Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Prunus avium

wild cherry

synonym: Cerasus avium, juiana

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leaf budhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips inconsequens
fruitborerrarelyEurytomidaeEurytoma schreineri
fruitborerEurytomidaeEurytoma padi
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis cerasi
leafhiddenPamphilidaeNeurotoma iridescens
leafhiddenPamphilidaeNeurotoma nemoralis
leafhiddenPamphilidaeNeurotoma saltuum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora armata
leafvagrantCimbicidaeCimbex quadrimaculatus
fruitborerTenthredinidaeHoplocampa flava
fruitborerTenthredinidaeHoplocampa minuta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCladius brullei
leafhiddenYponomeutidaeYponomeuta padella
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
leafhiddenTortricidaeHedya pruniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris rhombana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLobesia reliquana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia signatana
leafhiddenTortricidaeHedya nubiferana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeRecurvaria leucatella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia fugitivella
stemgallEriophyidaeAcalitus phloeocoptes
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
fruitborerTortricidaeGrapholita funebrana
leafhiddenTortricidaePtycholoma lecheana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris umbrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris variegana
stemborerTortricidaeEnarmonia formosana
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhinotergum cerasifoliae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops berochensis
leafvagrantChoreutidaeChoreutis pariana
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla pruni
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeAnthonomus rectirostris
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeDeporaus betulae
fruitborerlarvaRhynchitidaeRhynchites auratus
budborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia pruniella
stemgalldoubtfulAphididaeMyzus langei
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
stemscaleDiaspididaeEpidiaspis leperii
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura tortrix
leafleaf spotHelotialesBlumeriella jaapii
leafleaf spotCapnodialesPassalora circumscissa
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
leafgallspring generationAphididaeMyzus varians
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus pulcher
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
fruitgallTephritidaeRhagoletis cerasi
fruitgallTephritidaeRhagoletis cingulata
flowergallCurculionidaeAnthonomus humeralis
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe prunastri
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia mali
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera tridactyla
leafleaf spotHelotialesCristulariella depraedans
leafgallspring generationrarelyAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafgallspring generationAphididaeMyzus cerasi
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes abaenus
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes eupadi
leafgallTaphrinalesTaphrina wiesneri
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora anatipenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora coracipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora hemerobiella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora prunifoliae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora spinella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora trigeminella
leafminerCurculionidaeRhamphus oxyacanthae
leafminerGelechiidaeRecurvaria nanella
leafminerGracillariidaeParornix anguliferella
leafminerGracillariidaeParornix finitimella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter corylifoliella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter hostis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter sorbi
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera malifoliella
leafminerLyonetiidaeLyonetia clerkella
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia atricollis
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia mahalebella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella oxyacanthella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella plagicolella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella prunetorum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesLeucotelium cerasi
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesOchropsora ariae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPucciniastrum areolatum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesTranzschelia discolor
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesTranzschelia pruni-spinosae
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeHyalopterus pruni
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeDiptacus gigantorhynchus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus fockeui
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus schlechtendali
stemvagrantspring generationAphididaeBrachycaudus persicae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 27.v.2020