Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Cotoneaster

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus globus
stem borer Cerambycidae Anoplophora chinensis
flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips bicolor
leaf miner Taneiothrips inconsequens
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips minutissimus
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia plicata
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx dux
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Niphona picticornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leiopus syriacus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus flavicornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus rufus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidus
leaf vagrant adult Cerambycidae Tetrops praeustus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Glaphyra umbellatarum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidus
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus thelicraniae
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus urticae
stem scale Diaspididae Comstockaspis perniciosa
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes malicola
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia rubrioculus
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus mespili
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Oligonychus ilicis
root collar borer Buprestidae Capnodis tenebrionis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus armadillo
leaf hidden Pyralidae Acrobasis suavella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Hedya nubiferana
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Athrips mouffetella
systemic film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora cambivora
leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia inaequalis
stem kanker Nectriaceae Fusarium lateritium
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Horvathiolus superbus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha longispinis
leaf vagrant Acanthosomatidae Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Otiorhynchus crataegi
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus apenninus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus meridionalis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus sulcatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius pilicornis
leaf scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus comstocki
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia incerta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Diloba caeruleocephala
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia antiqua
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Saturnia pavonia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Gnophos furvata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Crocallis elinguaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Biston betularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Opisthograptis luteolata
leaf vagrant Papilionidae Iphiclides podalirius
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia ghazi
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus sinuatus
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus roscidus
stem borer Buprestidae Perotis lugubris
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella flavofasciata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina schneideri
stem borer Curculionidae Lymantor aceris
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus mali
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus rugulosus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Panonychus ulmi
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dineura stilata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Caliroa cerasi
leaf hidden Pamphilidae Neurotoma saltuum
stem gall Eriophyidae Acalitus phloeocoptes
leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha asperella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis achatana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Eudemis porphyrana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis tineana
leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta padella
leaf vagrant Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha scabrella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Teleiodes vulgella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Athrips medjella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Athrips rancidella
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dineura testaceipes
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis consimilana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips crataegana
leaf vagrant Tingidae Stephanitis pyri
fruit borer rarely Tortricidae Grapholita janthinana
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Acleris holmiana
systemic vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus lanceolatisetae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Eriophyes propinquus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops arianus
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus pauciannulatus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes cotoneastri
fruit borer larva Rhynchitidae Rhynchites bacchus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus phillyreae
leaf miner Rhynchitidae Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
leaf leaf spot Helotiales Diplocarpon mespili
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria hydrangeae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
fruit borer Tephritidae Anomoia purmunda
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis pomi
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes aroniae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes pyri
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora coracipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella
leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae
leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella
leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto pfaffenzelleri
leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Parornix devoniella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai
leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella
leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella mespilicola
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Paraswammerdamia nebulella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium fusisporum
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus schlechtendali
stem gall summer generation Aphididae Eriosoma lanigerum
stem gall Eriophyidae Acalitus cotoneastri
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
unknown miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia padifoliella
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphon chaetosiphon
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 24.xi.2023