Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Geum rivale

water avens

synonym: Geum hybridum, pallidum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus coecus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Agrochola litura
leaf vagrant doubtful Noctuidae Athetis lepigone
unknown unknown Curculionidae Scleropterus offensus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Galerucella tenella
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Empria basalis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Empria parvula
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Claremontia waldheimii
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Empria sexpunctata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora pallidiventris
leaf miner doubtful Incurvariidae Alloclemensia mesospilella
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Acleris comariana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Liroella gei
flower borer Pterophoridae Geina didactyla
root collar borer Syrphidae Cheilosia pubera
unknown unknown larva Curculionidae Scleropterus serratus
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Sphaerulina gei
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia gei
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella splendidissimella
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aphanis
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora gei
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia gei
leaf gall Eriophyidae Cecidophyes nudus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria praelatella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aurella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pretiosa
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Metallus lanceolatus
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus rivalis
leaf vagrant Triozidae Bactericera bohemica
flower vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum gei
leaf vagrant Aphididae Amphorophora gei
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Acyrthosiphon malvae potha


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 20.xii.2021