organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf hidden Tortricidae Sparganothis pilleriana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis rurinana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Acleris bergmanniana
leaf vagrant doubtful Tortricidae Acleris holmiana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris rhombana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris variegana
leaf hidden doubtful Tortricidae Acleris laterana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris cristana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris permutana
fruit borer Tortricidae Grapholita tenebrosana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus rosae
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhiniphytoptus rosarum
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus tiliarum
leaf bud borer Prodoxidae Lampronia provectella
unknown unknown Prodoxidae Lampronia standfussiella
leaf bud borer Prodoxidae Lampronia morosa
stem borer Prodoxidae Lampronia pubicornis
stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Rhynchites caeruleus
leaf gall larva doubtful Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae
stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Neocoenorrhinus germanicus
flower borer Rhynchitidae Mecorhis ungarica
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Neopealius rubi
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia tabaci
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurotrachelus rhamnicola
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia carpini
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Muscaphis escherichi
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
leaf vagrant summer generation rarely Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi
stem scale Diaspididae Aulacaspis rosae
root borer Sesiidae Pennisetia bohemica
leaf gall Cynipidae Liebelia cavarae
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria hydrangeae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf gall Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus spinosus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
fruit borer Tephritidae Carpomyia schineri
fruit gall Cynipidae Diplolepis fructuum
fruit gall Tephritidae Rhagoletis alternata
flower gall Curculionidae Anthonomus rubi
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera pannosa
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora sparsa
leaf leaf spot Helotiales Diplocarpon rosae
leaf leaf spot Myriangiales Elsinoe rosarum
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura rosae
leaf gall Cynipidae Diplolepis eglanteriae
leaf gall Cynipidae Diplolepis mayri
leaf gall Cynipidae Diplolepis nervosa
leaf gall Cynipidae Diplolepis rosae
leaf gall Cynipidae Diplolepis spinosissimae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Callyntrotus granulatus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Paraphytoptus rosae
leaf gall Tenthredinidae Blennocampa phyllocolpa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gryphipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella anomalella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella centifoliella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella rolandi
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella spinosissimae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia angulifasciella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia rosae
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona gracilis
leaf miner doubtful Tenthredinidae Fenusa ewaldi
leaf miner Tischeriidae Coptotriche angusticollella
leaf oviposition scar rarely Argidae Arge gracilicornis
leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Cladardis elongatula
leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Cladius pectinicornis
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium fusiforme
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium kamtschatkae
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium mucronatum
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium rosae-pimpinellifoliae
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium tuberculatum
leaf vagrant spring generation rarely Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Longicaudus trirhodus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Callyntrotus schlechtendali
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Eriophyes rhodites
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes adalius
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Resseliella oculiperda
stem borer Tenthredinidae Ardis pallipes
stem leaf spot Pleosporales Coniothyrium wernsdorffiae
stem gall Buprestidae Agrilus cuprescens
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella frankumi
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
stem oviposition scar Argidae Arge ochropus
stem oviposition scar Argidae Arge pagana
root collar vagrant Aphididae Maculolachnus submacula
root borer Longidoridae Xiphinema diversicaudatum
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis rosarum
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis luceti
inquiline Cynipidae Periclistus caninae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzaphis bucktoni
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Metopolophium dirhodum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphon tetrarhodum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Rhodobium porosum
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
stem vagrant spring generation Aphididae Macrosiphum rosae
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Wahlgreniella ossiannilssoni
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzaphis rosarum
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Metopolophium montanum
unknown vagrant spring generation Aphididae Metopolophium alpinum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphon chaetosiphon
leaf vagrant Aphididae Wahlgreniella nervata nervata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzaphis turanica

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 17.xi.2019