Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Pyracantha

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorMiridaeAtractotomus mali
leafvagrantAcanthosomatidaeAcanthosoma haemorrhoidale
leafscaleAleyrodidaeSiphoninus phillyreae
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus apenninus
leafvagrantTingidaeStephanitis pyri
leafscalePseudococcidaePseudococcus comstocki
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus perniciosus
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus uvae
scaleDiaspididaeMelanaspis inopinata
systemicscaleDiaspididaeParlatoria pergandii
stemscaleMargarodidaeIcerya purchasi
stemscaleCoccidaeCeroplastes ceriferus
stemscaleCoccidaeCeroplastes japonicus
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpiphyas postvittana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips rosana
leafhiddenTortricidaeHedya nubiferana
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmphipyra pyramidea
leafvagrantGeometridaeOpisthograptis luteolata
leafvagrantZygaenidaeAglaope infausta
leafvagrantGeometridaeOperophtera brumata
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia diadema
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina schneideri
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus mali
leafhiddenTortricidaeSpilonota ocellana
stemborerTortricidaeEnarmonia formosana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurocanthus spiniferus
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
stemscalerarelyCoccidaePulvinaria vitis
leafgallTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus spinosus
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
fruitborerTephritidaeAnomoia purmunda
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia mali
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera clandestina
leafgallAphididaeAphis pomi
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria pyracanthi
leafgalldoubtfulEriophyidaePhyllocoptes goniothorax
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix bechsteinella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora prunifoliae
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter leucographella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter oxyacanthae
leafminerLyonetiidaeLyonetia clerkella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesGymnosporangium amelanchieris
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesGymnosporangium confusum
stemgallsummer generationAphididaeEriosoma lanigerum
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 14.iii.2022