Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Sorbus torminalis

wild service-tree

synonym: Pirus torminalis

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeCyclophora linearia
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCosmia trapezina
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta psi
leafvagrantGeometridaeOperophtera brumata
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis polychloros
leafvagrantGeometridaeErannis defoliaria
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia nitidula
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus mendax
leafvagrantIssidaeIssus coleoptratus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus rugulosus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus mali
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
leaf budhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips inconsequens
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips minutissimus
leafhiddenPeleopodidaeCarcina quercana
leafleaf spotVenturialesVenturia inaequalis
leaf budborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia submontana
fruitborerTortricidaePammene rhediella
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
leaf budgalllarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeAnthonomus chevrolati
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus mathiasrexi
leafgallTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus spinosus
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia floriperda
leafdowndoubtfulErysiphalesPhyllactinia mali
leafleaf spotTaphrinalesTaphrina sorbi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeDysaphis aucupariae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia sorbi
leafgalldoubtfulEriophyidaeEriophyes arianus
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes pyri
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes torminalis
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes sorbeus
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla albipes
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix bechsteinella
leafminerGracillariidaeParornix scoticella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter corylifoliella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter cydoniella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter hostis
leafminerrarelyGracillariidaePhyllonorycter leucographella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter mespilella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter oxyacanthae
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter sorbi
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella hahniella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella hybnerella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella magdalenae
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella mespilicola
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella torminalis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesGymnosporangium clavariiforme
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesGymnosporangium confusum
leafpustuleaeciamainPuccinialesGymnosporangium torminali-juniperini
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesGymnosporangium tremelloides
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesOchropsora ariae
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
leafgallAphididaeAphis pomi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 13.xii.2021