Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Aronia

Aronia chokeberry

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a rather large, round blotch with reddish brown frass in concentric arcs: Leucoptera malifoliella

1b galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 9.x.2017