactyla
leaf gall spring generation rarely Aphididae Brachycaudus cardui
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Phorodon humuli
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes similis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes abaenus
leaf gall doubtful Psyllidae Cacopsylla affinis
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla melanoneura
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla picta
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla pruni
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae
leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix finitimella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella prunetorum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Leucotelium cerasi
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Tranzschelia discolor
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae
leaf vagrant spring generation rarely Aphididae Hyalopterus amygdali
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus schlechtendali
stem vagrant spring generation Aphididae Brachycaudus persicae
stem witches’ broom Taphrinales Taphrina armeniacae
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Hyalopterus pruni
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 27.x.2022