Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Fragaria

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafhiddenThripidaeThrips tabaci
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius stramineipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAllantus truncatus
leafvagrantArgidaeArge nigripes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAllantus cinctus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria parvula
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius jucundus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDulophanes morio
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria liturata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeClaremontia brevicornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya militaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya diversipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAllantus cingulatus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeClaremontia puncticeps
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius nemorum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAllantus calceatus
leafoviposition scareggTenthredinidaeCladius pectinicornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCladius pectinicornis
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis comptana
leafscalePseudococcidaePuto pilosellae
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeClepsis neglectatana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura lafauryana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis dumetana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafhiddenTortricidaeExapate congelatella
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris aspersana
leafvagrantTortricidaeAcleris comariana
leafvagrantTortricidaeCacoecimorpha pronubana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegonotus fragariae
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeSierraphytoptus ambulans
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia grevilleana
stemborerlarvaRhynchitidaeNeocoenorrhinus germanicus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
stemscaleDiaspididaeAulacaspis rosae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCurculionidaeAnthonomus rubi
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera aphanis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora fragariae
leafgallAphelenchoididaeAphelenchoides fragariae
leafgallPhytoptidaeFragariocoptes setiger
leafgallTarsonemidaePhytonemus pallidus
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza idaeiana
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza sulfuriceps
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys fragariae
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora albicostella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora flavipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora gryphipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora potentillae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora violacea
leafminerdoubtfulDouglasiidaeTinagma perdicella
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum circumflexum
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafminerGracillariidaeParornix anglicella
leafminermainIncurvariidaeIncurvaria praelatella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella aeneofasciella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella aurella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella splendidissimella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella thuringiaca
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia arcuatella
leafminerTenthredinidaeFenella nigrita
leafvagrantspring generationrarelyAphididaeSitobion fragariae
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
root collargallActinomycetalesRhodococcus fascians
root collargalldoubtfulPlasmodiophoralesPlasmodiophora brassicae
rootborerLongidoridaeXiphinema diversicaudatum
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis forbesi
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
systemicvagrantrarelyAphididaeAphis ruborum
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphon fragaefolii
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon malvae rogersii
leafvagrantAphididaeRhodobium porosum
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeMyzaphis rosarum
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 6.v.2020