Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Malus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown scale Coccidae Palaeolecanium kosswigi
unknown scale Coccidae Eulecanium nocivum
stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus viburni
unknown scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus transcaucasicus
stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus ficus
leaf scale Pseudococcidae Heliococcus bohemicus
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia recens
root vagrant Curculionidae Peritelus sphaeroides
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus exophthalmus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus aethiops
stem borer Cerambycidae Anoplophora chinensis
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
unknown unknown Aeolothripidae Melanthrips rivnayi
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips kurdjumovi
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips fuscus
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips minutissimus
predator Phlaeothripidae Xylaplothrips fuliginosus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips calcaratus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Parthenothrips dracaenae
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
stem vagrant Thripidae Limothrips denticornis
flower hidden Thripidae Neohydatothrips gracilicornis
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips angusticeps
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips andresi
leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips melaleucus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips linarius
unknown unknown Thripidae Dendrothrips phyllireae
leaf vagrant Thripidae Mycterothrips albidicornis
unknown unknown Thripidae Mycterothrips tschirkunae
leaf predator Thripidae Scolothrips longicornis
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips knechteli
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips tritici
leaf vagrant doubtful Sphingidae Laothoe populi
stem vagrant Dictyopharidae Dictyophara multireticulata
stem vagrant Issidae Agalmatium flavescens
stem vagrant Issidae Kervillea beysehirica
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Cilix asiatica
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesosa nebulosa
leaf vagrant Geometridae Opisthograptis luteolata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Crocallis elinguaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ourapteryx sambucaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis leucophaearia
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus macropus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Isotomus speciosus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Niphona picticornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Neoclytus acuminatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus chinensis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus rufus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Phymatodes testaceus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leiopus linnei
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus rusticus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus arvicola
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus varius
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidulus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leiopus nebulosus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Saperda scalaris
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus femoratus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Leiopus femoratus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Hesperophanes sericeus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus taurusiensis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Obrium cantharinum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus clavipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus arietis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenocorus meridianus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Aegosoma scabricorne
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhagium bifasciatum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Dinoptera collaris
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Glaphyra kiesenwetteri
stem borer Cerambycidae Tetrops starkii
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Semanotus russicus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Necydalis major
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Grammoptera ruficornis
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx welensii
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus kaehleri
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eutetranychus orientalis
stem borer Cerambycidae Tetrops gilvipennis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Prionus coriarius
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Glaphyra umbellatarum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesosa curculionoides
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Gracilia minuta
leaf borer Noctuidae Agrochola blidaensis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus stebbingi
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia macedonica
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus ater
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pyrrhidium sanguineum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaglyptus mysticus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus canadensis
stem scale Diaspididae Aonidiella aurantii
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus pinnulifer
unknown scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus anatolicus
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus lenticularis
stem scale Diaspididae Aulacaspis rosae
stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
leaf scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes beckii
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes pistaciae
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus coryli
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus carpini
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus turkestani
unknown scale Diaspididae Suturaspis archangelskyae
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus prunicola
stem scale Diaspididae Comstockaspis perniciosa
stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Haplorhynchites caeruleus
root collar borer Buprestidae Capnodis tenebrionis
leaf gall Unknown code! Aphididae Dysaphis physocaulis
leaf gall Unknown code! Aphididae Dysaphis chaerophyllina
leaf gall Unknown code! Aphididae Dysaphis brachycyclica
leaf gall Unknown code! Aphididae Dysaphis flava
leaf vagrant Tingidae Monosteira unicostata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Conistra rubiginea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Alsophila aescularia
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia incerta
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Gelechia rhombella
leaf hidden Pyralidae Acrobasis obtusella
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hypomecis punctinalis
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Panonychus ulmi
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus ludeni
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Tenuipalpus caudatus
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes malicola
leaf vagrant Tingidae Monosteira lobulifera
leaf vagrant Tingidae Physatocheila confinis
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium ciliatum
unknown scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus marani
unknown scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus kaussarii
unknown unknown Coccidae Didesmococcus unifasciatus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Otiorhynchus cribricollis
fruit down Sclerotiniaceae Monilinia laxa
leaf bud Camarosporiaceae Camarosporium karstenii
leaf bud down Botryosphaeriaceae Diplodia griffonii
stem kanker Botryosphaeriaceae Botryosphaeria quercuum
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Mycosphaerella pomi
leaf leaf spot Drepanopezizaceae Diplocarpon mespili
leaf leaf spot Elsinoaceae Elsinoë pyri
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta angulata
leaf leaf spot Phaeosphaeriaceae Hendersonia mali
stem kanker Pleosporaceae Pleospora fructicola
stem kanker Dermateaceae Pezicula corticola
stem kanker Dermateaceae Cryptosporiopsis corticola
stem kanker Dermateaceae Pezicula malicorticis
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Asteromella pomi
root film Pythiaceae Pythium sylvaticum
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium albo-atrum
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium dahliae
root film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora citricola
root film Helicobasidiaceae Helicobasidium purpureum
root film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora syringae
stem kanker Nectriaceae Nectria cinnabarina
stem kanker Rhytismataceae Phacidiopycnis pyri
leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia pyrina
stem pustule Didymellaceae Didymella macrostoma
stem kanker Nectriaceae Fusarium lateritium
systemic film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora cactorum
root film Xylariaceae Dematophora necatrix
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella mali
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Amphitetranychus viennensis
stem borer larva Cerambycidae Tetrops praeustus
fruit vagrant doubtful Lygaeidae Metopoplax ditomoides
stem borer Cossidae Zeuzera pyrina
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus lederi
leaf predator Miridae Phytocoris pini
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Halyomorpha halys
stem predator Anthocoridae Xylocoridea brevipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus punctulatus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Pentatoma rufipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus tenellus
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Psallus wagneri
leaf vagrant Miridae Miris striatus
leaf predator Miridae Globiceps sphaegiformis
predator Miridae Isometopus intrusus
predator Anthocoridae Orius niger
leaf predator Miridae Heterocordylus genistae
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris irroratus
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris nemoralis
predator Miridae Pilophorus perplexus
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Megalonotus praetextatus
predator Miridae Deraeocoris trifasciatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris hirsutulus
leaf predator Miridae Phytocoris reuteri
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygocoris rugicollis
leaf vagrant Miridae Dionconotus cruentatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Dionconotus neglectus
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris dimidiatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris longipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris ulmi
fruit vagrant Pyrrhocoridae Pyrrhocoris apterus
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus ambiguus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus marginalis
leaf predator Miridae Deraeocoris flavilinea
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus amygdali
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha spinosula
stem vagrant Pentatomidae Palomena prasina
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Piezodorus lituratus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Rhaphigaster nebulosa
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Peribalus strictus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus integriceps
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha longispinis
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygocoris pabulinus
predator Miridae Deraeocoris olivaceus
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris tiliae
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus rugulipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus pratensis
leaf predator Miridae Malacocoris chlorizans
leaf predator Miridae Blepharidopterus angulatus
leaf predator Miridae Campylomma verbasci
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Psallus variabilis
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Psallus mollis
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Phylus melanocephalus
predator Anthocoridae Orius minutus
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris confusus
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris nemorum
predator Miridae Deraeocoris lutescens
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris scitulus
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterotoma merioptera
predator Miridae Heterotoma planicornis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus picus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Philopedon plagiatum
predator Miridae Atractotomus mali
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus mollis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius oblongus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius maculicornis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius argentatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus reichi
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus carinatopunctatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus meridionalis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius viridicollis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus inustus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Retithrips syriacus
leaf leaf spot Phyllachorales Polystigma rubrum
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Mimas tiliae
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus californicus
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus lilium
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lithophane socia
leaf scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus comstocki
leaf vagrant Erebidae Hyphantria cunea
leaf hidden Crambidae Hydriris ornatalis
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus dictyospermi
stem borer adult Bostrichidae Schistoceros bimaculatus
scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus pyri
scale Diaspididae Melanaspis inopinata
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx miles
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx nodulosus
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx scopolii
stem borer Cerambycidae Parmena unifasciata
stem borer Cerambycidae Parmena balteus
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus campestris
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes ceriferus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia suasa
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes japonicus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia cruda
stem borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus ledereri
leaf hidden Noctuidae Eupsilia transversa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Conistra vaccinii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Conistra rubiginosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Asteroscopus sphinx
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Allophyes oxyacanthae
leaf hidden Tortricidae Epiphyas postvittana
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lamprosticta culta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra pyramidea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra perflua
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cosmia pyralina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cosmia trapezina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta tridens
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Stauropus fagi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Trichosea ludifica
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Colocasia coryli
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lomographa temerata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Lymantria dispar
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Diloba caeruleocephala
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia antiqua
leaf vagrant Erebidae Calliteara pudibunda
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis similis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Lymantria monacha
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis chrysorrhoea
leaf vagrant Nolidae Nola cucullatella
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes ilicaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Arctia caja
leaf vagrant Geometridae Campaea margaritaria
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Poecilocampa populi
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma neustria
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Macrothylacia rubi
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Gastropacha quercifolia
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Saturnia pavonia
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Aglia tau
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Smerinthus ocellata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Phigalia pilosaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Apocheima hispidaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis aurantiaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis marginaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis bajaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia hirtaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia pomonaria
leaf hidden Crambidae Loxostege sticticalis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ectropis crepuscularia
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Cilix glaucata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selenia tetralunaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Odontopera bidentata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Colotois pennaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Spilosoma lubricipeda
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes rhomboidaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Deileptenia ribeata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chloroclysta siterata
leaf hidden Geometridae Pasiphila rectangulata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Plemyria rubiginata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera brumata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia exiguata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia insigniata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Erannis defoliaria
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Nymphalis polychloros
leaf vagrant Pieridae Aporia crataegi
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Macaria alternata
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Zizeeria knysna
leaf vagrant Papilionidae Iphiclides podalirius
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Aglaope infausta
stem borer Tortricidae Grapholita molesta
stem borer Cossidae Cossus cossus
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Sphinx ligustri
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Acherontia atropos
leaf vagrant Tingidae Physatocheila smreczynskii
stem borer Buprestidae Dicerca alni
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella flavofasciata
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella adspersula
stem borer Buprestidae Chalcophorella fabricii
stem borer Buprestidae Scintillatrix gloriosa
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia fulgurans
stem borer Buprestidae Chrysobothris affinis
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia candens
stem borer Buprestidae Perotis lugubris
stem borer Buprestidae Dicerca aenea
stem borer Buprestidae Capnodis carbonaria
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia sponsa
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia plicata
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia scutellaris
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia salicis
stem borer Buprestidae Ptosima undecimmaculata
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus roscidus
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus sinuatus
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia semicuprea
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia suzannae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Cicadella viridis
leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Swammerdamia pyrella
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Fagocyba cruenta
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania hedenborgi
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania speculum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana frustrator
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arboridia erecta
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Fieberiella bohemica
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Cixius nervosus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina discolor
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Tachycixius pilosus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana crataegi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana rosae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Ledra aurita
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Reptalus quinquecostatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina flammigera
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Fruticidia bisignata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina schneideri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Kyboasca maligna
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Orientus ishidae
stem borer Curculionidae Trypodendron domesticum
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus mali
stem borer Curculionidae Hylesinus fraxini
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus rugulosus
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus saxesenii
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus dispar
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia ulmophila
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia praetiosa
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Panonychus citri
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia angustisetis
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia rubrioculus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia vasiljevi
stem scale Pseudococcidae Coccura comari
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus pruni
stem borer Curculionidae Magdalis ruficornis
stem borer Curculionidae Magdalis cerasi
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus uncatus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus tiliarium
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Luperus xanthopoda
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium persicae
leaf bud hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips inconsequens
unknown unknown Rhynchitidae Rhynchites giganteus
stem borer Curculionidae Magdalis barbicornis
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales Didymella pomorum
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Caliroa cerasi
leaf vagrant Cimbicidae Cimbex quadrimaculatus
stem borer Cephidae Janus compressus
leaf hidden Tenthredinidae Pamphilius sylvaticus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
leaf hidden Peleopodidae Carcina quercana
leaf hidden Chimabachidae Diurnea fagella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis coriacanus
stem scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus aceris
stem scale Coccidae Sphaerolecanium prunastri
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis selenana
leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha asperella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Hedya pruniana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Eudemis porphyrana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis tineana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Epinotia signatana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Hedya nubiferana
leaf vagrant Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha scabrella
leaf vagrant Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha horridella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Recurvaria leucatella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Teleiodes vulgella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Rhopobota naevana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Spilonota ocellana
leaf gall Aphididae Dysaphis affinis
fruit borer Tortricidae Pammene argyrana
fruit borer Tortricidae Pammene rhediella
stem gall Helotiales Neofabraea perennans
stem gall Diaporthales Diaporthe perniciosa
stem oviposition scar egg Membracidae Stictocephala bisonia
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ditula angustiorana
stem oviposition scar egg Membracidae Stictocephala bisonia
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis consimilana
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora maesta
leaf oviposition scar doubtful Tenthredinidae Pristiphora abbreviata
leaf hidden Tortricidae Syndemis musculana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips xylosteana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips rosana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura hebenstreitella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura lafauryana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips podana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips crataegana
leaf vagrant Tingidae Stephanitis pyri
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis cinnamomeana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura diversana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis cerasana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis heparana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Sparganothis pilleriana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ptycholoma lecheana
fruit borer main Tortricidae Cydia pomonella
fruit borer Tortricidae Grapholita lobarzewskii
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana
stem gall Hypocreales Neonectria ditissima
leaf hidden Tortricidae Neosphaleroptera nubilana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Exapate congelatella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris fimbriana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris cristana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris lipsiana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris rhombana
stem borer Tortricidae Enarmonia formosana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris holmiana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris variegana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris aspersana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus ruber
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pritchardi
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus mespili
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus obovatus
systemic vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus lanceolatisetae
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhinotergum schestovici
stem borer spring generation rarely Gelechiidae Anarsia lineatella
fruit borer summer generation Gelechiidae Anarsia lineatella
leaf vagrant Choreutidae Choreutis pariana
leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae
stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Involvulus cupreus
fruit borer larva rarely Rhynchitidae Rhynchites auratus
fruit borer larva Rhynchitidae Rhynchites bacchus
fruit borer larva Rhynchitidae Tatianaerhynchites aequatus
stem borer Yponomeutidae Argyresthia ivella
fruit borer Yponomeutidae Argyresthia conjugella
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus phillyreae
leaf miner Rhynchitidae Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurocanthus spiniferus
leaf vagrant spring generation doubtful Aphididae Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella stettinensis
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria hydrangeae
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon codeti
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon vespiformis
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon myopaeformis
root gall doubtful Aphididae Aploneura ampelina
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla crataegi
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria regalis
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
fruit borer Tephritidae Anomoia purmunda
fruit gall Tenthredinidae Hoplocampa testudinea
fruit pustule Helotiales Monilinia fructigena
flower borer Yponomeutidae Argyresthia curvella
flower gall rarely Curculionidae Anthonomus piri
flower gall Curculionidae Anthonomus pomorum
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia mali
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera leucotricha
leaf leaf spot Venturiales Venturia inaequalis
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis pomi
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Dysaphis brancoi
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Dysaphis chaerophylli
leaf gall spring generation main Aphididae Dysaphis plantaginea
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Dysaphis radicola
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Allocotaphis quaestionis
leaf gall Aphididae Dysaphis devecta
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura mali
leaf gall Eriophyidae Epitrimerus malimarginemtorquens
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes mali
leaf gall doubtful Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes goniothorax
leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes malinus
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla mali
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla melanoneura
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla picta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza heringiana
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora coracipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea
leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae
leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix petiolella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter anceps
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter blancardella
leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter gerasimowi
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis
leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter pyrifoliella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria oehlmanniella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi
leaf miner Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta malinellus
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium tremelloides
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Ochropsora ariae
leaf vagrant spring generation main Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Dysaphis anthrisci
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Ovatus crataegarius
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Diptacus gigantorhynchus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Calepitrimerus baileyi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus schlechtendali
stem borer Agromyzidae Phytobia carbonaria
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Resseliella oculiperda
stem gall summer generation Aphididae Eriosoma lanigerum
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem gall Diaspididae Epidiaspis leperii
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
stem miner Elachistidae Blastodacna atra
predator Cecidomyiidae Arthrocnodax mali
predator Cecidomyiidae Arthrocnodax wissmanni
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis mali
root collar vagrant spring generation Aphididae Dysaphis anthrisci
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
stem scale Coccidae Palaeolecanium bituberculatum
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 22.i.2024