Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Geum urbanum

wood avens

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus rufipes
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora geicola
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Paophilus afflatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus coecus
leaf leaf spot Dothideales Pseudocercosporella gei
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Charanyca ferruginea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Dysstroma truncata
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Pyrgus malvae
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Empria parvula
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenthredinidae Empria basalis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Monophadnoides rubi
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Empria pravei
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Empria sexpunctata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Claremontia waldheimii
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora pallidiventris
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis cerasana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
flower borer Pterophoridae Geina didactyla
flower gall Curculionidae Anthonomus rubi
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Sphaerulina gei
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia gei
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon malvae malvae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Amphorophora gei
flower vagrant main Aphididae Macrosiphum gei
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aphanis
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora gei
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia gei
leaf gall Eriophyidae Cecidophyes nudus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Epitrimerus urbanus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aurella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pretiosa
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella splendidissimella
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Metallus lanceolatus
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ovatomyzus boraginacearum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 25.x.2023