Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Rubus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerCurculionidaeLiparthrum mandibulare
leafvagrantCurculionidaeNeoglanis ovalis
leafvagrantCurculionidaeNeoglanis rubi
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus rubiphilus
stemscalePseudococcidaeCoccura comari
leafvagrantTetranychidaeNeotetranychus rubi
leafvagrantTetranychidaeTetranychus viennensis
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia praetiosa
leafgalllarvaAttelabidaeApoderus erythropterus
systemicgallunknown on Rubus fruticosus
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus fulvomaculatus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips atratus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips brevicornis
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips major
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeBatophila rubi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeBatophila aerata
flowerborerNitidulidaeMeligethes denticulatus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGalerucella sagittariae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeAltica bicarinata
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera interpunctata
stemvagrantFlatidaeMetcalfa pruinosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAllantus cinctus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo mioceras
unknownunknownRhynchitidaeAuletobius garajonay
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius stramineipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePerineura rubi
leafvagrantdoubtfulArgidaeArge cyanocrocea
leafvagrantArgidaeSterictiphora furcata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya aphrodite
stemborerCephidaeHartigia helleri
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeBirka annulitarsis
leafvagrantArgidaeSterictiphora angelicae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria longicornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAllantus rufocinctus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCaliroa cerasi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMonophadnoides rubi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeClaremontia alternipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeRhogogaster punctulata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya annulata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya militaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeClaremontia brevicornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya rufipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya diversipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya montana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria aridicola
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria tridens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya blanda
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo ferruginea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCladius brullei
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius hortorum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTaxonus agrorum
stemborerCephidaeHartigia nigra
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAllantus calceatus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMonophadnoides ruficruris
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea lipsiella
stemleaf spotSeptocyta ruborum
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura simonyi
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis coriacanus
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeAncylis mitterbacheriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis comptana
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeAncylis unculana
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDasystoma salicella
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLepteucosma huebneriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLobesia reliquana
leafhiddenTortricidaeNotocelia cynosbatella
leafhiddenTortricidaeNotocelia uddmanniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSpilonota ocellana
stemgallDothidealesParaconiothyrium fuckelii
leafhiddenTortricidaeEulia ministrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips rosana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura hebenstreitella
leafhiddenTortricidaeSyndemis musculana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis dumetana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora pallidiventris
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis corylana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCapua vulgana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeExapate congelatella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris rufana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris sparsana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris variegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris caledoniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris holmiana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris laterana
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus californicus
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus obovatus
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeTrimeroptes rubi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes rubivagrans
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus daneki
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus pliszki
leaf budvagrantEriophyidaeAcalitus orthomerus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeLeipothrix yipingae
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeQuadracus ursinus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEriophyes liangi
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeDiptacus caesius
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes rubi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEriophyes rubifolii
leafvagrantEriophyidaeMonochetus saxatilis
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes rubi
flowerboreryounger larvaProdoxidaeLampronia corticella
leaf budborerolder larvaProdoxidaeLampronia corticella
stemborerProdoxidaeLampronia luzella
stemborerProdoxidaeLampronia flavimitrella
flowerborerRhynchitidaeMecorhis ungarica
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
stemborerlarvaRhynchitidaeNeocoenorrhinus germanicus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeNeopealius rubi
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia afer
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurotrachelus rhamnicola
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
stemvagrantOrtheziidaeOrthezia urticae
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium tiliae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesSphaerulina westendorpii
leafvagrantTriozidaePhylloplecta trisignata
stemborerAnthomyiidaePegomya rubivora
leafgallTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus spinosus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
fruitgallEriophyidaeAcalitus essigi
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia rubicola
flowergallCurculionidaeAnthonomus rubi
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera aphanis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora rubi
leafleaf spotVenturialesColeroa chaetomium
leafgallAphididaeAphis idaei
leafgallAphididaeAulacorthum cylactis
leafgallAphididaeAmphorophora idaei
leafgallCecidomyiidaeBuhriella rubicola
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura plicatrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria silvicola
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus gibbosus
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes rubicolens
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes gracilis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza idaeiana
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza sulfuriceps
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora plumbella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora potentillae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora violacea
leafminerdoubtfulDouglasiidaeTinagma perdicella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria oehlmanniella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria praelatella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella aurella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella auromarginella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella poterii
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella pretiosa
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella splendidissimella
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia erythrogenella
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia rubivora
leafminerTenthredinidaeMetallus albipes
leafminerTenthredinidaeMetallus pumilus
leafminerTischeriidaeCoptotriche heinemanni
leafminerTischeriidaeCoptotriche longiciliatella
leafminerTischeriidaeCoptotriche marginea
leafoviposition scarArgidaeArge gracilicornis
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesKuehneola uredinis
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPhragmidium acuminatum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPhragmidium arcticum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPhragmidium bulbosum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPhragmidium rubi-idaei
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPhragmidium violaceum
leafpustulePuccinialesArthuriomyces peckianus
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPucciniastrum arcticum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMainsia urediniformis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPhragmidium candicantium
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum funestum
leafvagrantAphididaeAmphorophora rubi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes rubicolens
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus chamaemori
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus rubi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus schlechtendali
stemborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella theobaldi
stemgallBuprestidaeAgrilus cuprescens
stemgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera rubi
stemgalldoubtfulCynipidaeAulacidea rubi
stemgallCynipidaeDiastrophus rubi
stemgallRhizobialesAgrobacterium tumefaciens
stemgallSesiidaePennisetia hylaeiformis
rootgallsummer generationrarelyAphididaeMimeuria ulmiphila
predatorCecidomyiidaeLestodiplosis plicatricis
inquilineCecidomyiidaeClinodiplosis socialis
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum circumflexum
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
flowervagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum rubiarctici
stemscaleDiaspididaeAulacaspis rosae
stemvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMacrosiphum rosae
systemicvagrantAphididaeAphis ruborum

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 10.xi.2020