Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cotoneaster horizontalis

wall cotoneaster

synonym: Cotoneaster davidianus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
stem scale Diaspididae Comstockaspis perniciosa
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes malicola
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia rubrioculus
leaf hidden Pyralidae Acrobasis suavella
leaf scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus comstocki
leaf vagrant Geometridae Opisthograptis luteolata
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Teleiodes vulgella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Athrips rancidella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis consimilana
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus pauciannulatus
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria hydrangeae
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis pomi
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Paraswammerdamia nebulella
stem gall summer generation Aphididae Eriosoma lanigerum
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 25.v.2023