Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Fragaria ananassa

garden strawberry

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePolydrusus inustus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeBarypeithes araneiformis
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeBarypeithes pellucidus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeBarypeithes trichopterus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeBarypeithes mollicomus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus ovatus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePhyllobius pomaceus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia gracilis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia gothica
stemborerNoctuidaeHydraecia micacea
leafvagrantNoctuidaePhlogophora meticulosa
root collarhiddenCrambidaeDuponchelia fovealis
leafvagrantSaturniidaeSaturnia pavonia
leafvagrantGeometridaeDysstroma citrata
leafhiddenHesperiidaePyrgus malvae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes packardi
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia grevilleana
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis forbesi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera aphanis
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum circumflexum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza idaeiana
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon malvae rogersii
systemicvagrantrarelyAphididaeAphis ruborum
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 26.xii.2021