Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Malus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotDothideomycetesAsteromella mali
leafleaf spotGlomerellaceaeColletotrichum gloeosporioides
leafvagrantTetranychidaeAmphitetranychus viennensis
stemborerlarvaCerambycidaeTetrops praeustus
fruitvagrantdoubtfulLygaeidaeMetopoplax ditomoides
stemborerCossidaeZeuzera pyrina
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus lederi
leafpredatorMiridaePhytocoris pini
leafvagrantPentatomidaeHalyomorpha halys
stempredatorAnthocoridaeXylocoridea brevipennis
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus punctulatus
leafvagrantPentatomidaePentatoma rufipes
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus tenellus
leafvagrantrarelyMiridaePsallus wagneri
leafvagrantMiridaeMiris striatus
leafpredatorMiridaeGlobiceps sphaegiformis
predatorMiridaeIsometopus intrusus
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius niger
leafpredatorMiridaeHeterocordylus genistae
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris irroratus
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris nemoralis
predatorMiridaePilophorus perplexus
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeMegalonotus praetextatus
predatorMiridaeDeraeocoris trifasciatus
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris hirsutulus
leafpredatorMiridaePhytocoris reuteri
leafvagrantMiridaeLygocoris rugicollis
leafvagrantMiridaeDionconotus cruentatus
leafvagrantMiridaeDionconotus neglectus
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris dimidiatus
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris longipennis
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris ulmi
fruitvagrantPyrrhocoridaePyrrhocoris apterus
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus ambiguus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthotylus marginalis
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris flavilinea
leafvagrantPentatomidaeApodiphus amygdali
leafvagrantPentatomidaeDolycoris baccarum
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMustha spinosula
stemvagrantPentatomidaePalomena prasina
flowervagrantPentatomidaePiezodorus lituratus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeRhaphigaster nebulosa
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema ornata
leafvagrantPentatomidaePeribalus strictus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeApodiphus integriceps
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMustha longispinis
leafvagrantMiridaeLygocoris pabulinus
predatorMiridaeDeraeocoris olivaceus
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris tiliae
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus rugulipennis
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus pratensis
leafpredatorMiridaeMalacocoris chlorizans
leafpredatorMiridaeBlepharidopterus angulatus
leafpredatorMiridaeCampylomma verbasci
leafvagrantrarelyMiridaePsallus variabilis
leafvagrantrarelyMiridaePsallus mollis
leafvagrantrarelyMiridaePhylus melanocephalus
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius minutus
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris confusus
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris nemorum
predatorMiridaeDeraeocoris lutescens
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris scitulus
leafvagrantMiridaeHeterotoma merioptera
predatorMiridaeHeterotoma planicornis
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus picus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePhilopedon plagiatum
predatorMiridaeAtractotomus mali
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus mollis
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePhyllobius oblongus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePhyllobius maculicornis
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePhyllobius argentatus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus reichi
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus carinatopunctatus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus meridionalis
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePhyllobius viridicollis
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus inustus
leafvagrantThripidaeRetithrips syriacus
leafleaf spotPhyllachoralesPolystigma rubrum
leafvagrantSphingidaeMimas tiliae
leafvagrantSphingidaeLaothoe populi
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus californicus
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus lilium
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLithophane socia
leafscalePseudococcidaePseudococcus comstocki
leafvagrantErebidaeHyphantria cunea
leafhiddenCrambidaeHydriris ornatalis
scaleDiaspididaeChrysomphalus dictyospermi
stemboreradultBostrichidaeSchistoceros bimaculatus
scaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus pyri
scaleDiaspididaeMelanaspis inopinata
stemborerCerambycidaeCerambyx miles
stemborerCerambycidaeCerambyx nodulosus
stemborerCerambycidaeCerambyx scopolii
stemborerCerambycidaeParmena unifasciata
stemborerCerambycidaeParmena balteus
stemborerCerambycidaeTrichoferus campestris
stemscaleCoccidaeCeroplastes ceriferus
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia suasa
stemscaleCoccidaeCeroplastes japonicus
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia cruda
stemborerCerambycidaeRopalopus ledereri
leafhiddenNoctuidaeEupsilia transversa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeConistra vaccinii
leafvagrantNoctuidaeConistra rubiginosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAsteroscopus sphinx
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAllophyes oxyacanthae
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpiphyas postvittana
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLamprosticta culta
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmphipyra pyramidea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmphipyra perflua
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCosmia pyralina
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCosmia trapezina
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta tridens
leafvagrantNotodontidaeStauropus fagi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeTrichosea ludifica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeColocasia coryli
leafvagrantGeometridaeLomographa temerata
leafvagrantErebidaeLymantria dispar
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiloba caeruleocephala
leafvagrantErebidaeOrgyia antiqua
leafvagrantErebidaeCalliteara pudibunda
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis similis
leafvagrantErebidaeLymantria monacha
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis chrysorrhoea
leafvagrantNolidaeNola cucullatella
leafvagrantGeometridaePeribatodes ilicaria
leafvagrantErebidaeArctia caja
leafvagrantGeometridaeCampaea margaritaria
leafvagrantLasiocampidaePoecilocampa populi
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMalacosoma neustria
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMacrothylacia rubi
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeGastropacha quercifolia
leafvagrantSaturniidaeSaturnia pavonia
leafvagrantSaturniidaeAglia tau
leafvagrantSphingidaeSmerinthus ocellata
leafvagrantGeometridaePhigalia pilosaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeApocheima hispidaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAgriopis aurantiaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAgriopis marginaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAgriopis bajaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeLycia hirtaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeLycia pomonaria
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege sticticalis
leafvagrantGeometridaeEctropis crepuscularia
leafvagrantDrepanidaeCilix glaucata
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelenia tetralunaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeOdontopera bidentata
leafvagrantGeometridaeColotois pennaria
leafvagrantErebidaeSpilosoma lubricipeda
leafvagrantGeometridaePeribatodes rhomboidaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeDeileptenia ribeata
leafvagrantGeometridaeChloroclysta siterata
leafhiddenGeometridaePasiphila rectangulata
leafvagrantGeometridaePlemyria rubiginata
leafvagrantGeometridaeOperophtera brumata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEupithecia exiguata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEupithecia insigniata
leafvagrantGeometridaeErannis defoliaria
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis polychloros
leafvagrantPieridaeAporia crataegi
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
leafvagrantGeometridaeMacaria alternata
leafvagrantLycaenidaeZizeeria knysna
leafvagrantPapilionidaeIphiclides podalirius
leafvagrantZygaenidaeAglaope infausta
stemborerTortricidaeGrapholita molesta
stemborerCossidaeCossus cossus
leafvagrantSphingidaeSphinx ligustri
leafvagrantSphingidaeAcherontia atropos
leafvagrantTingidaePhysatocheila smreczynskii
stemborerBuprestidaeDicerca alni
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella flavofasciata
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella adspersula
stemborerBuprestidaeChalcophorella fabricii
stemborerBuprestidaeScintillatrix gloriosa
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia fulgurans
stemborerBuprestidaeChrysobothris affinis
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia candens
stemborerBuprestidaeCapnodis tenebrionis
stemborerBuprestidaePerotis lugubris
stemborerBuprestidaeDicerca aenea
stemborerBuprestidaeCapnodis carbonaria
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia sponsa
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia plicata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia scutellaris
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia salicis
stemborerBuprestidaePtosima undecimmaculata
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus roscidus
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus sinuatus
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia semicuprea
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia suzannae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCicadella viridis
leafhiddenYponomeutidaeSwammerdamia pyrella
leafvagrantCicadellidaeFagocyba cruenta
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania hedenborgi
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania speculum
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana frustrator
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArboridia erecta
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeFieberiella bohemica
leafvagrantCixiidaeCixius nervosus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina discolor
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeTachycixius pilosus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana crataegi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana rosae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeLedra aurita
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus quinquecostatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina flammigera
leafvagrantCicadellidaeFruticidia bisignata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina schneideri
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKyboasca maligna
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOrientus ishidae
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron domesticum
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus mali
stemborerCurculionidaeHylesinus fraxini
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus rugulosus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia ulmophila
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia praetiosa
leafvagrantTetranychidaePanonychus citri
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia angustisetis
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia rubrioculus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia vasiljevi
stemscalePseudococcidaeCoccura comari
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus pruni
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis ruficornis
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis cerasi
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus uncatus
unknownunknownPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips reuteri
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips meridionalis
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips fuscipennis
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus tiliarium
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus xanthopoda
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium persicae
leaf budhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips inconsequens
unknownunknownRhynchitidaeRhynchites giganteus
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis barbicornis
leafleaf spotPleosporalesDidymella pomorum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCaliroa cerasi
leafvagrantCimbicidaeCimbex quadrimaculatus
stemborerCephidaeJanus compressus
leafhiddenTenthredinidaePamphilius sylvaticus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leafhiddenPeleopodidaeCarcina quercana
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea fagella
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis coriacanus
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus aceris
stemscaleCoccidaeSphaerolecanium prunastri
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis selenana
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha asperella
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus perniciosus
leafhiddenTortricidaeHedya pruniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEudemis porphyrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis tineana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia signatana
leafhiddenTortricidaeHedya nubiferana
leafvagrantYpsolophidaeYpsolopha scabrella
leafvagrantYpsolophidaeYpsolopha horridella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeRecurvaria leucatella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeTeleiodes vulgella
leafhiddenTortricidaeRhopobota naevana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSpilonota ocellana
leafgallAphididaeDysaphis affinis
fruitborerTortricidaePammene argyrana
fruitborerTortricidaePammene rhediella
stemgallHelotialesNeofabraea perennans
stemgallHelotialesNeofabraea malicorticis
stemgallDiaporthalesDiaporthe perniciosa
stemoviposition scareggMembracidaeStictocephala bisonia
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
stemoviposition scareggMembracidaeStictocephala bisonia
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis consimilana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora maesta
leafoviposition scardoubtfulTenthredinidaePristiphora abbreviata
leafhiddenTortricidaeSyndemis musculana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips rosana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura hebenstreitella
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura lafauryana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips crataegana
leafvagrantTingidaeStephanitis pyri
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cinnamomeana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSparganothis pilleriana
leafhiddenTortricidaePtycholoma lecheana
fruitborermainTortricidaeCydia pomonella
fruitborerTortricidaeGrapholita lobarzewskii
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria ditissima
leafhiddenTortricidaeNeosphaleroptera nubilana
leafhiddenTortricidaeExapate congelatella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris fimbriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris cristana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris lipsiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris rhombana
stemborerTortricidaeEnarmonia formosana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris holmiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris variegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris aspersana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus ruber
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus pritchardi
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus mespili
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus obovatus
systemicvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus lanceolatisetae
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhinotergum schestovici
stemborerspring generationrarelyGelechiidaeAnarsia lineatella
fruitborersummer generationGelechiidaeAnarsia lineatella
leafvagrantChoreutidaeChoreutis pariana
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
stemborerlarvaRhynchitidaeInvolvulus cupreus
stemborerlarvaRhynchitidaeRhynchites caeruleus
fruitborerlarvararelyRhynchitidaeRhynchites auratus
fruitborerlarvaRhynchitidaeRhynchites bacchus
fruitborerlarvaRhynchitidaeTatianaerhynchites aequatus
stemborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia ivella
fruitborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia conjugella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeSiphoninus phillyreae
leafminerRhynchitidaeNeocoenorrhinus pauxillus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurocanthus spiniferus
leafvagrantspring generationdoubtfulAphididaeRhopalosiphum nymphaeae
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella stettinensis
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
systemicscaleDiaspididaeParlatoria oleae
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon codeti
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon vespiformis
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon myopaeformis
rootgalldoubtfulAphididaeAploneura ampelina
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla crataegi
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria vitis
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus pulcher
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
fruitborerTephritidaeAnomoia purmunda
fruitgallTenthredinidaeHoplocampa testudinea
fruitpustuleHelotialesMonilinia fructigena
flowerborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia curvella
flowergallrarelyCurculionidaeAnthonomus piri
flowergallCurculionidaeAnthonomus pomorum
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia mali
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera leucotricha
leafleaf spotVenturialesVenturia inaequalis
leafgallAphididaeAphis pomi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeDysaphis brancoi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeDysaphis chaerophylli
leafgallspring generationmainAphididaeDysaphis plantaginea
leafgallspring generationAphididaeDysaphis radicola
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAllocotaphis quaestionis
leafgallAphididaeDysaphis devecta
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura mali
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus malimarginemtorquens
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes mali
leafgalldoubtfulEriophyidaePhyllocoptes goniothorax
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes malinus
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla mali
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla melanoneura
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla picta
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza heringiana
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix bechsteinella
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora anatipenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora coracipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora currucipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora hemerobiella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora potentillae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora prunifoliae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora serratella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora siccifolia
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora spinella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora trigeminella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora violacea
leafminerCurculionidaeRhamphus oxyacanthae
leafminerGelechiidaeRecurvaria nanella
leafminerGracillariidaeCallisto denticulella
leafminerGracillariidaeParornix petiolella
leafminerGracillariidaeParornix scoticella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter anceps
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter blancardella
leafminerrarelyGracillariidaePhyllonorycter cerasicolella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter corylifoliella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter gerasimowi
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter hostis
leafminerrarelyGracillariidaePhyllonorycter leucographella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter mespilella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter pyrifoliella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter sorbi
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria oehlmanniella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria pectinea
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera malifoliella
leafminerLyonetiidaeLyonetia clerkella
leafminerLyonetiidaeLyonetia prunifoliella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella desperatella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella incognitella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella magdalenae
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella malella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella oxyacanthella
leafminerrarelyNepticulidaeStigmella plagicolella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella sorbi
leafminerNepticulidaeBohemannia pulverosella
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia atricollis
leafminerYponomeutidaeScythropia crataegella
leafminerYponomeutidaeYponomeuta malinellus
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesGymnosporangium clavariiforme
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesGymnosporangium tremelloides
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesOchropsora ariae
leafvagrantspring generationmainAphididaeRhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeDysaphis anthrisci
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeOvatus crataegarius
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeDiptacus gigantorhynchus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus baileyi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus schlechtendali
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytobia carbonaria
stemborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella oculiperda
stemgallsummer generationAphididaeEriosoma lanigerum
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
stemgallDiaspididaeEpidiaspis leperii
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemminerElachistidaeBlastodacna atra
predatorCecidomyiidaeArthrocnodax mali
predatorCecidomyiidaeArthrocnodax wissmanni
inquilineCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis mali
root collarvagrantspring generationAphididaeDysaphis anthrisci
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium tiliae
stemscaleCoccidaePalaeolecanium bituberculatum
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 9.viii.2022