Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rosa rugosa

japanese rose

synonym: Rosa andreae

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus urticae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella centifoliella
fruit vagrant rarely Coreidae Coreus marginatus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta rumicis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis chrysorrhoea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Earophila badiata
fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus aculeatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana sociabilis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina schneideri
fruit borer Tephritidae Carpomya schineri
fruit gall Tephritidae Rhagoletis alternata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Allantus coxalis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Apethymus apicalis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Allantus viennensis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Hedya ochroleucana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Orthotaenia undulana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Notocelia cynosbatella
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Acleris bergmanniana
fruit borer Tortricidae Grapholita tenebrosana
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus tiliarium
stem scale Diaspididae Aulacaspis rosae
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria hydrangeae
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Metopolophium dirhodum
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera pannosa
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora sparsa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella anomalella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella rolandi
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium kamtschatkae
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium mucronatum
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium tuberculatum
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem vagrant spring generation Aphididae Macrosiphum rosae
stem gall Buprestidae Agrilus cuprescens
leaf vagrant main Aphididae Chaetosiphon tetrarhodum

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 5.vi.2023