Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Alchemilla

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root collar scale Pseudococcidae Atrococcus paludinus
root scale Rhizoecidae Rhizoecus albidus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Tropiphorus terricola
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Exomias pellucidus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Polydrusus abeillei
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Polydrusus pyrenaeus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Crocallis elinguaria
leaf hidden doubtful Hesperiidae Pyrgus andromedae
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus fagi
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Romualdius scaber
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Mycosphaerella alchemillicola
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ovularia pluriseptata
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria alchemillae
leaf leaf spot Massarinaceae Stagonospora alchemillae
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia aplospora
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia alpina
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus tenebricosus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus krattereri
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus paradoxus
root vagrant Curculionidae Otiorhynchus equestris
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius glaucus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius viridicollis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus kollari
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus carinatopunctatus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia c-nigrum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua comes
flower vagrant Noctuidae Elaphria venustula
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Macrothylacia rubi
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma alpicola
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Epirrhoe alternata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Dysstroma truncata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Dysstroma citrata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Dysstroma truncata
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Pyrgus malvoides
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Cladius pectinicornis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Sonronius dahlbomi
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Neoglanis ovalis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Scleropterus offensus
leaf gall unknown on Alchemilla xanthochlora
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Galerucella tenella
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis nigronotata
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenthredinidae Claremontia tenuicornis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Claremontia uncta
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Empria parvula
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Allantus calceatus
unknown unknown Psychidae Catastia marginea
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden doubtful Tortricidae Acleris shepherdana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris aspersana
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Acleris caledoniana
unknown borer Syrphidae Cheilosia vicina
leaf vagrant larva Curculionidae Pelenomus commari
stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aphanis
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora alchemillae
leaf leaf spot Venturiales Coleroa alchemillae
leaf gall Triozidae Bactericera femoralis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora rectilineella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria praelatella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Trachyspora alchemillae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Trachyspora melospora
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Trachyspora pentaphylleae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Calepitrimerus alchemillae
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Phytoptus alchemillae
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon malvae potha
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis alchemillae
leaf vagrant rarely Aphididae Amphorophora gei
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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